The Moving Finger
The Moving Finger is a detective novel by British writer Agatha Christie, first published in the US by Dodd, Mead and Company in July 1942 and in UK by the Collins Crime Club in June 1943. The US edition retailed at $2.00 and the UK edition at seven shillings and sixpence (7/6).
Dust-jacket illustration of the US (true first) edition. See Publication history (below) for UK first edition jacket image.
|Publisher||Dodd, Mead and Company|
|Media type||Print (hardback & paperback)|
|Pages||229 (first edition, hardcover)|
|Preceded by||Five Little Pigs|
|Followed by||Towards Zero|
The Burtons, brother and sister, arrive in a small village, soon receiving an anonymous letter accusing them of being lovers, not siblings. They are not the only ones in the village to receive such letters. A prominent resident is found dead with one such letter found next to her. This novel features the elderly detective Miss Marple in a relatively minor role, "a little old lady sleuth who doesn't seem to do much". She enters the story in the final quarter of the book, in a handful of scenes, after the police have failed to solve the crime.
The novel was well-received when it was published: "Agatha Christie is at it again, lifting the lid off delphiniums and weaving the scarlet warp all over the pastel pouffe." One reviewer noted that Miss Marple "sets the stage for the final exposure of the murderer." Another said this was "One of the few times Christie gives short measure, and none the worse for that." The male narrator was both praised and panned.
- The Moving Finger writes; and, having writ,
- Moves on: nor all thy Piety nor Wit
- Shall lure it back to cancel half a Line,
- Nor all thy Tears wash out a Word of it.
The title shows in the story figuratively and literally. The anonymous letters point blame from one town resident to another. The Scotland Yard agent determines the envelopes were all "typed by someone using one finger" to avoid a recognisable 'touch'.
Jerry and Joanna Burton, a brother and sister from London, take residence in Miss Barton's country house in the quiet town of Lymstock, for the last phase of Jerry's recovery after suffering injuries in a plane crash. Shortly after moving in and meeting their neighbours, they receive an anonymous letter that makes the false accusation that the pair are lovers, not siblings.
The Burtons quickly learn that such poison pen letters have been received by many in town. Despite the letters containing false accusations, many in town are quite upset by them and fear something worse to happen. Mrs Symmington, the wife of the local solicitor, is found dead after receiving a letter, stating that her husband, Mr Dick Symmington, was not the father of their second son. Her body is discovered with the letter, a glass containing potassium cyanide, and a torn scrap of paper which reads "I can't go on".
While the inquest rules that her death was suicide, the police begin a hunt for the anonymous letter writer. Her daughter, Megan Hunter, an awkward, frumpy 20-year-old, stays with the Burtons for a while after the loss of her mother.
The Burtons' housekeeper, Partridge, receives a call from Agnes, the Symmingtons' maidservant, who is distraught and seeks advice. Agnes fails to arrive for the planned meeting, nor is she found at Symmington's when Jerry calls in the evening to check on Agnes. The following day, her body is discovered in the under-stairs cupboard by Megan Hunter.
An investigator arrives from Scotland Yard to investigate the murder. He concludes that the letter-writer/murderer is a middle-aged woman among the prominent citizens of Lymstock. Progress in the murder investigation is slow, until the vicar's wife calls up an expert of her own – Miss Marple. Jerry conveys many clues to her from his observations, as well as telling her some of his ideas on the reasons why Agnes was killed. Elsie Holland, governess for the Symmington boys, receives a letter. The police observed Aimée Griffith, the doctor's sister, typing the address on the same typewriter used for all the previous letters, and arrest her for the letter.
Heading to London to see his doctor, Jerry impulsively takes Megan along with him, and brings her to Joanna's dressmaker for a complete makeover. He realises he has fallen in love with her. When they return to Lymstock, Jerry asks Megan to marry him; she turns him down. He asks Mr Symmington for his permission to pursue Megan. Miss Marple advises Jerry to let Megan alone for a day, as she has a task.
