The New England Ragtime Ensemble
Conservatory president Gunther Schuller created the 12-member student ensemble in 1972 for a festival of romantic American music, at which the group performed some of Schuller's own editions of orchestrated versions of Joplin's piano rags. These period arrangements from the collection "Standard High-Class Rags", commonly known in early accounts as the Red Backed Book (later shortened to The Red Back Book), had been preserved by New Orleans musician Bill Russell and forwarded to Schuller by pianist and music historian Vera Brodsky Lawrence. In 1973 the group's performance at the Smithsonian Institution led to a recording for Angel Records. Orchestrations for later repertoire included oboe, bassoon, French horn and guitar and banjo, a routine period practice.
"The Red Back Book" earned a Grammy Award for Best Chamber Music Performance of 1973. It spent 54 weeks on Billboard's Top 100 Albums List; 84 weeks on the Top Classical Albums List, including 6 separate appearances at #1; and 12 weeks on the Top Jazz Album List. It was the magazine's Top Classical Album of 1974.
The ensemble's second recording, "More Scott Joplin Rags", spent 26 weeks on the Top Classical list, earning a #7 ranking for 5 weeks.
Beginning in 1973 the ensemble began a tour of major American and Canadian venues, including sold-out performances at Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts, where they would play seven more times; Tanglewood; the Blossom Music Center and the Ravinia Festival; the Newport Music Festival; the Saratoga Performing Arts Center as well as headlining the inaugural Scott Joplin Ragtime Festival in Sedalia, Missouri.
The group continued to concertize extensively after 1974, becoming independent of the conservatory when Schuller left the school in 1977. He expanded their repertoire, adapting existing arrangements as well as arranging and transcribing the music of James Scott, Joseph Lamb, Louis Chauvin, Arthur Marshall, James Reese Europe, Jelly Roll Morton, Zez Confrey and Claude Debussy. Schuller later incorporated contemporary rags by William Albright, Stefan Kozinski, Kenneth Laufer, Rob Carriker, David Reffkin and one of his own compositions, Sandpoint Rag.
Subsequent travel took the ensemble to 38 states and included performances at Symphony Hall, Boston; Alice Tully Hall;Carnegie Hall; the National Academy of Sciences (as part of the Jimmy Carter Inaugural Series); the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts; the Ambassador Auditorium; Louise M. Davies Symphony Hall; the New York Public Library for the Performing Arts at Lincoln Center; and Stanford University, Temple University and UCLA.
They appeared on WGBH-TV and WNAC (now WHDH) in Boston; WETA-TV in Virginia; WTIC-TV in Hartford; KENW (TV), New Mexico; and performed live on NBC Today (Nov. 1, 1974) and A Prairie Home Companion (Jan. 18, 1986).
On November 19, 2018, members of the original ensemble were joined by later players and students for the second annual Gunther Schuller Legacy Concert in Jordan Hall - a joint presentation of New England Conservatory and the Gunther Schuller Society.
The original ensembleEdit
- Charles Lewis (trumpet)
- Victor Sawa (clarinet)
- Ray Cutler (trombone)
- David Reskin (flute and piccolo)
- Gary Ofenloch (tuba)
- Jaki Byard* (piano)
- Mark Belair (drums)
- Juan Ramirez-Hernandez (1st violin)
- Tibor Pusztai (2nd violin)
- Juan Dandridge (viola)
- Bruce Coppock (cello)
- Michael Singer (bass)
(* at the first performance only; Myron Romanul was the pianist for "Scott Joplin: The Red Back Book" and in ensuing concerts)
Other notable playersEdit
- Bo Winiker and Thomas Smith (trumpet)
- Bruce Creditor and Don Byron (clarinet)
- Thomas Foulds, Donald Sanders, Robert Couture and Rick Chamberlain (trombone)
- Stephanie Jutt, Marianne Gedigian and Julia Scolnik (flute and piccolo)
- Rob Carriker, Howard Johnson, Toby Hanks and Harvey Phillips (tuba)
- Christopher O'Riley, John West, Randall Hodgkinson, Stefan Kozinski, Virginia Eskin and Christopher Oldfather (piano)
- Lawrence Fried, Steve Ferrera and George Schuller (drums)
- Amy Teare, Mary O'Reilly, Ann Ourada, Cyrus Stevens, Pattison Story, Susan Carrai and David Reffkin (violin)
- Virginia Izzo and Leonard Matczynski (viola)
- Freya Oberle Samuels, Phoebe Carrai and Shannon Snapp (cello)
- Edwin Barker, Richard Sarpola and Ed Schuller (bass)
- Lynn Jacquin, Barbara Knapp, Sandra Apeseche and Claudia Wann (oboe)
- Judith Bedford, Marlene Mazzuca and Richard Sharp (bassoon)
- George Sullivan, Larry Ragent, Pamela Paikin, William Caballero and Thomas Haunton (French horn)
- Paul Meyers, Marcus Fiorello and Bob Young (guitar and banjo)
As The New England Conservatory Ragtime EnsembleEdit
- Scott Joplin: The Red Back Book (1973) Angel Records S-36060
- More Scott Joplin Rags (1974) Golden Crest CRS-31031 
- The Road from Rags to Jazz (1975) Golden Crest CRS-31042
Reissues of The Red Back BookEdit
- 1979 Angel SS-45029 (45 rpm LP minus piano solos)
- 1985 EMI/Angel CDC-7 47193 2 (CD including previous 45 rpm material as well as the reissue of the Southland Stingers' "Elite Syncopations")
As The New England Ragtime EnsembleEdit
- The Art of the Rag (1989) GM Recordings GM3018CD
- The Art of Scott Joplin GM3030CD (reissue of More Scott Joplin Rags)
- Jasen, David A. and Tichenor, Trebor Jay (1978) Rags and Ragtime: a Musical History. The Seabury Press; Dover Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-486-25922-6.
