Hot Shots (dance companies)(Redirected from The Rhythm Hot Shots)
The Hot Shots is a collective name for two closely related Swedish dance companies based in Stockholm, Sweden: The Rhythm Hot Shots and the Harlem Hot Shots. The Hot Shots specialize in faithful reproductions of African-American dance scenes in American films from the 1920s, 30s, and 40s. Dances that they perform include Lindy Hop, Tap dance, Cakewalk, Charleston, and Black Bottom. The members of the Hot Shots are also respected dance instructors and accomplished social dancers. The goals of The Rhythm Hot Shots and the Harlem Hot Shots are the same.
The Rhythm Hot ShotsEdit
The Rhythm Hot Shots (TRHS, officially The Rhythm Hot Shots Dance & Show Handelsbolag or TRHS Dance & Show HB) is a Swedish performance dance company founded in 1985 and dissolved in 2002. Members of The Rhythm Hot Shots were instrumental in the 1980s and 90s Lindy Hop revival.
Other dancers, including former members, have performed with The Rhythm Hot Shots on various occasions.
|1990||Harold Nicholas||Come to Broadway (production)|
|1996||Norma Miller||Jumpin´ at the Jubilee (production)|
|1997||Kenneth & Helena Norbelie||Swing Camp Catalina (dance camp)|
|2000||Diane van Haaren (née Thomas)||What is this Thing called Swing? (USA tour)|
|2001||Angela Andrew, Chazz Young||Herräng Swing Bus (Europe tour)|
|2002||Angela Andrew, Chazz Young||Herräng Swing Bus (Europe tour)|
Harlem Hot ShotsEdit
The Harlem Hot Shots (HHS, sometimes spelled Harlem Hotshots) is a Swedish dance company formed in autumn 2002 that includes several members of The Rhythm Hot Shots.
Other dancers, including former members of the Hot Shots, have performed with the Harlem Hot Shots on various occasions.
|2003||Ria DeBiase||Spirit of Swing (USA/Canada tour)|
|2004||Angela Andrew, Mike Faltesek||Herräng Swing Bus (Europe tour)|
Anders Lind began studying at the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) in Stockholm, Sweden in 1978 and became interested in swing dance as a student. He became a member of the Swedish Swing Society (SSS, formed in 1978), a dance club that originally focused on competition and show. The Swedish Swing Society initially recruited dancers from Lasse Kühlers dance school. So when Lennart Westerlund started to dance at Lasse Kühlers dance school in 1980, he was recruited into the Swedish Swing Society in 1981, where he met Anders Lind. Lennart Westerlund, Catrine Lunggren, Anders Lind, and Lena Ramberg started to dance together in a small performance group as a part of the Swedish Swing Society in 1983.
Anders Lind became interested in searching for the history of the dance and in autumn 1983, he found a copy of "Jazz Dance: The Story of American Vernacular Dance" by Marshall and Jean Stearns in an unknown library in Dansmuseet (dance museum). Excited about the discovery, he copied three chapters of the book and handed them out to his fellow SSS members. Prior to finding "Jazz Dance", everyone believed that Jitterbug was a dance that originated from the 1940s. They learned from the book that Jitterbug was originally called Lindy Hop and originated in Harlem, NY during the end of the 1920s.
At the age of 15, Eddie Jansson and Eva Lagerqvist started dancing at Lasse Kühlers dance school, where they met each other in 1983. After one year at the dance school, they joined the Swedish Swing Society. Eddie and Eva and another couple formed a group called Dance Freaks in spring 1984. Dance Freaks performed together one time before splitting up.
"Jazz Dance" listed several films that included Lindy Hop sequences. When A Day at the Races was shown in a theater in Stockholm, Anders and Lennart went to watch the movie. They found the dance sequences so exciting that they returned with a video camera to record all of the dance scenes. When Hellzapoppin' was shown at the KTH student theatre, they were in awe by the dancing in the film. The speed, acrobatics, and skill of the dancers was like nothing they had ever seen before. They started discussing a trip to New York City to find someone who could teach them how to dance the same way.
In April 1984, Anders Lind, Lennert Westerlund, and Henning Sörensen (Secretary for the Swedish Swing Society) travelled to New York City seeking Al Minns, a surviving member of Whitey's Lindy Hoppers that Anders had found in "Jazz Dance". While in Stockholm, Anders Lind had found a copy of the New York City yellow pages and torn out the pages listing dance schools. When they arrived in NYC, Anders Lind decided to call the dance schools that taught Lindy Hop. As luck would have it, the first dance school he called also happened to be the one that Al Minns taught it. They ended up meeting Al Minns two days later at a nightclub.
