Daily Bruin(Redirected from The Daily Bruin)
The Daily Bruin is the student newspaper at the University of California, Los Angeles. It began publishing in 1919, the year UCLA was founded, and has printed five days per week since 1925. It is now the only five-day paper serving a University of California campus.
|Headquarters||118 Kerckhoff Hall
308 Westwood Plaza
Los Angeles 90095
The Bruin distributes 9,000 copies across campus each school day. It also publishes prime, a quarterly arts, culture and lifestyle magazine, and Bruinwalk.com, a professor and apartment review website. Roughly 600 students work at the paper during the school year.
Frequency and governanceEdit
When classes are in session, the Bruin is published Monday through Friday during the school year, twice a week during the last week of the quarter, once a week during finals week, and once a week on Mondays in the summer quarter. The Bruin's staff also publishes prime, a quarterly lifestyle magazine, and Bruinwalk.com, a professor and apartment review site.
It is published by the ASUCLA Communications Board, which sets policies for the newspaper and other campus communications media. The current editor in chief is Mackenzie Possee.
The Daily Bruin editorial team has 13 editorial departments: news writing, sports writing, arts & entertainment writing, opinion writing, infographic reporting, blogging, digital development, video journalism, copy editing, photojournalism, page design, prime magazine and cartoons and illustration.
The Daily Bruin office and newsroom is located on the first floor of Kerckhoff Hall, Room 118.
Upon the establishment in fall 1919 of the Southern Branch of the University of California, as UCLA was first known, the twice-weekly Cub Californian was first issued on Sept. 29, 1919. Its name was changed to the California Grizzly with the issue of March 21, 1924, and on Sept. 13, 1925 it began to publish five days a week.:7,17,19
On October 22, 1926, the newspaper became known as the California Daily Bruin. During World War II it reduced its publication frequency to three times a week under the title California Bruin,:66 reverting to a daily publication at war's end. On April 2, 1948, the name was changed to UCLA Daily Bruin.:91, 92
The newspaper has generally been under control of the student organization now known as the Associated Students UCLA, or ASUCLA, although during the summer sessions of the 1920s and 1930s "the newspapers were used as laboratory papers for journalism classes, with financial support coming directly from the University." In the 1950s the Summer Bruin was again taken over by the Administration, and '"controversial social issues" were banned from print during the summers.:128–129
Until 1955 the Associated Students was considered the publisher of the Daily Bruin, sometimes directly under the student council and sometimes with the interposition of a Publications Board. Editors were named by the student council. This system resulted in frequent political struggles between the staff (which nominated candidates for the key editorial positions) and the student council.:50 and following
During the height of the McCarthy era, with the newspaper staff being accused of Communist leanings, the administration in 1955 revised the governance of the paper and instituted a system whereby the student body itself elected the editor (see below).:144–145 "Editors had to run for elective office just like politicians, and the newspaper was closely controlled by the [student] Council," wrote William C. Ackerman, the ASUCLA graduate administrator.
The practice of student election of editors ended in 1963 with the establishment of the ASUCLA Communications Board,:150 a student-led organization that selects the editors of the Bruin as well as the editors for the other seven newsmagazines.
