Thomas Henry Smith (poet)

Thomas Henry Smith (22 November 1824 – 23 September 1907) of Auckland was an English-born New Zealand Native Land Court Judge and poet.[1] He is best known for the Māori language translation of "God Defend New Zealand", one of the two national anthems of New Zealand, which he wrote at the request of Governor George Edward Grey.[2]

Thomas Henry Smith
Thomas Henry Smith NZ.JPG
Born22 November 1824
Stroud, Gloucestershire, England, United Kingdom
Died23 September 1907 (aged 83)
Colony of New Zealand
OccupationJudge, poet
NationalityNew Zealander
CitizenshipBritish(1824-1842), Kiwi-New Zealander(1842-1907)
Notable worksGod Defend New Zealand
SpouseElizabeth Koka Fuloon; Dorcas Sophia Baker

Early lifeEdit

Smith was born at Stroud, Gloucestershire, England.[3] After his formal education he worked at a Land Surveying and Architecture office in Romford, Essex. In 1842, he went to New Zealand after being offered a cadetship by the New Zealand Company's surveying staff.[1]


  1. ^ a b "Mr. Thomas Henry Smith of New Zealand". New Zealand Electronic Text Collection. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
  2. ^ "History of God Defend New Zealand". Ministry for Culture and Heritage, New Zealand. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
  3. ^ "Thomas Henry Smith". Retrieved 2 September 2016.