Thomas II, bishop of Wrocław

Thomas II Zaremba, also known as Tomas, was a medieval bishop of Wrocław, Poland from 1270 till 1292.[1]

Thomas Zaremba was a nephew and confidant of his predecessor, Thomas I. Prior to being Bishop he had been a canon in Wrocław and Archdeacon of Opole.

As Bishop, he advocated extensively on behalf of the church in the political sphere.[2][3] Notably, Thomas was involved for years in a violent dispute with Duke Henry IV as to the prerogatives of the Church in Silesia,[4] and was forced to leave Wrocław in 1285 and seek refuge with Prince Mieszko in Raciborz.[5]

In 1287 a reconciliation was effected between them at Regensburg, and in 1288 the duke founded the collegiate Church of the Holy Cross at Wrocław as part of the reconciliation.[6] Before his death, on the Eve of St. John in 1290, the duke confirmed the rights of the Church to sovereignty over the territories of Neisse and Otmuchów making Thomas the first Prince-Bishop in Wrocław.

Other achievements of Thomas II include the consecration of the high altar of the cathedral, attendance at the First Council of Lyon (1274), holding a diocesan synod in 1279 and the establishment of the St. Thomas Collegiate Church in Racibórz.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bishops of Wroclaw Archived 2014-02-01 at the Wayback Machine at the Wrocław Diocese Webpage .
  2. ^ Oskar Halecki, W: F. Reddaway, J. H. Penson, The Cambridge History of Poland, Cambridge University Press, page 100.
  3. ^ Sebastian Piotr Bartos, Negotiations of Power in a Medieval Society: Ecclesiastical Authority and Secular Rulership in Little Poland, 1177-1320,ProQuest, 2008. page 165.
  4. ^ Anne Duggan, Nobles and Nobility in Medieval Europe: Concepts, Origins, Transformations. Boydell & Brewer Ltd,2000 page 124 & 103.
  5. ^ Richard W. Unger, Jakub Basista, Britain and Poland-Lithuania: Contact and Comparison from the Middle Ages.BRILL, 2008 page 72.
  6. ^ The Church of the Holy Cross.
  7. ^ tourist routes in Wroclaw.
Religious titles
Preceded by
Thomas I
Bishop of Wrocław
1270–1292
Succeeded by
Johann III Romka