The Great Fortune
The Great Fortune is a novel by English writer Olivia Manning first published in 1960. It forms the opening part of a six part novel series called the Fortunes Of War. The Fortunes Of War itself is split in two trilogies consisting of The Balkan Trilogy and The Levant Trilogy. All the novels tell an unfolding story of how the Second World War impacts on the lives of a group of British expatriates.
Cover of the first UK edition
The Great Fortune covers the first year of the war from September 1939 to June 1940 and is set in Romania. It is semi autobiographical and mirrors the life of Olivia Manning during those years but uses fictional characters.
The work was praised by critics for its perception and an adept and scrupulous attention to detail, seen in its vivid descriptions of people, places, and the natural world.
The novel opens with an English couple, Guy and Harriet Pringle, travelling through Yugoslavia towards Romania on a train. They are just married after a whirlwind romance over the summer vacation. They are travelling to Bucharest where Guy has a job at the University English department which is paid for by the British Council.
On the train they first encounter Prince Yakimov, a once-wealthy English-educated White Russian emigre who is now nearly penniless and forced to live by scrounging.
Once in Bucharest they set up a temporary home in the Atheni hotel where all the British journalists congregate in what is known as the English bar. They witness the arrival of the last remnants of the defeated Polish army, vanquished by the German invasion of Poland. In a piece of luck Yakimov is hired as an assistant to work for the veteran journalist Mcann who has been wounded in the retreat and is desperate to get his story out. This enables Yakimov to live in the hotel in great style where he befriends the Pringles.
Guy shows Harriet the sights of Bucharest, especially the cafes and the Cismigiu Park. She meets Sophie, a half-Jewish student of Guy's whom Harriet she senses is a rival for Guy's affections as Sophie seeks the security of a passport.
Harriet meets Professor Inchcape and two other members of the University English department, Clarence Lawson and diplomat Foxy Leverat. She meets some junior members of the British diplomatic legation. All seem relatively unconcerned by the war and the threat it poses.
They are entertained by the Druckers, a family of Jewish bankers who enjoy extreme wealth and whose eldest son Sacha is a student of Guy's.
The Pringles rent an underheated two-bedroom apartment in a block overlooking the Cotroceni Royal Palace just as winter begins.
Yakimov's credit runs out and he is forced to rent a room in an unfashionable bug-ridden suburban apartment. The head of the Drucker family is arrested on trumped-up charges and the rest of his family flee.
Harriet is shocked as she witnesses the extreme poverty that exists alongside the wealthy affluence of the capital. The suffering endured by the poor during the very severe Romanian winter is described.
The novel follows the course of the historical events of 1939 and 1940 and how these successively affect the English community in Bucharest and Romanian society.
- The fall of Poland
- The assassination of the prime minister Armand Călinescu by the Iron Guard, the Romanian fascist movement
- The Russo–Finnish war
- The invasion of Denmark and Norway by Germany
- The invasion of the Low Countries by Germany
- The coup that replaces prime minister Gheorghe Argeșanu with Constantin Argetoianu.
- The fall of France and the Dunkirk evacuation of British troops.
- The entry of Italy into the war on the side of Germany.
News of these events reaches the main characters by rumour, newspaper, German propaganda and via BBC radio. Harriet's friendship with Clarence deepens as Guy becomes absorbed in his university work. Guy's close friend David Boyd arrives from the Middle East.
The final chapters describe the production of the Shakespeare play Troilus and Cressida by the university English department in the spring of 1940. It is directed by Guy, who becomes completely focussed on the work, ignoring the threatening nature of the war as it unfolds around him. Yakimov surprises everyone, including himself, with a great acting ability which restores his self-respect. The performance is considered a triumph but many Romanians wonder at the British ability to stage a cultural event like this as their country appears to be going to defeat in war. The play can be seen as an allegory for political events, with the beleaguered city of Troy as Britain and the invading Athenians led by the militaristic Achilles as the fascists.
The book's title, The Great Fortune, is taken from its final pages and refers to the potential unrealised economic wealth of Greater Romania.
- Arnold, Sue (2008-09-12). "The Great Fortune". The Guardian Book Review. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-03-24.
- Manning, Olivia (2008-06-01). The Great Fortune. by Olivia Manning (Abridged ed.). London: CSA Word. pp. About the Book. ISBN 9781906147204.
- David, Deirdre (2013-01-10). Olivia Manning: A Woman at War. OUP Oxford. p. 264. ISBN 9780191655050.
- Manning, Olivia (2013). The Great Fortune: The Balkan Trilogy 1. Random Hose. pp. Preface, About the Book. ISBN 1448166071.