Thorkild Hansen (9 January 1927 – 4 February 1989) was a Danish novelist most noted for his historical fiction. He is commonly associated with his trilogy about the Danish slave trade including Slavernes øer (1970) for which he received the Nordic Council Literature Prize in 1971. 
Hansen was born at Ordrup in Gentofte Municipality, Denmark. He attended Holte Gymnasium and from 1945-47 studied literature at the University of Copenhagen. In 1947, he moved to Paris where he wrote dispatches for the Copenhagen-based Ekstra Bladet. After returning to Denmark in 1952, he devoted his efforts to a series of novels. Several featured aspects of the Danish era of imperialism. Det Lykkelige Arabien: En Dansk Ekspedition (1962) covered the Danish Arabia expedition (1761–67) led by Carsten Niebuhr. His book Jens Munk (1965) was about Danish-Norwegian sea captain Jens Munk and his attempt to locate the Northwest Passage. 
- Resten er Stilhed (1953)
- Arabia Felix: The Danish Expedition of 1761-1767 (Det Lykkelige Arabien: En Dansk Ekspedition, 1761 67 , 1962)
- Coast of Slaves (Slavernes kyst, 1967)
- Ships of Slaves (Slavernes skibe, 1968)
- The Way to Hudson Bay: The Life and Times of Jens Munk
- Islands of Slaves (Slavernes øer, 1970)
- Processen mod Hamsun, (1978) 
- "Thorkild Hansen (1927–1989)". New York Review Books. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
- "Thorkild Hansen". African Books Collective. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
- Colin Dwyer. "In The Refrains Of 'Arabia Felix,' A Reminder: Often The End Is Just A Start". National Public Radio. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
- "1971 Thorkild Hansen, Denmark: Slavernes øer". Nordic Co-operation. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
- Michigan State University author bio Archived 2007-05-13 at the Wayback Machine
- F.J. Billeskov Jansen, Merete Harding: Thorkild Hansen Dansk Biografisk Leksikon, Gyldendal
- Also published in English as North West to Hudson's Bay: The Life and Times of Jens Munk (1970)
- apparently never translated into English), adapted as a film (1996) with Max von Sydow as Knut Hamsun
- Thorkild Hansen Gyldendal
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