Megan blackmails her stepfather later that evening, by implying that she has proof of her stepfather's guilt in the murder of her mother. Mr Symmington coolly pays her off while not admitting his guilt. Later in the night, after giving Megan a sleeping drug, he attempts to murder her by putting her head in the gas oven. Jerry and the police are lying in wait for him at Miss Marple's recommendation. Jerry rescues Megan and Symmington confesses. The police arrest him for murdering Agnes and his wife.
Miss Marple reasons that the letters were a diversion, not written by a local woman, because none contained true accusations. One person benefited from Mrs Symmington's death, her husband. He is in love with the beautiful Elsie Holland, wanting her and his sons in his life. Planning his wife's murder, he modelled the letters on those in a case known to him from his legal practice. The police's theory about who wrote them was completely wrong. The one letter that Symmington did not write was the one to Elsie. Aimée Griffith, who was in love with Symmington for years, wrote that one. Knowing that it would be hard to prove his guilt, Miss Marple concocted a scheme to expose him, enlisting Megan to provoke him with the certain result that he would then attempt to kill her.
Following the successful conclusion of the investigation, Megan realises that she does love Jerry. Jerry buys Miss Barton's house for them. His sister Joanna marries the local doctor, and stays in Lymstock. Meanwhile Emily Barton and Aimée Griffith go on a cruise together.
- Marcus Kent: Jerry Burton's London doctor who advises him to take a house in the country to recover his health.
- Jerry Burton: Pilot who was injured in a plane crash. After a long stint in hospitals, he seeks a quiet place for the last stage of healing. He narrates the story.
- Joanna Burton: Sister of Jerry, 5 years younger, who accompanies her brother in Lymstock from their usual home in London.
- Miss Emily Barton: Youngest daughter of a large and proper family of sisters, now in her sixties. She is the owner of a large home named Little Furze, which she rents to the Burtons. Like many in Lymstock, she has received a poison pen letter, but she is unwilling to admit it.
- Florence Elford: Former maid to the Barton family, now married, who invites Emily Barton to stay with her while she rents Little Furze to the Burtons.
- Partridge: Maid at Little Furze, who agrees to stay for the Burtons. She trained Agnes.
- Beatrice Baker: Maid at Little Furze, who leaves service after she receives an anonymous letter.
- Mrs Baker: Mother of Beatrice who seeks the aid of Jerry when Beatrice's young man receives a letter accusing Beatrice of seeing another man, which is not true.
- Dr Owen Griffith: Local doctor in Lymstock, who falls in love with Joanna Burton.
- Aimée Griffith: Sister of Owen, who lives with him in Lymstock, is active in the town and in years past fell in love with Symmington.
- Inspector Graves: an expert on poison pen letters from Scotland Yard.
- Superintendent Nash: CID County Superintendent.
- Elsie Holland: Beautiful young nursery governess for the two young Symmington brothers. Jerry Burton, initially attracted, is turned off by the quality of her voice but Mr. Symmington sees only her beauty.
- Mr Dick Symmington: Solicitor in Lymstock, second husband to Mona, father of two young sons, and stepfather of Megan Hunter. He breaks down and confesses when caught in the act of trying to murder his stepdaughter.
- Mrs Mona Symmington: Mother of Megan. She is the first murder victim, though her murder was made to appear a suicide, fooling the police for a long while.
- Megan Hunter: Girl of 20, one year home from boarding school, coltish, usually shy, but comfortable with Jerry and Joanna Burton. She blossoms under their attention. She bravely undertakes a risky ploy at the direction of Miss Marple, exposing the murderer.
- Agnes Woddell: House parlourmaid at Symmington home, who is the second murder victim.
- Rose: the Symmington's cook, talks too much and is given to dramatics.
- Miss Ginch: Symmington's clerk who quits her post after receiving a poison pen letter, Jerry Burton observes that she seems to be enjoying getting the poison pen letter.
