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Thermus is a genus of thermophilic bacteria. It is one of several bacteria belonging to the Deinococcus–Thermus group. It includes the following species:[1][2][3]

Thermus
Thermus aquaticus.JPG
Thermus aquaticus
Scientific classification
Domain:
Phylum:
Class:
Order:
Family:
Genus:
Thermus

Brock & Freeze, 1969

PhylogenyEdit

The currently accepted taxonomy is based on the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN) [18] and National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI)[19] and the phylogeny is based on 16S rRNA-based LTP release 132 by 'The All-Species Living Tree' Project.[20]


T. oshimai Williams et al. 1996

T. filiformis Hudson et al. 1987

T. thermophilus (ex Oshima and Imahori 1974) Manaia et al. 1995

T. composti Vajna et al. 2012

T. antranikianii Chung et al. 2000

T. scotoductus Kristjansson et al. 1994

T. caliditerrae Ming et al. 2014

T. tengchongensis Yu et al. 2013

T. brockianus Williams et al. 1995

T. igniterrae Chung et al. 2000

T. aquaticus Brock and Freeze 1969

T. arciformis Zhang et al. 2010

T. islandicus Bjornsdottir et al. 2009

Note:
* Strains found at the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) but not listed in the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Brock TD & Freeze H (1969). "Thermus aquaticus, a Nonsporulating Extreme Thermophile". J. Bacteriol. 98 (1): 289–97. PMC 249935. PMID 5781580.
  2. ^ Chung, A. P.; Rainey, F. A.; Valente, M.; Nobre, M. F.; da Costa, M. S. (2000). "Thermus igniterrae sp. nov. and Thermus antranikianii sp. nov., two new species from Iceland". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 50 (1): 209–217. doi:10.1099/00207713-50-1-209. ISSN 1466-5026. PMID 10826806.
  3. ^ LSPN. "Thermus". www.bacterio.net. Retrieved 2016-03-10.
  4. ^ Yu, Tian-Tian; Park, Dong-Jin; Hozzein, Wael N.; Kim, Chang-Jin; Wadaan, Mohammed A. M.; Ming, Hong; Li, Wen-Jun; Yao, Ji-Cheng; Zhou, En-Min (2015-08-01). "Thermus amyloliquefaciens sp. nov., isolated from a hot spring sediment sample". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 65 (8): 2491–2495. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.000289. PMID 25920724.
  5. ^ a b Chung, A. P.; Rainey, F. A.; Valente, M.; Nobre, M. F.; Costa, M. S. da (2000-01-01). "Thermus igniterrae sp. nov. and Thermus antranikianii sp. nov., two new species from Iceland". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 50 (1): 209–217. doi:10.1099/00207713-50-1-209. PMID 10826806.
  6. ^ Brock, Thomas D.; Freeze, Hudson (1969-04-01). "Thermus aquaticus gen. n. and sp. n., a Nonsporulating Extreme Thermophile". Journal of Bacteriology. 98 (1): 289–297. ISSN 0021-9193. PMC 249935. PMID 5781580.
  7. ^ Zhang, X. Q.; Ying, Y.; Ye, Y.; Xu, X. W.; Zhu, X. F.; Wu, M. (2010-04-01). "Thermus arciformis sp. nov., a thermophilic species from a geothermal area". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 60 (4): 834–839. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.007690-0. PMID 19661520.
  8. ^ WILLIAMS, R. A. D.; SMITH, K. E.; WELCH, S. G.; MICALLEF, J.; SHARP, R. J. (1995-07-01). "DNA Relatedness of Thermus Strains, Description of Thermus brockianus sp. nov., and Proposal To Reestablish Thermus thermophilus (Oshima and Imahori)". International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology. 45 (3): 495–499. doi:10.1099/00207713-45-3-495. PMID 8590676.
