The Five Dysfunctions of a Team
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The Five Dysfunctions of a Team is a business book by consultant and speaker Patrick Lencioni first published in 2002. It describes the many pitfalls that teams face as they seek to "grow together". This book explores the fundamental causes of organizational politics and team failure. Like most of Lencioni's books, the bulk of it is written as a business fable. This book has appeared on American best-seller lists including: The New York Times Best Seller List, Business Week, Wall Street Journal and USA Today.
|Genre||Business, marketing, management, teamwork|
|Media type||Print (hardcover)|
According to the book, the five dysfunctions are:
- Absence of trust—unwilling to be vulnerable within the group
- Fear of conflict—seeking artificial harmony over constructive passionate debate
- Lack of commitment—feigning buy-in for group decisions creates ambiguity throughout the organization
- Avoidance of accountability—ducking the responsibility to call peers on counterproductive behavior which sets low standards
- Inattention to results—focusing on personal success, status and ego before team success
- Kathryn Petersen, newly appointed Chief Executive Officer of fictional company DecisionTech, Inc.
- Jeff Shanley, Former CEO, Cofounder, Head of Business Development.
- Michele (Mikey) Bebe, Head of Marketing.
- Martin Gilmore, Chief Technologist.
- Jeff (JR) Rawlins, Head of Sales.
- Carlos Amador, Head of Customer Support.
- Jan Mersino, Chief Financial Officer.
- Nick Farrell, Chief Operating Officer.
- Harvard Business Review; Apr2002, Vol. 80 Issue 4, p28, John T. Landry
- Publishers Weekly March 25, 2002 v249 i12 p54(1),
- Top books of 2002: how to manage Jack Covert. Greater Baton Rouge Business Report Jan 21, 2003 v21 i10 p29(1)
- Booklist April 1, 2002 v98 i15 p1288(1)
- Library Journal April 15, 2002 v127 i7 p102(1)
- CMA Management July–August 2002 v76 i5 p6(1)
- Canadian Manager Fall 2002 v27 i3 p31(1)
Gordon Curphy and Robert Hogan, both organizational psychologists and leadership researchers, provide a critical perspective on Lencioni's team model in their book The Rocket Model: Practical Advice for Building High Performing Teams. While they clearly emphasize The Five Dysfunctions of a Team's contributions to the field they also point out major drawbacks of the model:
"Lencioni's model provides useful insights about team dynamics and has some advantages over the other models. The model is straightforward, identifies many of the reasons why teams fail, and offers practical advice on how to build high-functioning teams. Lencioni also deserves credit for pointing out the following:
- The importance of the "first team".
- The need for leaders to teach teams how to win.
- The recognition of time wasted avoiding conflict.
- Cascading effect of leadership team dynamics.
The simplicity of the Five Dysfunctions model, key insights, and 'touchy-feely' approach to team building make it popular among human resource professionals and team consultants. Nonetheless, Lencioni's book is explicitly a work of fiction; it is not based on research and its practical recommendations lack empirical support. For example, when the trust level among team members is low, Lencioni recommends that leaders put them through a series of personal disclosures and outdoor experiential exercises. However, there is little likelihood that these activities can build trust in dysfunctional work teams. It is more likely that leaders of low-trust teams will invite the members to a paint ball outing but be the only persons with guns. According to Katzenbach and Smith, the only effective method for teams to build trust and cohesion is to do real work, and using the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, the results do not constitute real work. Similar problems afflict the four other dysfunctions."
- "Book Summary: The Five Dysfunctions of a Team". www.talentsquare.com. Retrieved 2016-01-23.
- The BusinessWeek Best-Seller List, BusinessWeek, January 30, 2004, archived from the original on August 8, 2007
- Del Jones (November 28, 2005), Business leadership book wins fans in NFL – Several coaches apply 'Five Dysfunctions' to game play, USA Today
- Patrick Lencioni (2002), The Five Dysfunctions of a Team, Jossey-Bass, ISBN 0-7879-6075-6
- Curphy, Gordon; Hogan, Robert (2012). The Rocket Model: Practical Advice for Building High Performing Teams. USA: Hogan Press. pp. 19–21. ISBN 978-0984096985.
- Katzenbach, Jon (1994). The Wisdom of Teams. USA, Boston: HarperBusiness.