Count Basie had just died and his band members as well as the artists and dancers that had worked with him had planned a memorial dance in his honor at The Red Parrot, a nightclub in New York City. Anders Lind learned about the event and the three Swedes showed up at the nightclub and found Al Minns dancing Lindy Hop there. Al Minns had started teaching at Sandra Cameron Dance Center in 1982 and invited them to his dance class. Anders Lind also took the opportunity to take some classes with Norma Miller. When they returned to Sweden, Henning recommended to the board members of the Swedish Swing Society to invite Al Minns to Stockholm to teach and give lectures. Despite having a fear of flying, Al Minns traveled to Sweden in October 1984 for a 5-day workshop and brought a different approach to the dance with him. He told them to "Forget counting, just listen!"
During the summer of 1984, the Swedish Swing Society arranged for the SSS performance group to perform for a few shows during the Stockholm Jazz Festival. The group asked Eddie and Eva to join them and for their first performance, the three couples performed on the main stage in front of 2000 people while accompanied live by The Harlem Blues & Jazz Band. The performances were very successful and afterwards the three couples considered working together in the future, perhaps at a professional level.
After months of discussion, Lennart Westerlund, Anders Lind, Eddie Jansson, Catrine Ljunggren, Lena Ramberg and Eva Lagerqvist decided to form a dance company in the summer of 1985 when The Harlem Blues & Jazz Band returned to Stockholm. They called themselves The Rhythm Hot Shots. Lennart danced with Catrine, Eddie danced with Eva, and Anders danced with Lena.
Al Minns was invited back to Stockholm in 1985 but he became too ill to travel and died on 24 April 1985. From Al Minns, TRHS learned that Frankie Manning, another surviving member of Whitey's Lindy Hoppers, was also living in New York City. In 1986, Lennart contacted Frankie Manning and in 1987, invited Frankie to Sweden for the first time to work with the dance company.
Before Frankie Manning visited Sweden, The Rhythm Hot Shots had learned how to Lindy Hop by watching old movies in slow motion, such as Hellzapoppin' and A Day at the Races. They would spend four hours watching a film clip on TV just to learn one or two dance steps. They trained together intensively six days a week for several hours. When Frankie Manning visited Sweden in 1987, he stayed for two weeks. At that time, Lena had left the dance company and Ewa Staremo partnered Anders. Since two members of TRHS now had first names that were pronounced the same way – Eva Lagerqvist and Ewa Staremo – Frankie nicknamed Ewa Staremo "W" to quickly differentiate the two. The members of TRHS had regular day jobs so during the first week of Frankie's visit, they met after work at around 16:00 or 17:00 and worked together for four to five hours every night. During the second week, they moved to Herräng, where the Swedish Swing Society had been holding a small dance camp, the Herräng Dance Camp, since 1982. They stayed and practiced in Folkets Hus, the community center in Herräng. During those two weeks, TRHS learned for the first time how to social dance.
In 1989, TRHS became involved with organizing the Herräng Dance Camp with the Swedish Swing Society. They invited Frankie Manning back to Sweden to teach at the dance camp, where he has returned to every year since then.
During the 1990s, TRHS achieved international fame and traveled worldwide to perform and teach at dance camps and workshops in North America, Europe, Asia, and Oceania. The Lindy Hop routine from Hellzapoppin' that they had originally learned in the early 1980s became their hallmark routine that they both performed and taught internationally.
Members of TRHS were the first international instructors to teach Lindy Hop in the former Soviet Union. On 5 April 2000, Lennart Westerlund, Catrine Lunggren, Mattias Lunmark, Åsa Palm, and Hanna Zetterman traveled to St Petersburg, Russia to help introduce Lindy Hop to 15 to 20 Russian dancers during a six-day workshop made possible by a grant from the Swedish Institute. All of the Russian dancers who attended the workshop were then awarded scholarships to attend the Herräng Dance Camp during the summer of 2000. Since then, Lindy Hop has spread to Ukraine and Lithuania.