- Reverend Caleb Dane Calthrop: Local vicar, academic in his style, given to Latin quotes, understood by no one else around him.
- Mrs Maud Dane Calthrop: She is the wife of the vicar who tries to keep an eye on the people. She is friends with Miss Jane Marple, and calls her when the situation in town worsens, between murders and poison pen letters.
- Miss Marple: A woman who knows much about evil in people, and friend to Maud Dane Calthorp. She stays in Lymstock to observe people, listen to Jerry's observations. She quickly assesses the situation and devises a plan to reveal the murderer.
- Mr Pye: Local resident of Lymstock who enjoys the scandal raised by the poison pen letters. He collects antiques, and is described by his neighbours as effeminate.
- Colonel Appleton: Resident of Combeacre, a village about 7 miles from Lymstock. He is intrigued by Joanna Burton and admires the beautiful Elsie Holland.
- Mrs Cleat: Woman who lives in Lymstock, described as the local witch. She is the first person assumed by townspeople as the writer of the poison pen letters, but she turns out to have no involvement with the letters at all.
Literary significance and receptionEdit
Maurice Willson Disher in The Times Literary Supplement of 19 June 1943 was mostly positive, starting, "Beyond all doubt the puzzle in The Moving Finger is fit for experts" and continuing, "The author is generous with her clues. Anyone ought to be able to read her secret with half an eye – if the other one-and-a-half did not get in the way. There has rarely been a detective story so likely to create an epidemic of self indulgent kicks." However, some reservations were expressed: "Having expended so much energy on her riddle, the author cannot altogether be blamed for neglecting the other side of her story. It would grip more if Jerry Burton, who tells it, was more credible. He is an airman who has crashed and walks with the aid of two sticks. That he should make a lightning recovery is all to the good, but why, in between dashing downstairs two at a time and lugging a girl into a railway carriage by main force, should he complain that it hurts to drive a car? And why, since he is as masculine in sex as the sons of King Gama does he think in this style, "The tea was china and delicious and there were plates of sandwiches and thin bread and butter and a quantity of little cakes"? Nor does it help verisimilitude that a bawling young female gawk should become an elegant beauty in less than a day."
Maurice Richardson in The Observer wrote: "An atmosphere of perpetual, after-breakfast well-being; sherry parties in a country town where nobody is quite what he seems; difficult slouching daughters with carefully concealed coltish charm; crazy spinsters, of course; and adulterous solicitors. Agatha Christie is at it again, lifting the lid off delphiniums and weaving the scarlet warp all over the pastel pouffe." And he concluded, "Probably you will call Mrs Christie's double bluff, but this will only increase your pleasure."
An unnamed reviewer in the Toronto Daily Star of 7 November 1942 said, "The Moving Finger has for a jacket design a picture of a finger pointing out one suspect after another and that's the way it is with the reader as chapter after chapter of the mystery story unfolds. It is not one of [Christie's] stories about her famous French [sic] detective, Hercule Poirot, having instead Miss Marple, a little old lady sleuth who doesn't seem to do much but who sets the stage for the final exposure of the murderer."
The writer and critic Robert Barnard wrote "Poison pen in Mayhem Parva, inevitably leading to murder. A good and varied cast list, some humour, and stronger than usual romantic interest of an ugly-duckling-into-swan type. One of the few times Christie gives short measure, and none the worse for that."
The Moving Finger was first adapted for television by the BBC with Joan Hickson in the series Miss Marple. It first aired on 21–22 February 1985. The adaptation is generally faithful to the novel, apart from conflating the characters of Agnes and Beatrice.
A second television adaptation was made with Geraldine McEwan as Marple in the TV series, Agatha Christie's Marple and was filmed in Chilham, Kent. It first aired on 12 February 2006. This adaptation changes the personality of Jerry. The story is set a little later than the novel is set, per a review of the episode: "Miss Marple, observing the tragic effects of these missives on relationships and reputations, is practically in the background in this story, watching closely as a nihilistic young man (James D'Arcy) comes out of his cynical, alcohol-laced haze to investigate the source of so much misery." and is "set shortly after World War II."
