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It was the result of a commission from the comte d'Artois. It shows David in his 'galante' phase and was interpreted as a satire on the manners of the comte d'Artois. The caryatids in the background are copies of those by Jean Goujon in the Louvre.
- Étienne Coche de La Ferté and Julien Guey, "Analyse archéologique et psychologique d'un tableau de David : Les Amours de Pâris et d'Hélène", Revue archéologique, vol. XL, 1952, p. 129-61