During the late 1990s/early 2000s, several new members joined TRHS while some older members became inactive and no longer performed or taught classes, but were still members of the dance company. The 2002 Herräng Dance Camp, which TRHS owned, almost ended in bankruptcy. In autumn 2002, The Rhythm Hot Shots dance company was dissolved. The Rhythm Hot Shots Dance & Show Handelsbolag (organisationsnr 969607-7073) was unregistered and in 2004, "The Rhythm Hot Shots" trademark was transferred from The Rhythm Hot Shots Dance & Show Handelsbolag to Lennart Westerlund, Catrine Ljunggren, Eddie Jansson, Ulrika Larsdotter Ericsson, and Eva Lagerqvist Jansson.
The Harlem Hot Shots was formed by active members of TRHS in autumn 2002. Individuals who did not become members of the Harlem Hot Shots – such as Catrine Ljunggren, Eddie Jansson, Eva Lagerqvist Jansson, and Ulrika Larsdotter Ericsson – continue to teach and perform worldwide. For example, in 2006, Catrine Ljunggren helped organize the first international Lindy Hop festival in Buenos Aires, Argentina. The dance camp ran from December 1 to 3 and was so successful that it is planned to be repeated again in December 2007.
Swedish Swing SocietyEdit
The Swedish Swing Society (SSS) is a non-profit dance organization in Stockholm, Sweden that teaches Lindy Hop and other swing related dances. As the major swing dance society in Stockholm, most swing dancers have been a member of the SSS, and the Hot Shots are no exception. The Hot Shots and SSS have had a very close relationship from the beginning of the Hot Shots, with cross-memberships in both organizations. For example, the founders of The Rhythm Hot Shots were also members of the SSS. Almost all of the Hot Shots are either current or past members of the SSS, as well as current or past instructors for the SSS, such as Lena Ramberg, Frida Segerdahl, and Sakarias Larsson.
Some of the Hot Shots have been elected as honorary members of the SSS: Lennart Westerlund (1990-11-14), Anita Kankimäki (1993-11-27), and Anders Lind (1998-11-21). Other honorary SSS members that were important in the history of the Hot Shots include Lasse Kühler and Henning Sörensen (1998-11-21).
Herräng Dance CampEdit
The Rhythm Hot Shots hosted the annual Herräng Dance Camp from 1989 until 2002, a dance camp in Herräng, Sweden that attracts students and teachers from all over the world. Since the 2003 dance camp, Lorenz Ilg (originator of Swing City) and members of the Harlem Hot Shots (Fatima Teffahi, Frida Segerdahl, Daniel Heedman, and Lennart Westerlund) organize and run the Herräng Dance Camp.
For several years The Rhythm Hot Shots and later the Harlem Hot Shots ran Jesses Jassklubb (also known as Jesses Jazzklubb, Jesses Jazz Club, Jesse's Jazz Club), a swing dance party held every Wednesday evening during the autumn and spring months. The autumn program was typically from September to early December and the spring program was from late January to late May. From 18:30 to 19:30, there was a drop-in beginner Lindy Hop dance lesson with members of TRHS/HHS and from 20:00 to 23:00 there was a swing/jazz band with DJed music between band breaks.
Jesses Jassklubb was named after its founder, Jens "Jesse" Lindgren (trombone player in Kustbandet and other bands). According to Jens Lindgren, the word "jazz" was spelled with s instead of z because originally it was spelled "jass" in New Orleans, and it helped emphasize the type of music played at the club.
For more than 11 years, Jesses Jassklubb was located at Mariahissen, Pryssgränd 14 in central Stockholm. The Mariahissen location featured a medium-sized hardwood dance floor, minimal food service, and a beautiful view of Gamla stan. On 14 April 2004 Jesses Jassklubb was held at the Mariahissen location for the last time. On 2 June 2004, Jesses Jassklubb reopened again at Hornsgatan 75, Stockholm, the current location of the Chicago Swing Dance Studio. However, the jazz club had to immediately close again since the Hornsgatan location needed additional sound insulation before another dance could be held. When the Wednesday night dances started again in autumn at a different location, the name changed to Zacke's Jazz Corner.
Zacke's Jazz CornerEdit
On 8 September 2004, the Harlem Hot Shots continued the tradition of Wednesday night swing dances at a new location: Garant festvåning, Varvsgatan 14, Stockholm with Hasse Ling and his Syncopators of Swing. This new dance location become known as Zacke's Jazz Corner and was named after Sakarias Larsson, one of the founders of the Harlem Hot Shots. When the dances were moved to Chicago Swing Dance Studio at Hornsgatan 75 on 16 February 2005, they were originally referred to as "Jesses, Zackes, Savoy, or whatever you want to call it." Zacke's Jazz Corner was the name that prevailed and is used today to refer to the Wednesday night swing dances at Chicago.