To my Friends
Sydney and Mary Smith
- 1942, Dodd Mead and Company (New York), July 1942, Hardcover, 229 pp
- 1943, Collins Crime Club (London), June 1943, Hardcover, 160 pp
- 1948, Avon Books, Paperback, 158 pp (Avon number 164)
- 1948, Pan Books, Paperback, 190 pp (Pan number 55)
- 1953, Penguin Books, Paperback, 189 pp (Penguin number 930)
- 1961, Fontana Books (Imprint of HarperCollins), Paperback, 160 pp
- 1964, Dell Books, Paperback, 189 pp
- 1968, Greenway edition of collected works (William Collins), Hardcover, 255 pp
- 1968, Greenway edition of collected works (Dodd Mead), Hardcover, 255 pp
- 1970, Ulverscroft Large-print Edition, Hardcover, 331 pp; ISBN 0-85456-670-8
- 2005, Marple Facsimile edition (Facsimile of 1943 UK first edition), 12 September 2005, Hardcover; ISBN 0-00-720845-6
The novel's first true publication was the US serialisation in Collier's Weekly in eight instalments from 28 March (Volume 109, Number 13) to 16 May 1942 (Volume 109, Number 20) with illustrations by Mario Cooper.
The UK serialisation was as an abridged version in six parts in Woman's Pictorial from 17 October (Volume 44, Number 1136) to 21 November 1942 (Volume 44, Number 1141) under the slightly shorter title of Moving Finger. All six instalments were illustrated by Alfred Sindall.
This novel is one of two to differ significantly in American editions (the other being Three Act Tragedy), both hardcover and paperback. Most American editions of The Moving Finger have been abridged by about 9000 words to remove sections of chapters, and strongly resemble the Collier's serialisation which, mindful of the need to bring the magazine reader into the story quickly, begins without the leisurely introduction to the narrator's back-story that is present in the British edition, and lacks much of the characterisation throughout.
Christie admitted that this book was one of her favourites, stating, "I find that another [book] I am really pleased with is The Moving Finger. It is a great test to re-read what one has written some seventeen or eighteen years before. One's view changes. Some do not stand the test of time, others do."
- "The Classic Years: 1940 – 1944". American Tribute to Agatha Christie. May 2007. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
- Peers, Chris; Spurrier, Ralph; Sturgeon, Jamie (March 1999). Collins Crime Club – A checklist of First Editions (Second ed.). Dragonby Press. p. 15.
- "Review". Toronto Daily Star. 7 November 1942. p. 9.
- Richardson, Maurice (13 June 1943). "Review". The Observer. p. 3.
- Barnard, Robert (1990). A Talent to Deceive – an appreciation of Agatha Christie (Revised ed.). Fontana Books. p. 197. ISBN 0-00-637474-3.
- Christie, Agatha (1942). The Moving Finger. p. Chapter 3.
- Disher, Maurice Willson (19 June 1943). "Review". The Times Literary Supplement. p. 297.
- "Binge! Agatha Christie: Nine Great Christie Novels". Entertainment Weekly (1343–44): 32–33. 26 December 2014.
- The Moving Finger Part 1 (1985) on IMDb
- The Moving Finger Part 2 (1985) on IMDb
- Kent Film Office. "Kent Film Office Miss Marple – The Moving Finger Film Focus". Retrieved 18 August 2015.
- Marple: The Moving Finger (2006) on IMDb
- "Agatha Christie's Marple: Series 2, Editorial Reviews". Amazon. Retrieved 5 June 2016.
- "The Moving Finger". BBC Radio 4. 5 May 2001. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
- "Mary Winifrid Smith: an artist lost in Mesopotamia". Art UK. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
- Christie, Agatha (1977). An Autobiography. Collins. p. 520. ISBN 0-00-216012-9.