Thismia is a genus of myco-heterotrophic plants in family Burmanniaceae, first described as a genus in 1845. It is native to East and Southeast Asia, New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand, and the Americas.[4][5]

Thismia rodwayi (Fairy lantern) 2.JPG
Thismia rodwayi
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Dioscoreales
Family: Burmanniaceae
Genus: Thismia
Griff., 1844[1][2]

See text

  • Ophiomeris Miers
  • Sarcosiphon Blume
  • Tribrachys Champ. ex Thwaites not valid
  • Myostoma Miers
  • Bagnisia Becc.
  • Rodwaya F.Muell. not valid
  • Triscyphus Taub.
  • Glaziocharis Taub. ex Warm.
  • Triurocodon Schltr.
  • Mamorea de la Sota


  1. ^ Griffith W. (1844). "On the root parasites referred by authors to Rhizantheae and their allies". Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London 1: 216-221. page 221.
  2. ^ "Genus: Thismia Griff". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area. Archived from the original on 2011-06-06. Retrieved 2010-05-09.
  3. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant families
  4. ^ McLennan, EI (1958). "Thismia rodwayi F. Muell. and its endophyte". Australian Journal of Botany. 6 (1): 25. doi:10.1071/BT9580025. ISSN 0067-1924.
  5. ^ Govaerts, R., Wilkin, P. & Saunders, R.M.K. (2007). World Checklist of Dioscoreales. Yams and their allies: 1-65. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  6. ^ Rodkin, Dennis (September 22, 1994). "Searching for Thismia". Chicago Reader. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
  7. ^ a b c d Chantanaorrapint, S. 2008. A new species of the genus Thismia (Thismiaceae) from Thailand is described and illustrated. Blumea - Biodiversity, Evolution and Biogeography of Plants 53(3); 524-526
  8. ^ Hroneš, M.; Kobrlová, L.; Taraška, V.; Popelka, O.; Hédl, R.; Sukri, R. S.; Metali, F.; Dančák, M. (2015). "Thismia brunneomitra, another new species of Thismia (Thismiaceae) from Ulu Temburong, Brunei Darussalam". Phytotaxa. 234 (2): 172–178. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.234.2.7.
  9. ^ a b c "Thismia". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government, Canberra. Retrieved 2010-05-09.
  10. ^ a b "[Botany • 2020] Thismia ornata & T. coronata (Thismiaceae) • Two New Species from Sarawak, Borneo".
  11. ^ Dančák, M.; Hroneš, M.; Sochor, M.; Kobrlová, L.; Hédl, R.; Hrázský, Z.; Vildomcová, A.; Sukri, R. S.; Metali, F. (2013). "A new species of Thismia (Thismiaceae) from Brunei Darussalam, Borneo". Phytotaxa. 125 (1): 33–39. CiteSeerX doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.125.1.5.
  12. ^ Mar, Shek Shing; Saunders, Richard (4 February 2015). "Thismia hongkongensis (Thismiaceae): a new mycoheterotrophic species from Hong Kong, China, with observations on floral visitors and seed dispersal". PhytoKeys (46): 21–33. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.46.8963. PMC 4391955. PMID 25878547.
  13. ^ Sochor, M.; Sukri, R.S.; Metali, F.; Dančák, M. (2017). "Thismia inconspicua (Thismiaceae), a new mycoheterotrophic species from Borneo". Phytotaxa. 295 (3): 263–270. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.295.3.7.
  14. ^ Thismia jianfenglingensis (Thismiaceae), a new species of fairy lantern from Hainan Island, China
  15. ^ Hunt, C.; Steenbeeke, G.; Merck, V. (2013). "Thismia megalongensis (Thismiaceae), a new species of Thismia from New South Wales". Telopea: 165–174. doi:10.7751/telopea20147809.
  16. ^ HIROKAZU, TSUKAYA; TSUKAYA HIROKAZU; TSUKAYA HIROKAZU; OKADA HIROSHI (2005). "Thismia mullerensis (Burmanniaceae), a New Species from Muller Range, Central Kalimantan". APG Act Phytotaxono Geobot. 56 (2): 129–133.
  17. ^ Kumar, P.; Gale, S.W.; Li, J.; Bouamanivong, S.; Fischer, G.A. (2017). "Thismia nigricoronata, a new species of Burmanniaceae (Thismieae, Dioscoreales) from Vang Vieng, Vientiane Province, Laos, and a key to subgeneric classification". Phytotaxa. 319 (3): 225–240. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.319.3.2.
  18. ^ Maas, H.; Maas, P. J. M. (1987). "A new Thismia (Burmanniaceae) from French Guiana. '". Brittonia. 39 (3): 376–378. doi:10.2307/2807137. JSTOR 2807137. S2CID 85337800.
  19. ^ Vaughan, Adam (10 July 2021). "Strange new fairy lantern plant is already critically endangered". New Scientist.
  20. ^ Sheng-Zehn Yang; Richard M. K. Saunders; Chung-Jou Hsu (July 2002). "Thismia taiwanensis sp. nov. (Burmanniaceae tribe Thismieae): First Record of the Tribe in China". Systematic Botany. 27 (3): 485–488. doi:10.1043/0363-6445-27.3.485 (inactive 31 October 2021). JSTOR 3093956.CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of October 2021 (link)
  21. ^ New plant species resembling owl discovered in Tak