- Berlin, Edward A. (1980) Ragtime: a Musical and Cultural History. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-03671-9.
- Hasse, John Edward, ed. (1985) Ragtime: its History, Composers and Music. Schirmer Books. Library of Congress Cat. # 84-13952. ISBN 0-02-871650-7.
- Berlin, Edward A. (1994). King of Ragtime: Scott Joplin and His Era. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-508739-9.
- Jason, David A. (2007) Ragtime: an Encyclopedia, Discography, and Sheetography. Routledge Taylor and Francis Group. ISBN 0-415-97862-9.
- Waldo, Terry (2009) This is Ragtime. Jazz at Lincoln Center Library. ISBN 978-1-934793-01-5.
- "Bringing Back Ragtime". The Washington Post. February 12, 1973. pp. B 1.
- Courtesy of David Reffkin, The American Ragtime Ensemble Collection. One of only two known complete sets extant.
- Robert A. McLean (March 5, 1974). "Schuller's kinetic kids win Grammy". The Boston Evening Globe.
- Joseph McLellan (June 24, 1974). "Joplin". The Washington Post.
- Boris Weintraub (June 24, 1974). "Ragtime Keeps Off the Chill". The Washington Star-News. pp. C-4.
- "New England Newsclip". The Boston Globe. August 12, 1974.
- Jay C. Rosenfeld (August 12, 1974). "Tanglewood weekend spans musical gamut". The Berkshire Eagle.
- Robert Finn (July 11, 1974). "Joplin's rags coming to Blossom Tuesday". The Plain Dealer.
- Wilma Salisbury (July 17, 1974). "Scott Joplin is paid lively tribute". The Plain Dealer. pp. 6-C.
- John Von Rhein (July 17, 1974). "Young Ragtimers Pound Out Some Instant Euphoria". The Akron Beacon Journal. pp. D2.
- "The New England Conservatory Ragtime Ensemble". The Chicago Tribune. June 18, 1974.
- "The Ragtime Revival-A Belated Ode to Composer Scott Joplin". The New York Times. August 11, 1974. pp. D 1.
- Peter D. Lennon (July 29, 1974). "Ragtime at The Breakers". The Providence Journal-Bulletin. pp. B 1.
- Edwin Safford (July 29, 1974). "Ragtime Brightens Breakers". The Providence Journal-Bulletin.
- Rose Walsh (July 31, 1974). "A Bright Evening at 'The Breakers'". The Boston Herald-American.
- Greg Johnson (June 18, 1974). "Rain fails to dampen spirits of small crowd at SPAC show". The Saratogan. pp. B 1.
- Steve Hirsch (June 26, 1974). "Scott Joplin's 'Entertainer' Finally Reaches Hit Parade". KITE Guide to Art and Entertainment. p. 2.
- Hubert Saal (August 5, 1974). "Glad Rags". Newsweek. p. 60.
- "Ragtime, de nieuwe rage". De Telegraaf. September 10, 1973.
- "Melancholiek accent bij ragtime-concert". De Volkskrant van Vrijag. September 13, 1973.
- "New Englanders at the White House". The Boston Globe. September 27, 1974. p. 42.
- http://www.fordlibrarymuseum.gov/library/whphotos/19740925whpo.pdf |Pp.17-19, 21-23
- Courtesy of Mark Belair.
- Ray Murphy (March 11, 1975). "Ragtime sells out symphony". The Boston Globe.
- Speight Jenkins (May 5, 1974). "Joplin's 'Red Back Book' at Alice Tully Hall". The New York Post.
- Daniel Webster (June 22, 1974). "Troupe Revives Ragtime At the Temple Festival". The Philadelphia Inquirer.
- "Schuller's Ragtime Ensemble Joyously Plays the Music of Joplin". The Evening Bulletin. June 21, 1974. p. 27.
- "Ragtime sounds performed on Channel 3 this Sunday". The Portales News-Tribune. February 20, 1987.
- "Il rag del New England". La Gazzetta del Mezzogiorno. September 27, 1983.
- George McKinnon (July 16, 1978). "Schuller makes rags the rage of Russia". The Boston Globe.
- David Willis (June 26, 1978). "Soviets sample ragtime rhythm". The Christian Science Monitor.
- Susan Larson (September 16, 1998). "Schuller charms with the lilt of ragtime". The Boston Globe.
- Martin Mayer (August 1974). "Recordings". Esquire. p. 30.
- Alan Rich (June 10, 1974). "The Lively Arts: Rags To Rip-Offs". New York Magazine. p. 80.
The ensemble is marvelous; you know that every member is a superb technician, and yet together they have worked out an insinuating way of slurring and sliding - like the Vienna Philharmonic playing Johann Strauss - that gives the music marvelous warmth.