In March 2004, Lennart Westerlund took over the contract for Hornsgatan 75 in central Stockholm, originally the location of a movie theater by the name of Chicago (from 1907 to mid-1960s). When members of the Harlem Hot Shots took over the locale, they slowly remodeled and created a dance studio with an old-fashioned nightclub atmosphere called Chicago Swing Dance Studio. The locale is 350 m2 with a dance floor that is approximately 180 m2 and includes an office, storage area, kitchen, rest rooms, and a sitting area.
Chicago Swing Dance Studio opened in May 2004 for dance classes in Lindy Hop, tap dance, and classic jazz dance. Other dances that have also been taught include Salsa, Tango Argentino, and West African dance.
The Herräng Dance Camp office moved from Vetegatan 5 to Hornsgatan 75 in the summer of 2004.
When the HHS attempted to move Jesses Jassklubb to Hornsgatan 75 on 2 June 2004, it became apparent that additional sound insulation was needed before more dances could be held there. During the summer and autumn of 2004, the HHS increased the sound insulation, added ventilation, and redesigned the interior of the locale. Jesses Jassklubb, which had during autumn 2004 become known as Zacke's Jazz Corner, moved back to Hornsgatan 75 on 16 February 2005.
The following is a list of the vintage routines that the Hot Shots have performed.
|The Three Chefs||The Three Chefs||Tap dance||Be Careful by Barry Paige||Breakfast in Rhythm (soundie)||1943|
|Hellzapoppin', aka California Routine||Whitey's Lindy Hoppers||Lindy Hop||Jumpin' at the Woodside by Count Basie||Hellzapoppin'||1941|
|One Man Dance||Five Blazers, aka Five Hot Shots||Tap dance||Black Beauty by Duke Ellington||Black and Tan Fantasy||1929|
|?||Fredi Washington||1920s Charleston||Cotton Club Stomp by Duke Ellington||Black and Tan Fantasy||1929|
The Hot Shots seldom enter dance competitions as their primary objective is dance performances. On occasion, members of the group compete, sometimes with partners that are not members of the Hots Shots. Some members act as judges at Lindy Hop competitions and thus do not compete.
|2007-10-25 to 2007-10-28||Stamford, Connecticut||American Lindy Hop Championships||
|2007-09-27 to 2007-09-30||St. Paul, Minnesota||Ultimate Lindy Hop Showdown||
|2007-08-05||Stockholm, Sweden||The Battle||
|2006-11-23 to 2006-11-26||Anaheim, California||US Open Swing Dance Championships||
|2006-10-13 to 2006-10-15||Stamford, Connecticut||American Lindy Hop Championships||
|2006-09-14 to 2006-09-17||St. Paul, Minnesota||Ultimate Lindy Hop Showdown||
|2006-07-30||Stockholm, Sweden||The Battle||
|2005-10-20 to 2005-10-23||Stamford, Connecticut||American Lindy Hop Championships||
|2005-09-16 to 2005-09-18||St. Paul, Minnesota||Ultimate Lindy Hop Showdown||
|2004-10-08 to 2004-10-09||New York City, New York||Hellzapoppin' US Nationals||
|2004-09-24 to 2004-09-26||St. Paul, Minnesota||Ultimate Lindy Hop Showdown||
|2003-08-14 to 2003-08-17||St. Paul, Minnesota||Ultimate Lindy Hop Showdown||
|2003-06-14||New York City, New York||Harlem Jazz Dance Festival's Hellzapoppin'||
|2002-08-09||Stockholm, Sweden||World Lindy Hop Championship||
|2002-05-18 to 2002-05-19||Karlstad, Sweden||Swedish Championship Lindy Hop||
|1997-08-11||Stockholm, Sweden||World Lindy Hop Championship||
|1997-04-05||Kista, Sweden||Al Minns Cup||
|1996||Sweden||Swedish Championship Lindy Hop||
|1995||Oslo, Norway||World Lindy Hop Championship||
|1995||Sweden||Swedish Championship Lindy Hop||
|1993||Sweden||Swedish Championship Lindy Hop||
Musicals and theatrical productionsEdit
|2005-11-27||HHS||Blue House Jazz with Jan Lundgren Trio & Andreas Pettersson Quartet||Konserthuset, Stockholm, Sweden|
