The Lambs, Inc. (aka The Lambs Club) is a social club in New York City for actors, songwriters, and others involved in the theatre. It is America's oldest theatrical organization. "The Lambs" is a registered trademark of The Lambs, Inc.; and the club has been commonly referred to as The Lambs Club and The Lambs Theater since 1874.
In 1868 The Lambs was founded in London by actors led by John Hare, the first Shepherd, looking to socialize with like-minded people. Several of those, most notably Henry James Montague, came to the United States and formed The Lambs of New York during Christmas week of 1874. It was incorporated in 1877 in New York City. Shortly afterward the London Lambs closed.
The Lambs, the New York Friars' Club and The Players in New York are often confused. In 1964 long-time syndicated columnist Earl Wilson put it this way: "Long ago a New Yorker asked the difference between the Lambs, Friars, and Players, since the membership was, at the time, predominantly from Broadway." It was left to "a wit believed to have been George S. Kaufman" to draw the distinction: "The Players are gentlemen trying to be actors, the Lambs are actors trying to be gentlemen, and the Friars are neither trying to be both."
- Henry James Montague (1874–1878)
- John Lester Wallack (1878–1879, 1880–1882, 1884–1888)
- Harry Beckett (actor) (1879–1880)
- William Jermyn Conlin (1882–1884)
- John Riker Brady (1888–1890)
- Edmund Milton Holland (1890–1891)
- Clay Meredith Greene (1891–1898, 1902–1906)
- Thomas Benedict Clarke (1898–1900)
- DeWolf Hopper (1900–1902)
- Wilton Lackaye (1906–1907)
- Augustus Thomas (1907–1910)
- Joseph Rhode Grismer (1911–1913, 1917–1918)
- William Courtleigh, Jr. (1913–1917)
- Robert Hubber Thorne Burnside (1918–1921)
- Albert Oldfield Brown (1921–1924, 1930–1932)
- Thomas Meighan (1924–1926)
- Thomas Alfred Wise (1926–1928)
- Fritz Williams (1928–1930)
- Frank Crumit (1932–1936)
- Fred Waring (1939–1942)
- John Lionel Golden (1942–1945)
- Raymond Wilson Peck (1945–1947)
- Bert Lytell (1947–1952)
- Walter Noel Greaza (1953–1956)
- William Gaxton (1936–1939, 1952–1953, 1957–1959, 1960–1961)
- Frank Marion Thomas (1962–1963)
- Martin Begley (1964–1965)
- Harry Hershfield (1966–1969)
- Jack Waldron (actor) (1969)
- Tom Dillon (actor) (1969–1986)
- Richard L. Charles (1986–1997)
- Agustin James Pocock (1998–2001)
- Bruce Brown (2002–2008)
- Randy Phillips (2008–2013)
- Marc Baron (2013– )
- 1874: Founded and first dinner at Delmonico's Restaurant (NE Corner of 5th Ave & 14th St.)
- 1875: Morton House (Manhattan) (Union Square)
- 1875: Union Square Hotel
- 1876: Wallack's Theater 848 Broadway (nicknamed "The Matchbox")
- 1877–78: 6 Union Square
- 1878: 19 East 16th Street
- 1880–1892: 34 West 26th St
- 1891: Gilsey House, 1200 Broadway
- 1892: 8 West 29th St
- 1893–1896: 26 West 31st St
- 1897–1905: 70 West 36th St (formerly and thereafter known as Keens Chophouse)
- 1905–1975: 130 West 44th Street (expanded in 1907)
- 1975: Guest in Lotos Club, 5 East 66th St
- 1976: Current: 3 West Club, 3 West 51st Street, 5th Floor
128 West 44th StreetEdit
Prior Location of the Lamb's Club
|Location||128 W. 44th St., New York, New York|
|Area||less than one acre|
|Architect||Stanford White, George Freeman|
|Architectural style||Classical Revival|
|NRHP reference #||82003382|
|Added to NRHP||June 3, 1982|
The Lambs has had many Manhattan homes since 1874, beginning with Delmonico's Restaurant in Union Square. Then in 1875 they met at the Maison Doree on the south side of 14th St. opposite Union Square; 1876–77 next to Wallack's theater at 848 Broadway; 1877–78 at the Union Square Hotel, 6 Union Square; 1879 within a brownstone at 19 East 16th St.; 1880–91 at a Brownstone at 34 West 26th St.; 1891 at the Gilsey House, 1200 Broadway; 1892 at 8 West 29th St.; 1893–96 at 26 West 31st St.; 1897–1905 at 70 West 36th St., what was formerly and thereafter Keen's Chophouse remodeled by Stanford White to be a clubhouse; in 1905 at 128–130 West 44th St., in a house designed by Stanford White, then doubled in size in 1915.
