The Manitoba Mounted Rifles

The Manitoba Mounted Rifles was a cavalry regiment of the Non-Permanent Active Militia of the Canadian Militia and later the Canadian Army. In 1946, the regiment was converted to artillery.[1][2][3]

The Manitoba Mounted Rifles
Active1907 - 1946
CountryCanada
BranchCanadian Militia (1907-1940)
Canadian Army (1940-1946)
TypeLight Cavalry
RoleCavalry
SizeOne Regiment
Part ofNon-Permanent Active Militia (1907-1940)
Royal Canadian Armoured Corps (1940-1946)
Garrison/HQPortage la Prairie, Manitoba
Motto(s)Latin: Ut irruant omnes, lit.'To rush all'
EngagementsFirst World War
Battle honours
  • MOUNT SORREL
  • SOMME, 1916
  • Flers-Courcelette
  • Ancre Heights
  • ARRAS, 1917, '18
  • Vimy, 1917
  • HILL 70
  • Ypres 1917
  • Passchendaele
  • AMIENS
  • Scarpe, 1918
  • Hindenburg Line
  • Canal du Nord
  • Cambrai, 1918
  • Valenciennes
  • FRANCE AND FLANDERS, 1915-18

LineageEdit

  • Originated on 2 April 1907, in Winnipeg, Manitoba, as the 18th Manitoba Mounted Rifles.
  • Redesignated on 15 March 1920, as The Manitoba Mounted Rifles.
  • Converted from Cavalry to Artillery on 1 April 1946, and Amalgamated with the 37th Field Battery, RCA and Redesignated as the 67th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment (Manitoba Mounted Rifles).
  • Regiment Moved on 12 July 1948, from Portage la Prairie to Fort William, Ontario.
  • Amalgamated on 1 December 1954, with the 118th Medium Battery, RCA (Port Arthur, Ontario) under the latter unit's name.[1][2][3]

PerpetuationsEdit

HistoryEdit

The regiment was first formed on 2 April 1907, originally as the 18th Manitoba Mounted Rifles.[1][6] The regimental headquarters was established at Winnipeg and had squadrons established in Winnipeg, Dominion City, Portage la Prairie and Morden, Manitoba.[1]

The First World WarEdit

At the start of the First World War, the 18th Mounted Rifles was one of six cavalry regiments from across Western Canada to provide detachments to help form the 6th Battalion (Fort Garrys), CEF for service in the first contingent of the Canadian Expeditionary Force. The other detachments were provided from the 34th Fort Garry Horse (now The Fort Garry Horse), the 20th Border Horse (now part of the 12th Manitoba Dragoons), the 32nd Manitoba Horse (now part of The Fort Garry Horse), the 15th Canadian Light Horse (now the South Alberta Light Horse), and the 22nd Saskatchewan Light Horse (now part of The North Saskatchewan Regiment).[7]

On 7 November 1914, the 1st Regiment, Canadian Mounted Rifles, CEF was authorized, and on 12 June 1915, the regiment embarked for the United Kingdom. On 22 September 1915, the 1st Regiment, CMR disembarked in France where it fought as part of the 1st Brigade, Canadian Mounted Rifles. On 1 January 1916, the regiment was converted to Infantry along with the other units of the Canadian Mounted Rifles and Redesignated as the 1st Battalion, Canadian Mounted Rifles, CEF; after which it was assigned to the 8th Canadian Infantry Brigade, 3rd Canadian Division. The Battalion fought in France and Flanders until the end of the Great War on 11 November 1918. On 15 November 1920, the 1st Battalion, CMR was disbanded.[4]

1920s-1930sEdit

On 15 March 1920, as a result of the Otter Commission, the regiment was redesignated as The Manitoba Mounted Rifles.[1][8]

The Second World WarEdit

During the Second World War, The Manitoba Mounted Rifles provided detachments along with the 12th Manitoba Dragoons and the 2nd Armoured Car Regiment to form the 18th (Manitoba) Reconnaissance Battalion.[9]

This active service unit would later be redesignated as the 18th (Manitoba) Armoured Car Regiment and finally as the 18th Armoured Car Regiment (12th Manitoba Dragoons)[9][10] where it served directly under the II Canadian Corps serving in Northwest Europe until VE Day.[9][10][11]

