Thomas Abney

Sir Thomas Abney (January 1640 – 6 February 1722) was a merchant and banker who served as Lord Mayor of London for the year 1700 to 1701.

Thomas Abney
Sir Thomas Abney, 1640-1722.jpg
BornJanuary 1640 Edit this on Wikidata
Willesley Edit this on Wikidata
Died6 February 1722 Edit this on Wikidata (aged 81–82)
London Edit this on Wikidata
Position heldLord Mayor of London Edit this on Wikidata

Abney was the son of James Abney and was born in Willesley, then in Derbyshire but now in Leicestershire. He was the younger brother of Edward Abney, later MP for Leicester. He was educated at Loughborough Grammar School, where a house is named after him.

Abney was apprenticed to William Thorogood, citizen & fishmonger of London, on 1 February 1658.[1] In 1668, he took up the Freedom of the Fishmongers Company and also married Sarah Caryl who died in 1698. In 1694 he was one of the original Directors of the Bank of England and was elected a Sheriff of London. He was elected Lord Mayor of London in 1700 and was knighted by William III.[2]

Abney was a pious man, and no business or festivity, was allowed to interrupt his religious observances. It was said that "on the day he became Lord Mayor, he withdrew from the Guildhall after supper, read prayers at home, and then returned to his guests". For thirty-six years he kept Dr Isaac Watts, as his guest and friend, at his mansion at Stoke Newington.[3]

In 1700, Abney married Mary Gunston, who was surprisingly independent. It was Mary Abney who gave his name to Abney Park in Stoke Newington. Abney had a nephew also named Thomas Abney, who was a judge.[4]


  1. ^ C. Webb, London Livery Company Apprentices. Vol. 44. Fishmongers' Company 1614–1800 (London: Society of Genealogists, 2004)
  2. ^ Alfred P Beaven. "'Chronological list of aldermen: 1651-1700', in The Aldermen of the City of London Temp. Henry III - 1912 (London, 1908), pp. 75-119". British History Online. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  3. ^ Walter Thornbury. "'The Lord Mayors of London', in Old and New London: Volume 1 (London, 1878), pp. 396-416". British History Online. Retrieved 16 January 2019.
  4. ^ Stephen, Leslie, ed. (1885). "Abney, Thomas (1640-1722)" . Dictionary of National Biography. 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
Civic offices
Preceded by
Sir Richard Levett
Lord Mayor of London
Succeeded by
Sir William Gore