|2005-11-24 to 2005-11-30||HHS||Children's Shows: The dance that disappeared||Rosenlundsteatern, Stockholm, Sweden|
|2005-11-06||TRHS & HHS||20 Years with the Hot Shots||Södra Teatern, Stockholm, Sweden|
|2005-03-16 to 2005-03-17||HHS||S.W.I.N.G - stratospheric dance show from the days of guys and dolls||Rosenlundsteatern, Stockholm, Sweden|
|2005||HHS||Harlem en Douce France||Rosenlundsteatern, Stockholm, Sweden|
|2004-12-10||HHS||Gunhild Carling Varieté||Lunds Stadsteater, Lund, Sweden|
|2004-12-04||HHS||A Spectacular Concert by Swing That Music with Harlem Hot Shots||Dieselverkstaden, Stockholm, Sweden|
|2004||HHS||Hollywood Goes Black and Tan||Sweden tour|
|2004-05||HHS||Jazz Dance - den sanna historien||Chicago Swing Dance Studio, Stockholm, Sweden|
|2003-05-02 to 2003-06-16||HHS||Spirit of Swing||USA/Canada tour|
|2003||HHS||Swing Is the Thing||Sweden tour|
|2003-04||HHS||Black Beauty||Konserthuset, Stockholm, Sweden|
|2002-11||TRHS||The Great Swing Party||Sweden tour|
|2002||TRHS||Swing Time||Nalen, Stockholm, Sweden|
|2000||TRHS||What Is This Thing Called Swing?||Nalen, Stockholm, Sweden|
|1999||TRHS||Swing||Teater Replica, Stockholm, Sweden|
|1998||TRHS||Hep to the Jive||Komediteatern, Stockholm, Sweden|
|1996||TRHS||Jumpin' at the Jubilee||Södra Teatern, Stockholm, Sweden|
|1994||TRHS||Hello Dolly||Skandiateatern, Norrköping, Sweden|
|1993||TRHS||Jublar Anamma||Skandiateatern, Norrköping, Sweden|
|1990||TRHS||Come to Broadway||Södra Teatern, Stockholm, Sweden|
|2004||HHS||Herräng Swing Bus||Europe tour|
|2003-01||HHS||Bugle Call Rag||Century Ballroom, Seattle, Washington|
|2002||TRHS||Herräng Swing Bus||Europe tour|
|2001||TRHS||Herräng Swing Bus||Europe tour|
|1997||TRHS||KappAhl Clothes||Stepp in (tap dance in)|
|1996||TRHS||KappAhl Clothes||Julfilmen (the Christmas movie)|
|1991||TRHS||Arla Milk||Mjölk ger starka ben (milk gives strong bones/legs)|
|1996||TRHS||Winner of the Frankie Award for Everlasting Work to Preserve and Spread the African-American Dance Culture||Munich, Germany|
|1994||TRHS||Winners of the Feather Award for Most Outstanding Global Swing Dancers||Beverly Hills, California, United States|
|1992||TRHS||Winner of Amateur Night||Apollo Theater, Harlem, New York, United States|
News and documentariesEdit
|2007-07-02 07:45||HHS||SVT1||Gomorron Sverige||"Lindy Hop i studion med Lindy Hop-dansare från världens största swingdansläger i Herräng." (Lindy Hop in the studio with Lindy Hop dancers from the world's largest swing dance camp in Herräng.) Interview and performance with Daniel Heedman & Åsa Palm. (11:20)|
|2007-07-01 19:30||HHS||SVT1||Rapport||"Dansfestival i Herräng i fem veckor." (Five week dance festival in Herräng.) Herräng Dance Camp celebrates 25 years. Interview with Lennart Westerland plus dancers from around the world. Reporter: Therese Andersson. (2:30)|
|2006-07-22 08:59||HHS||TV4||Nyhetsmorgon lördag||"Lindy Hop-läger lockar folk från hela världen." (Lindy Hop camp attracts people from the entire world.) Interview with dancers from around the world at the Herräng Dance Camp.|
2005-12-31 17:00 (rerun)
|HHS||SVT1, SVT Europa||Swingen anfaller||Documentary of the Herräng Dance Camp by Svante Grundberg and Jan M. Forsell. Features Frankie Manning, Fayard Nicholas, Sugar Sullivan, Dawn Hampton, Chazz Young, Steven Mitchell, Chester Whitmore and the Harlem Hot Shots. (60:00)|
|2006-03-30||HHS||Arbetarbladet||Lindy hop är livet! (Lindy Hop is the life!)||Catharina Nilsson||Mattias Lundmark and Jenny Deurell from Stockholm are in Tierp to teach 4th and 5th graders to dance Lindy Hop.|
- Hanna Zetterman grew up in Herräng, the home of the Herräng Dance Camp. One year she decided to find out why so many strange people invaded her home town each summer for the dance camp. She has continued to dance since that time.