Post WarEdit

From Cavalry to Artillery (and a New Province)Edit

On 1 April 1946, The Manitoba Mounted Rifles were converted to Artillery and Amalgamated with the 37th Field Battery, RCA as the 67th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment (Manitoba Mounted Rifles).[1][2][3]

On 12 July 1948, the regiment was transferred to Fort William, Ontario.[2][3]

On 1 December 1954, the 67th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment (Manitoba Mounted Rifles) and the 118th Medium Battery, RCA were amalgamated under the latter unit's name.[2][3]

OrganizationEdit

The Manitoba Mounted Rifles (15 March, 1920)Edit

AlliancesEdit

Battle HonoursEdit

The Great WarEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Guide to Sources Relating to the Canadian Militia (Infantry, Cavalry, Armored)" (PDF). Library and Archives Canada.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "The Manitoba Mounted Rifles [Canada]". 2007-11-09. Archived from the original on 9 November 2007. Retrieved 2022-01-05.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Guide to Sources Relating to the Canadian Militia (Artillery)" (PDF). Library and Archives Canada.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. ^ a b "Canadian Mounted Rifles" (PDF). Library and Archives Canada.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ Defence, National (2018-02-16). "Perpetuations". www.canada.ca. Retrieved 2021-12-13.
  6. ^ Luscombe, Stephen. "Canadian Cavalry". www.britishempire.co.uk. Retrieved 2021-12-13.
  7. ^ "Perpetuated Units". The Fort Garry Horse Museum & Archives. 2016-10-03. Retrieved 2021-12-13.
  8. ^ "The Cavalry Regiments of the Canadian Forces - The Volunteer Militia from 1872 -1920" (PDF).{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. ^ a b c ""Present Design Unsuitable": The Evolution of the 18th Manitoba Armoured Car Regiment Cap Badge". MilArt. 2013-08-27. Retrieved 2021-12-13.
  10. ^ a b "www.canadiansoldiers.com". www.canadiansoldiers.com. Retrieved 2021-12-13.
  11. ^ Defence, National (2018-11-29). "12th Manitoba Dragoons". www.canada.ca. Retrieved 2021-12-13.
  12. ^ Defence, National (2019-07-22). "WWI - Mount Sorrel". www.canada.ca. Retrieved 2022-04-04.
  13. ^ Defence, National (2019-07-22). "WWI - Somme, 1916". www.canada.ca. Retrieved 2022-04-04.
  14. ^ Defence, National (2019-07-22). "WWI - Flers-Courcelette". www.canada.ca. Retrieved 2022-04-04.
  15. ^ Defence, National (2019-07-22). "WWI - Ancre Heights". www.canada.ca. Retrieved 2022-04-04.
  16. ^ Defence, National (2019-07-22). "WWI - Arras, 1917". www.canada.ca. Retrieved 2022-04-04.
  17. ^ Defence, National (2019-07-22). "WWI - Arras, 1918". www.canada.ca. Retrieved 2022-04-04.
  18. ^ Defence, National (2019-07-22). "WWI - Vimy, 1917". www.canada.ca. Retrieved 2022-04-04.
  19. ^ Defence, National (2019-07-22). "WWI - Hill 70". www.canada.ca. Retrieved 2022-04-04.
  20. ^ Defence, National (2019-07-23). "WWI - Ypres, 1917". www.canada.ca. Retrieved 2022-04-04.
  21. ^ Defence, National (2019-07-22). "WWI - Passchendaele". www.canada.ca. Retrieved 2022-04-04.
  22. ^ Defence, National (2019-07-22). "WWI - Amiens". www.canada.ca. Retrieved 2022-04-04.
  23. ^ Defence, National (2019-07-22). "WWI - Scarpe, 1918". www.canada.ca. Retrieved 2022-04-04.
  24. ^ Defence, National (2019-07-22). "WWI - Hindenburg Line". www.canada.ca. Retrieved 2022-04-04.
  25. ^ Defence, National (2019-07-22). "WWI - Canal du Nord". www.canada.ca. Retrieved 2022-04-04.
  26. ^ Defence, National (2019-07-22). "WWI - Cambrai-1918". www.canada.ca. Retrieved 2022-04-04.
  27. ^ Defence, National (2019-07-22). "WWI - Valenciennes". www.canada.ca. Retrieved 2022-04-04.
  28. ^ Defence, National (2019-07-22). "WWI - France and Flanders". www.canada.ca. Retrieved 2022-04-04.