Horon (dance)

  (Redirected from Tik (dance))

Horon directly derives from the greek word χορός ,meaning dance, (Laz: horon), or choron, khoron or horon (Pontic: χορόν, romanized: khorón),[1] is a traditional hellenic folk dance from the Black Sea Region / Pontos of modern-day Turkey.[citation needed]

Horon with kemenche virtuoso Yusuf Cemal Keskin, Turkey Laz dance 2007
Children from Turkey perform folk dance

HistoryEdit

The word horon comes from the Greek choros (Greek: χορός, romanizedkhorós) which is the Greek word for "dance".[2] It is a traditional dance of the Black Sea region. It originated in Pontus, which is located in the north region of today's Turkey at the Black Sea coast.[citation needed]

Horon types and similar dancesEdit

  • Omal (ομάλ), meaning “the calm, normal one”, in Turkish düz horon
  • Tik (τικ), from “perpendicular”, in Turkish dik
    • Argon (αργόν), meaning “the slow one"
    • Tromakton (τρομαχτόν), meaning “the fierce one"
    • So gonaton (σο γόνατον), meaning “on the knee”
    • Langefton (λαγκευτόν), meaning “the jumped, hopped one”
    • Karslidikon (καρσλίδικον), from Turkish Karslı, meaning “the one from Kars
    • Diplon (διπλόν), meaning “the double one”
  • Dipat or Giavaston (διπάτ, γιαβαστόν), meaning “double step”, in Iranian languages du+pat horon
  • Ters (τερς), meaning "the wrong or incorrect one" from Turkish ters (the dance exists in two versions, one from the Akdağmadeni town and district in Yozgat, one from Kioumoush Maten)
  • Tas (τας)
  • Trigona (τρυγόνα), meaning "pigeon" or Iranian dirvana (which exists in different versions in Trapezounta, Matsouka, Kerasounta)
  • Seranitsa (σερανίτσα) referring to the Turkish people (two versions from Trapezounta and Sheriana)
  • Serra (σέρρα), named after the River Serra (Trabzon)
  • Masher or Maheria (Μαχαίρια) or Pyrecheios , an ancient Greek dance described by the ancient historian Xenophon as picturing “the sound of fire” (in the film The Addams Family, Gomez Addams dances the Masher)
  • Kots (κοτς), meaning “heel dance”
  • Kotsari (κότσαρι), an Armenian folk dance, meaning “heel dance”
  • Almatsouk (αλματσούκ)
  • Titara (τίταρα), existing in two versions from Gümüşhane and Kars)
  • Giurvalandun (γιουρβαλαντούν)
  • Samson (σαμσόν), “from Samsun
  • Etere (έτερε)
  • Karsilamas (καρσιλαμάς), from Turkish karşılama
  • Pipilomatena (πιπιλομάτενα), meaning “with soft eyes”
  • Tsurtuguzus (τσουρτούγουζους)
  • Momogera (μομόγερα), meaning “immature old man”, Iranian momoyer
  • Atsapat (ατσαπάτ), from Turkish Akçaabat
  • Gemura (γέμουρα), meaning “from Yomra”, a town close to Trabzon
  • Diplon Omal (διπλόν ομάλ), meaning “double calm”
  • Kalon Korits (καλόν κορίτσ), meaning “good girl”
  • Kymishanalidikon (κιμισχαναλίδικον), from Turkish 'Gümüşhaneli, meaning "one from Gumushane"
  • Dolme (ντολμέ)
  • Utsai (ούτσαϊ)
  • Sarikuz (σαρικουζ), from Turkish sarı kız, meaning “blond girl”
  • Siton (σιτόν)
  • Tamsara (τάμσαρα), “from Tamzara town”, Giresun
  • Tyrfon (τυρφόν)
  • Fona (φόνα)
  • Letsina (Λετσίνα)
  • Hala-Hala (χάλα-χάλα)
  • Halai (χαλάϊ), from Turkish halay

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "horon". www.nisanyansozluk.com. Archived from the original on 20 August 2017. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  2. ^ Alev Scott, "Ottoman Odyssey: Travels through a Lost Empire", Riverrun, 2019

External linksEdit