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Coordinates: 40°17′17″N 24°09′31″E / 40.288017°N 24.158674°E / 40.288017; 24.158674 Thyssus or Thyssos (Ancient Greek: Θύσσος) was a town of Chalcidice in ancient Macedon, situated on the west or south side of the peninsula of Acte or Akte (Ακτή) peninsula (now Mount Athos), the easternmost of the three peninsulas forming the ancient Chalcidice, on its western coast, north of Cleonae. Thucydides says that among the cities of the aforementioned peninsula, Sane was colony of Andros, while Thyssus, Cleonae, Acrothoum, Olophyxus and Dium had a heterogeneous population of bilingual barbarians formed by a few Chalcidians and, the rest, Pelasgians, Bisaltians, Crestonians and Edoni.[1][2] Strabo points out that its primitive populated was composed of Pelasgians from Lemnos.[3]

It was a member of the Delian League as it appears on the tribute lists to Athens between the years 454/3 BCE and 429/8 BCE.[4] Thyssus took the side of the Lacedaemonian Brasidas during his actions in the Chalcidice in 424-423 BCE.[5] In 421 BCE, Thyssus, then an ally of Athens, was occupied by Dium.[6]

It is located near Skala Zographou.[7][8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Thucydides. History of the Peloponnesian War. 4.109, 5.35.
  2. ^ Herodotus. Histories. 7.22.
  3. ^ Strabo. Geographica. 7.33, 7.35. Page numbers refer to those of Isaac Casaubon's edition.
  4. ^ Mogens Herman Hansen & Thomas Heine Nielsen (2004). "Thrace from Axios to Strymon". An inventory of archaic and classical poleis. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 846. ISBN 0-19-814099-1.
  5. ^ Thucydides. History of the Peloponnesian War. 4.109.
  6. ^ Thucydides. History of the Peloponnesian War. 5.35.
  7. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.
  8. ^ Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 51, and directory notes accompanying.

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Thyssus". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.