Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Ardglass

Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Ardglass, 11 June 1594 to 20 November 1653, was an English nobleman, son of Edward Cromwell, 3rd Baron Cromwell and his second wife Frances Rugge.[1][2]

Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Ardglass
Earl of Ardglass.jpg
Thomas Cromwell Earl of Ardglass (1594-1653)
Tenure1645–1653
SuccessorWingfield Cromwell, 2nd Earl of Ardglass
Other titles1st Viscount Lecale
4th Baron Cromwell
Known forEnglish nobleman
BornThomas Cromwell
11 June 1594
Died20 November 1653(1653-11-20) (aged 59)
Tickencote, Rutland
BuriedSt Peter's Church, Tickencote
NationalityEnglish
Wars and battlesWars of the Three Kingdoms
Spouse(s)Elizabeth Meverell
IssueWingfield Cromwell, 2nd Earl of Ardglass (1624-1668)
Vere Essex Cromwell, 4th Earl of Ardglass (1625-1687)
Mary Cromwell (died 1676)
ParentsEdward Cromwell, 3rd Baron Cromwell
Frances Rugge

Personal detailsEdit

Thomas Cromwell was born 11 June 1594, eldest son of Edward Cromwell, 3rd Baron Cromwell (1560-1607) and his second wife Frances Rugge (1563-1631). He had two sisters, Frances (1595-1662) and Anne (1597-1639), as well as a half sister from his father's first marriage, Elizabeth (born before 1593).[1]

CareerEdit

Edward Cromwell escaped punishment for his role in Essex's Rebellion of 1601 but debt forced him to exchange his estates in England for lands in Ulster, which had been confiscated after the end of Tyrone's Rebellion. He succeeded as 4th Baron Cromwell after his father died in Downpatrick on 24 September 1607 and was created 1st Viscount Lecale in the Peerage of Ireland, on 22 November 1624.[3]

A supporter of Charles I of England during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, he was Colonel of Lord Cromwell's Troop of Horse, raised as part of the Royal Irish Army in 1640.[4] In return for his service, he was created 1st Earl of Ardglass, in the Peerage of Ireland, on 15 April 1645; he was subsequently fined £460 by the Committee for Compounding with Delinquents set up by Parliament.[2]

Marriage and issueEdit

He married Elizabeth Meverell (died 1651), daughter and heiress of Robert Meverell of Ilam, Staffordshire, and of Throwley Old Hall, Staffordshire (died 5 February 1627/1628) and Elizabeth Fleming, both buried at Blore, Staffordshire, the daughter of Sir Thomas Fleming, Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench, and had three children:[2][5]

He and his wife both died in 1653 and were buried at St Peter's Church, Tickencote, Rutland, and his last will, dated 26 March 1653, was probated in 1661.[2]

ArmsEdit

Coat of arms of Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Ardglass
 
Crest
On a Chapeau Gules turned up Ermine a Pelican Or guttée Azure vulning herself proper
Escutcheon
Quarterly per fess indented Or and Azure four Lions passant counterchanged
Supporters
On either side a Bull Gules winged Argent crined and hoofed Or
Motto
Semi mortuus qui timet [6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Lee 1888, pp. 151–152.
  2. ^ a b c d Cokayne 1910, pp. 192–194.
  3. ^ Cokayne 1913, pp. 558–559.
  4. ^ "Lord Cromwell's Troop of Horse". BCW Project. Retrieved 15 October 2021.
  5. ^ Burke 1866, p. 147.
  6. ^ "Ardglass, Earl of (I, 1645 - 1687)". Cracroft's Peerage. Retrieved 16 October 2019.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit

Peerage of Ireland
New creation Earl of Ardglass
1645–1653
Succeeded by
Viscount Lecale
1624–1653
Peerage of England
Preceded by Baron Cromwell
1607–1653
Succeeded by