Christella normalis

  (Redirected from Thelypteris kunthii)

Christella normalis, synonym Thelypteris kunthii, sometimes known as Kunth's maiden fern[2] or southern shield fern, is the most common of the maiden ferns in the southeastern United States south of the fall line. It ranges westward to eastern Texas. It usually grows in moist to dry terrestrial situations, but can also be epipetric. It often grows as a greenhouse escape in areas north of its usual range.

Christella normalis
Thelypteris kunthii at Coker Arboretum.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Class: Polypodiopsida
Order: Polypodiales
Suborder: Aspleniineae
Family: Thelypteridaceae
Genus: Christella
C. normalis
Binomial name
Christella normalis
(C.Chr.) Holttum[1]
  • Cyclosorus kunthii (Desv.) Christenh.
  • Dryopteris normalis C.Chr.
  • Dryopteris saxatilis (R.P.St.John) M.Broun
  • Dryopteris unca (R.P.St.John) M.Broun
  • Filix-mas augescens var. normalis (C.Chr.) Farw.
  • Lastrea kunthii Moore
  • Lastrea normalis (C.Chr.) Copel.
  • Nephrodium kunthii Desv.
  • Nephrodium patens Jenman
  • Thelypteris kunthii (Desv.) C.V.Morton
  • Thelypteris macrorhizoma E.P.St.John
  • Thelypteris normalis (C.Chr.) Moxley
  • Thelypteris saxatilis R.P.St.John
  • Thelypteris unca R.P.St.John


  1. ^ a b Hassler, Michael & Schmitt, Bernd (January 2020). "Christella normalis". Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World. 8.20. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
  2. ^ "Thelypteris kunthii". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 9 December 2015.

Lellinger, David B. A Field Manual of the Ferns & Fern-Allies of the United States & Canada. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. 1985.

External linksEdit

  • Wunderlin, R. P., B. F. Hansen, A. R. Franck, and F. B. Essig. 2019. Atlas of Florida Plants ( [S. M. Landry and K. N. Campbell (application development), USF Water Institute.] Institute for Systematic Botany, University of South Florida, Tampa.