  9. ^ Ming, H.; Yin, Y.-R.; Li, S.; Nie, G.-X.; Yu, T.-T.; Zhou, E.-M.; Liu, L.; Dong, L.; Li, W.-J. (2014-02-01). "Thermus caliditerrae sp. nov., a novel thermophilic species isolated from a geothermal area". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 64 (Pt 2): 650–656. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.056838-0. PMID 24158953.
  10. ^ TENREIRO, S.; NOBRE, M. F.; COSTA, M. S. DA (1995-10-01). "Thermus silvanus sp. nov. and Thermus chliarophilus sp. nov., Two New Species Related to Thermus ruber but with Lower Growth Temperatures". International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology. 45 (4): 633–639. doi:10.1099/00207713-45-4-633. PMID 7547281.
  11. ^ Vajna, B.; Kanizsai, S.; Keki, Z.; Marialigeti, K.; Schumann, P.; Toth, E. M. (2012-07-01). "Thermus composti sp. nov., isolated from oyster mushroom compost". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 62 (Pt 7): 1486–1490. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.030866-0. PMID 21856987.
  12. ^ Hudson, J. A.; Morgan, H. W.; Daniel, R. M. (1987-01-01). "Thermus filiformis sp. nov., a Filamentous Caldoactive Bacterium". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 37 (4): 431–436. doi:10.1099/00207713-37-4-431.
  13. ^ Bjornsdottir, Snaedis H.; Petursdottir, Solveig K.; Hreggvidsson, Gudmundur O.; Skirnisdottir, Sigurlaug; Hjorleifsdottir, Sigridur; Arnfinnsson, Johann; Kristjansson, Jakob K. (2009-01-01). "Thermus islandicus sp. nov., a mixotrophic sulfur-oxidizing bacterium isolated from the Torfajokull geothermal area". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 59 (12): 2962–2966. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.007013-0. PMID 19628590.
  14. ^ WILLIAMS, RALPH A. D.; SMITH, KELVIN E.; WELCH, SIMON G.; MICALLEF, JANICE (1996-01-01). "Thermus oshimai sp. nov., Isolated from Hot Springs in Portugal, Iceland, and the Azores, and Comment on the Concept of a Limited Geographical Distribution of Thermus Species". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 46 (2): 403–408. doi:10.1099/00207713-46-2-403. PMID 8934898.
  15. ^ Kristjánsson, Jakob; Hjörleifsdóttir, Sigrídur; Marteinsson, Viggó; Alfredsson, Gudni (1994). "Thermus scotoductus, sp. nov., a Pigment-Producing Thermophilic Bacterium from Hot Tap Water in Iceland and Including Thermus sp. X-1". Systematic and Applied Microbiology. 17 (1): 44–50. doi:10.1016/S0723-2020(11)80030-5.
  16. ^ Yu, Tian-Tian; Yao, Ji-Cheng; Ming, Hong; Yin, Yi-Rui; Zhou, En-Min; Liu, Min-Jiao; Tang, Shu-Kun; Li, Wen-Jun (2013). "Thermus tengchongensis sp. nov., isolated from a geothermally heated soil sample in Tengchong, Yunnan, south-west China". Antonie van Leeuwenhoek. 103 (3): 513–518. doi:10.1007/s10482-012-9833-9. PMID 23104072.
  17. ^ Manaia, Célia M.; Hoste, Bart; Carmen Gutierrez, M.; Gillis, Monique; Ventosa, Antonio; Kersters, Karel; Da Costa, Milton S. (1995-02-01). "Halotolerant Thermus Strains from Marine and Terrestrial Hot Springs Belong to Thermus thermophilus (ex Oshima and Imahori, 1974) nom. rev. emend". Systematic and Applied Microbiology. 17 (4): 526–532. doi:10.1016/S0723-2020(11)80072-X.
  18. ^ J.P. Euzéby. "Deinococcus–Thermus". List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN). Retrieved 2018-07-20.
  19. ^ Sayers; et al. "Deinococcus–Thermus". National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) taxonomy database. Retrieved 2018-07-20.
  20. ^ "16S rRNA-based LTP release 132 (full tree)". All-Species Living Tree Project. Silva Comprehensive Ribosomal RNA Database. Retrieved 2018-07-20.