Until 1974 the Club remained at the building at 128 West 44th St. The building was also designed by Stanford White, and was erected in 1904–1905; it expanded in 1915 to include 132 West 44th St. When the club relocated to its current nine-story quarters at 3 West 51st St. adjacent to Rockefeller Center, it sold its own quarters to the Church of the Nazarene which intended to use the old building as a mission in Times Square. The church leased part of the building for what would become the Off Broadway Lamb's Theatre which is not related to the Club except for the name of the building.
In 2006 the Church of the Nazarene sold the building and theatre, which has been renovated by the Chatwal Hotel. They operate a restaurant in the hotel and named it The Lambs Club, although there is no relation between the hotel and The Lambs other than what was left of the building.
The Lambs, Inc., is still active in its nine-story quarters at 3 West 51st St. adjacent to Rockefeller Center. Its members have been instrumental in the formation of ASCAP, Actors' Equity and The Actors' Fund of America, Screen Actors Guild (SAG) and in the merger that created SAG-AFTRA. Of the first 21 Council members of Actors' Equity, 20 were members of The Lambs. The meetings to form Actors' Equity were held at The Players, a club similar to The Lambs, because there were too many producer members of The Lambs. The Actors' strike of 1919 was settled in The Lambs, which was referred to as "Local One."
Historically, The Lambs has been the spawning ground of plays, friendships and partnerships. Mark Twain Tonight (with Hal Holbrook) and Stalag 17 were first performed at The Lambs prior to their national successes.
Alan J. Lerner and Frederick Loewe first met at The Lambs, often trying works-in-progress on their fellow Lambs. Loewe left a percentage of his share of Brigadoon royalties to The Lambs' Foundation. Since its founding, there have been more than 6,000 Lambs including Spencer Tracy, Fred Astaire, Irving Berlin, George M. Cohan, W.C. Fields, Will Rogers, John Philip Sousa, Conrad Nagel, Fred Waring and Albert Hague, and Cliff Robertson, Abe Vigoda and Ken Howard. Current members include Joyce Randolph of The Honeymooners, Jim Dale, Matthew Broderick and Tony Award-winning conductor/arranger Donald Pippin. The Lambs' website contains a listing of its past members.
- "The Lambs". The Lambs. Retrieved 2014-12-31.
The Lambs, Inc., is America's oldest professional theatrical club. ... The Lambs ® is a registered trademark of The Lambs, Inc., and has been known as The Lambs club for over 137 years. ...
- Hardee, Lewis J., Jr., The Lambs Theatre Club, Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland Publishing, 2010 . ISBN 978-0-7864-6095-3. A book about the history of The Club. The Lambs was recognized on May 9, 2008, by the Mayor of New York City, Michael Bloomberg.(publisher's summary)
- "Fifty Years of The Lambs". New York Times. June 8, 1924. Retrieved 2014-12-31.
The Lambs, New York's famous actors' club, will celebrate its golden jubilee with a public Gambol at the Earl Carroll Theatre tonight.
- Wilson, Earl (1964). Earl Wilson's New York. New York: Simon & Schuster. pp. 49–50.
- "Governance". The Lambs. Archived from the original on 2015-01-31. Retrieved 2014-12-31. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "AJ Pocock". Los Angeles Times. September 26, 2012. Retrieved 2016-06-20.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- Robertson, Campbell, "Lamb's Theater Company Receives Eviction Notice", The New York Times, June 2, 2006
- Sam Sifton, "Retro Glamour Made New: Restaurant Review: The Lambs Club". The New York Times. October 26, 2010 Accessed January 31, 2012.
- Curtis, James (2011-10-18). Spencer Tracy: A Biography. ISBN 9780307595225.