- Fatima Teffahi is the first member of the Hot Shots whose specialty, tap dance, is not a partner dance.
- The tallest member of the Harlem Hot Shots, Sakarias Larsson (188 cm), dances with the shortest member, Frida Segerdahl.
- In 2005, Sakarias Larsson and Hanna Zetterman were chosen to appear in the first run of Floor Filler, a Swedish reality TV show with dancers competing to be Sweden's most popular dancer. Mattias Lundmark also auditioned but was not chosen as one of the final 24 contestants. Hanna decided to drop out of the show before the first program since the contestants were required to live in a building in downtown Stockholm 24/7 and she instead preferred to continue her education. Sakarias remained in the program for a little longer than four weeks before being eliminated.
- For the 2005 Floor Filler TV show, the competition was judged by the BouncE Streetdance Company, a dance group formed by David Dalmo and other dancers in 1997. Lindy Hop was the second dance featured on Floor Filler and was taught by David Dalmo and Åsa Rickardsson. Not surprisingly, Sakarias and his partner won the Lindy Hop competition and gained immunity from being eliminated from the show that week.
- Members of the Harlem Hot Shots (Frida Segerdahl, Sakarias Larsson, Hanna Zetterman, Mattias Lundmark, Åsa Palm, Daniel Heedman) appeared in the finals of Talang 2007, a Swedish televised talent contest. They revealed during the final episode of Talang 2007 that Hanna and Mattias plus Åsa and Daniel were couples.
- Björnström, Ulrika (May 1998). "På korståg för Lindy Hop". Swingtime (in Swedish). 19: 10–14.
- "Herräng Dance Camp: Teachers: Lennart Westerlund". Archived from the original on 2007-06-18. Retrieved 2007-06-25.
- Jansson, Eddie (2000). "Eva Lagerqvist & Eddie Jansson". Archived from the original on 2001-05-21. Retrieved 2007-06-25.
- "Larry Schultz". Archived from the original on 2007-08-08. Retrieved 2007-07-23.
Manning, Frankie; Cynthia R. Millman (2007). Frankie Manning: Ambassador of Lindy Hop. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Temple University Press. p. 225. ISBN 1-59213-563-3.
In 1982, they [Larry Schultz and Sandra Cameron] had hired Al Minns ... to teach at the Sandra Cameron Dance Center, which, to my knowledge, was the first time that a dance studio brought in one of the original Savoy Lindy hoppers as a teacher.
- Manning, Frankie; Cynthia R Millman (2007). "14: Revival". Frankie Manning: Ambassador of Lindy Hop. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press. ISBN 1-59213-563-3.
"Swing City". City Arts. Season 4. Episode 2. http://www.thirteen.org/cityarts4/week11/my_html/uncut-week11.html. New York. 1999-01-22. Thirteen/WNET.
- Demenkova, Elina; Lennart Westerlund; Andrew Winton (2000). "New Steppes For Russia: The Story of The Rhythm Hot Shots first trip to the heart of the former Soviet Union". Swing Time. Retrieved 2007-07-02.
- Fellers, Jessica. "Jass eller jazz ...?". Swingtime (in Swedish). Swedish Swing Society. 23: 15.
Larsson, Sakarias (2005-02-10). "Nystart- Savoy, Zackes, Jesses". firstname.lastname@example.org (Mailing list) (in Swedish). Retrieved 2005-02-10.
Kalla den Jesses, Zackes, Savoy eller vad ni vill men faktum ar att vi nu äntligen flyttar in i vâr nya lokal.
- "The Harlem Hot Shots". lindypendent.com. 2003. Archived from the original on 2003-06-25. Retrieved 2007-07-05.
- "Talang 2007: Finals". Talang 2007. Season 1. Episode 8 (in Swedish). 2007-06-01. TV4.