In 1926, editor John F. Cohee was expelled from school by Ernest Carroll Moore, the campus administrator and director, for what Moore called "certain indecent statements which affront the good name of the women of the University." These were apparently a tongue-in-cheek "report" that some sorority women had been seen cavorting nude in the Pacific Ocean surf.:25–32
This article was included in a twice-yearly burlesque edition of the Daily Bruin known as "Hell's Bells." (Cohee transferred to the Berkeley campus and was graduated there in 1927. He later went on to become a professional reporter.):25–32
Three years later Director Moore suspended 14 students for publishing in the January 23, 1929, issue of "Hell's Bells" "the filthiest and most indecent piece of printed matter that any of us has ever seen." Some of those students were later reinstated. That was the last issue of "Hell's Bells.":25–32
1954 protest and student election of editorsEdit
On December 15, 1954, the editor of the Daily Bruin and a group of 250 students demonstrated against administrative action that required the newspaper to adopt a constitution "because it would otherwise be operating 'under sufferance and illegally.'" Dean of Student Milton E. Hahn had sent a memorandum to Chancellor Raymond B. Allen on Dec. 7. 1954, "after a preparation period of almost two years." He wrote:
For twenty years there has been no commonly accepted policy regarding the student publications at U.C.L.A. The Bruin has been the chief problem. It has been a prime target for Marxist groups which, at times, have had almost complete control.:133
"We have gathered here for the mock funeral of The Daily Bruin as a free newspaper," said editor Martin McReynolds. "The Bruin is not actually dead yet, but on the students' action will depend whether it will live or die.":133
The response was sparked by the actions of the UCLA administration in the preceding years. During the summer of 1954, Hahn proceeded in his attempt to bring about a more "responsible" Bruin. Eventually, on November 23, 1954, President Sproul granted approval by telegram for a new student-election plan for the Daily Bruin. The Bruin was not informed of any of the changes to the editorial structure, though editor McReynolds caught word of the plan and wrote an editorial on Dec. 8, stating that "Someone, probably the Administration, has been planning this change for at least six weeks. The planning has all been kept secret from The Daily Bruin and the students at large." December 8 was the same day Hahn submitted the plan to the Student Council.:145
There were to be student elections for editor, who would name his own editorial board, subject to approval by the Student Council and veto by the Administration. Because of lack of time, elections would not be held in the spring semester, but an editorial board would be chosen by a two-man committee composed of Student Body President Skip Byrne and an Administration representative.:145
In addition to this limitation, the plan required that:
- Non-staff opinion pieces would be limited to 150 words in Grins and Growls.
- Controversial articles would be "matched" with an opposing opinion.
- The plan said "the editorial columns shall be used by the editor-in-chief in any manner consonant with journalistic practice and the wishes of SLC subject to the contribution that contributors be bona fide staff members or members of SLC."
A total of 3,004 signatures, representing one-fifth of the student body, were collected for a petition to be sent to Sproul to retract the plan. The number of signatures was about a thousand more than the number of student who voted in the preceding ASUCLA election.:145–146
Loud Bark and Curious Eyes states that Sproul
. . . asserted in an unpublicized memo to Allen that it was a "local matter" for UCLA authorities alone to decide, though he did not mention the series of memoranda in the Berkeley office nor his own telegram of Nov. 23.:146–147
The Bruin staff nominated six candidates to become editors the following year, but all six were rejected by the selection committee appointed to decide on the new editors.
In 2013, the Daily Bruin’s publisher laid off most of its full-time employees, following more than a decade of consistently declining advertising revenues that reflected the national newspaper industry. Despite layoffs, it has retained UCLA Student Media Director Doria Deen, editorial advisor Abigail Goldman and Business Manager Jeremy Wildman.
In spring 2016, UCLA's student body voted in favor of the "Daily Bruin and Bruinwalk.com Referendum", which guaranteed student fees to support the Bruin as its print advertising revenues continue to decline.
The Daily Bruin implemented a data journalism and newsroom tech blog called "The Stack," taking public data and organizing it into quantitative graphics and visualizations. Some of "The Stack's" projects have included examining data from University of California employee pay, weaknesses in campus computer systems, and allocation of funds to UCLA's student organizations from the student government. "The Stack" also makes all the code on its blog available under open-source licenses on GitHub.
In 2013, the Daily Bruin created the "Stonewall" as an online record of sources who "stonewalled," or refused to speak, with reporters. The "Stonewall" was created in effort to maintain transparency with readers about individuals in the community who unjustly thwarted Daily Bruin reporters' attempts at providing information. The most recent stone added to the "Stonewall" was on January 1, 2015, for when the Diversity Chancellor Search Committee refused to release its list of names of candidates.
- 1910-1911 Clarence Hodges, Shirley D. Burns
- 1911-1915 No records available
- 1915-1916 Albert T. Blanford, Gertrude C. Maloney, Willette Long, Eva Smith
- 1916-1917 Lee Roy Smith, Eva Throckmorton
- 1917-1918 Elizabeth Lee Polk, Nina Ehlers
- 1918-1919 No records available
- 1919-1921 Dale Stoddard, Alice Lookabaugh, Fern Ashley, David K. Barnwell
- 1920-1921 Mildred Sanborn
- 1921-1922 John A. Worley
- 1922-1923 Irving C. Kramer
- 1923 (fall) Irving C. Kramer
- 1924 (spring) Fred M. Jordan
- 1924-1925 John F. