Horon (dance)

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Horon (Pontic: χορόν)[1] or khoron (Laz: horon), refers to a group of multi-ethnic folk dances from the Black Sea region of Turkey.

Horon with kemenche virtuoso Yusuf Cemal Keskin, Turkey Laz dance 2007
Children from Turkey perform folk dance

HistoryEdit

The word horon comes from the Greek choros (χορός) which is the Greek word for "dance".[2] It is a traditional dance of the Black Sea region. It originated in Pontus, which is located in the north region of today's Turkey at the Black Sea coast.

DescriptionEdit

Many Pontian dances are almost identical in steps to Greek dances. Pontian dances also resemble Persian and Middle Eastern dances in that they are not led, with no single leader in the dance formation. This is different from Greek dances but is a widespread aspect of Persian and Middle Eastern dances. A unique aspect of Pontian dance is the tremoulo, which is a fast shaking of the upper torso by a turning of the back on its axis.

Horon types and similar dancesEdit

  • Omal (ομάλ), meaning “the calm, normal one”, in Turkish düz horon
  • Tik (τικ), from “perpendicular”, in Turkish dik
    • Argon (αργόν), meaning “the slow one"
    • Tromakton (τρομαχτόν), meaning “the fierce one"
    • So gonaton (σο γόνατον), meaning “on the knee”
    • Langefton (λαγκευτόν), meaning “the jumped, hopped one”
    • Karslidikon (καρσλίδικον), from Turkish Karslı, meaning “the one from Kars
    • Diplon (διπλόν), meaning “the double one”
  • Dipat or Giavaston (διπάτ, γιαβαστόν), meaning “double step”, in Iranian languages du+pat horon
  • Ters (τερς), meaning "the wrong or incorrect one" from Turkish ters (the dance exists in two versions, one from the Akdağmadeni town and district in Yozgat, one from Kioumoush Maten)
  • Tas (τας)
  • Trigona (τρυγόνα), meaning "pigeon" or Iranian dirvana (which exists in different versions in Trapezounta, Matsouka, Kerasounta)
  • Seranitsa (σερανίτσα) referring to the Turkish people (two versions from Trapezounta and Sheriana)
  • Serra (σέρρα), named after the River Serra (Trabzon)
  • Masher or Maheria (Μαχαίρια) or Pyrecheios , an ancient Greek dance described by the ancient historian Xenophon as picturing “the sound of fire” (in the film The Addams Family, Gomez Addams dances the Masher)
  • Kots (κοτς), meaning “heel dance”
  • Kotsari (κότσαρι), an Armenian folk dance, meaning “heel dance”
  • Almatsouk (αλματσούκ)
  • Titara (τίταρα), existing in two versions from Argyroupolis and Kars)
  • Giurvalandun (γιουρβαλαντούν)
  • Samson (σαμσόν), “from Samsun
  • Etere (έτερε)
  • Karsilamas (καρσιλαμάς), from Turkish karşılama
  • Pipilomatena (πιπιλομάτενα), meaning “with soft eyes”
  • Tsurtuguzus (τσουρτούγουζους)
  • Momogera (μομόγερα), meaning “immature old man”, Iranian momoyer
  • Atsapat (ατσαπάτ), from Turkish Akçaabat
  • Gemura (γέμουρα), meaning “from Yomra”, a town close to Trabzon
  • Diplon Omal (διπλόν ομάλ), meaning “double calm”
  • Kalon Korits (καλόν κορίτσ), meaning “good girl”
  • Kymishanalidikon (κιμισχαναλίδικον), from Turkish 'Gümüşhaneli, meaning "one from Gumushane"
  • Dolme (ντολμέ)
  • Utsai (ούτσαϊ)
  • Sarikuz (σαρικουζ), from Turkish sarı kız, meaning “blond girl”
  • Siton (σιτόν)
  • Tamsara (τάμσαρα), “from Tamzara town”, Giresun
  • Tyrfon (τυρφόν)
  • Fona (φόνα)
  • Letsina (Λετσίνα)
  • Hala-Hala (χάλα-χάλα)
  • Halai (χαλάϊ), from Turkish halay
  • Shalakho, (σαλαχο)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "horon". www.nisanyansozluk.com. Archived from the original on 20 August 2017. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  2. ^ Alev Scott, "Ottoman Odyssey: Travels through a Lost Empire", Riverrun, 2019

External linksEdit