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Tillandsia kammii is a species in the genus Tillandsia that is native to Honduras,[2] but has also been collected in El Salvador.[3] It was first discovered in Honduras in 1977 in the regions of Olancho, Lempira and Copan.[4][5] Its common name is Kamm's tillandsia.[6]

Tillandsia kammii
Tillandsia kammii (TS) 2-04040.jpg
Tillandsia kammii in cultivation at the Botanical Garden of Heidelberg, Germany
CITES Appendix II (CITES)[1]
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Bromeliaceae
Genus: Tillandsia
Species:
T. kammii
Binomial name
Tillandsia kammii
Rauh

Contents

DescriptionEdit

Tillandsia kammii is a xerophytic epiphyte.[7] It is one of only four species of Tillandsia that is protected by the CITES Appendix II.[8] T. kammii has densely arranged leaves and often grows between five and ten centimeters tall. It has thin wiry roots and has been known to grow both as a single plant and in clusters. This plant has a short, bright red inflorescence, surrounded by violet petals, that rarely lasts more than a day after blooming. Unsurprisingly, this plant has a rough texture and appearance which is due to coarse trichomes covering its leaves. Tillandsia kammii closely resembles both T. velutina and T. plagiotropica. It is differentiated from the former by its larger, denser trichomes, and from the latter by its narrower, longer, and more flexible leaves.[5]

HabitatEdit

Tillandsia kammii inhabits the tropical savanna climate in Honduras and El Salvador at elevations of 500 to 1200 m.[4] Average temperatures in its habitat range from 14 °C - 35 °C, with an average total annual precipitation of roughly 1400 mm.[9]

 
T. kammii clump at the Botanical Garden of Heidelberg, Germany.

CultivarsEdit

No cultivars are listed for this species in the BSI Cultivar Registry[10]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Appendices I, II and III". CITES. 2012-04-03. Retrieved 2012-08-14.
  2. ^ "Tillandsia kammii Rauh | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science". Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 2018-07-09.
  3. ^ "Search". Retrieved 2018-07-09.
  4. ^ a b "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew". wcsp.science.kew.org. Retrieved 2018-07-09.
  5. ^ a b Luther, Harry (November–December 1994). "Journal of the Bromeliad Society". Journal of the Bromeliad Society. 44: 27 – via Bromeliad Society International.
  6. ^ "Species+". speciesplus.net. Retrieved 2018-07-09.
  7. ^ Gardner, C. S. (1986). "PRELIMINARY CLASSIFICATION OF TILLANDSIA BASED ON FLORAL CHARACTERS". Selbyana. 9 (1): 130–146.
  8. ^ "Appendices | CITES". www.cites.org. Retrieved 2018-07-09.
  9. ^ "Catacamas Climate Norrmals 1961 - 1990" National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 8 July 2018.
  10. ^ Beadle, Don (2009). The BSI Cultivar Registry. Bromeliad Society International.