Die Csárdásfürstin (The Csárdás Princess; translated into English as The Riviera Girl and The Gipsy Princess) is an operetta in 3 acts by Hungarian composer Emmerich Kálmán, libretto by Leo Stein and Bela Jenbach. It premiered in Vienna at the Johann Strauß-Theater on 17 November 1915. Numerous film versions and recordings have been made. The operetta is widely beloved across Europe, particularly in Hungary, Austria, Germany and the former Soviet Union, where it was adapted into a popular film. It is arguably Kálmán's most successful work.
|Role||Voice type||Premiere cast, 17 November 1915|
(Conductor: Artur Guttmann)
|Sylva Varescu||soprano||Mizzi Günther|
|Edwin Ronald||tenor/baritone||Karl Bachmann|
|Countess Stasi||soprano||Susanne Bachrich|
|Count Boni Káncsiánu||tenor||Josef König|
|Feri von Kerekes||bass||Antal Nyárai|
|Oberleutnant von Rohnsdorff||bass|
Silva Varescu, a self-sufficient and professionally successful cabaret performer from Budapest, is about to embark on a tour of America. Three of her aristocratic admirers, named Edwin, Feri and Boni, prefer her to stay. Edwin, unaware that his parents have already arranged a marriage for him back home in Vienna, orders a notary to prepare a promissory note of his expected marriage to Silva within ten weeks. Silva then leaves on her American tour, and Edwin leaves for peacetime military duty.
Just at the time this promissory note is about to expire, Silva visits Edwin's palace in Vienna, pretending to have married Boni as her entrée into his family's society. Edwin is about to be engaged to Stasi, who does not care for him and wishes only an arranged marriage. Boni falls in love with Stasi and Edwin regrets not keeping his promise to Silva sooner. However, Edwin makes the faux pas of informing Silva that his parents would accept Silva only if she pretends to have been divorced from Boni and therefore already entered society via an earlier marriage. Edwin's father separately informs Silva that if she marries Edwin without first having achieved noble rank through some other route, her role in society could be merely that of a "csárdás princess." Silva realizes that she is better than they and has a brighter future than they have. She purposefully embarrasses Edwin and his father, turning her back on them and leaving in the presence of their assembled friends.
The act is set in a Viennese hotel to which Feri has accompanied the cabaret troupe from Budapest, who is about to sail on another American tour with Sylva. As everyone shows up and recognizes each other, Feri recognizes Edwin's mother as a retired cabaret singer from Budapest whose star once shone prior to Sylva's time. Edwin's mother joins the two couples, Sylva/Edwin and Boni/Stasi, all unwittingly heading to safety on this American tour.
Key: Conductor / Stasi / Sylva / Boni / Edwin / Feri
- Samuil Samosud / Kazanskaya / Yakovenko / Ruban / Nelepp / Yakushev – 1956 – Melodiya
- Grund / Koller / Moffo / Németh / Kollo / Mensáros – 1971 – Szinetár movie – Deutsche Grammphon DVD
- Gunhard Mattes / Olivera Miljaković / Anneliese Rothenberger / Willi Brokmeier / Nicolai Gedda / Wolfgang Anheisser – 1971 – EMI
- Bibl / Kales / Rudiferia / Poppell / Franz Wächter / Németh – 1985 – live in Tokyo – Denon
- Bonynge / Hislop / Riedel / Lemke / Austin / Ewer – 1990 – Sydney – Opus Arte DVD
- Bibl / Grotrian / Schoenenberg / Werba / Bothmer / Harsányi – 2002 – Mörbisch – Videoland DVD
- Bibl / Grotrian / Serafin / Eröd / Bothmer / Harsányi – 2002 – Oehms
- Bonynge / Mojca Erdmann / Yvonne Kenny / Kathol / Roider / Ebner – 2002 – Naxos Records
- Thielemann / Christina Landshamer / Anna Netrebko / Pavol Breslik / Juan Diego Flórez / Sebastian Wartig – 2014 – live concert performance, Semperoper, Dresden – ZDF/ORF
It was made into a 1927 silent German film The Csardas Princess directed by Hanns Schwarz. In 1944 it was made into the Soviet operetta film Silva directed by Aleksandr Ivanovsky. It was one of the most successful releases in the Soviet Union that year. Later, in 1981, it was made again into an even more successful Soviet operetta film under the same name, directed by Yan Frid.
- The Csardas Princess, directed by Emil Leyde (Germany, 1919)
- The Csardas Princess, directed by Hanns Schwarz (Germany/Hungary, 1927)
- The Csardas Princess, directed by Georg Jacoby (German, 1934)
- Silva, directed by Aleksandr Ivanovsky (Soviet Union, 1944)
- The Csardas Princess, directed by Georg Jacoby (West Germany, 1951)
- The Csardas Princess, directed by Miklós Szinetár (West Germany/Hungary, 1971, TV film)
- Silva, directed by Yan Frid (Soviet Union, 1981)
- Casaglia, Gherardo (2005). "Die Csárdasfürstin, 17 November 1915". L'Almanacco di Gherardo Casaglia (in Italian).
- Сильва (Silva), 1981 film; Silva (1981) on IMDb
- Kalman: Csárdásfürstin (Die) (The Gypsy Princess), details, including German and English libretto, Naxos Records
- on YouTube, concert performance, Semperoper, Dresden
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Die Csárdásfürstin.|
- Recordings at operadis-opera-discography.org.uk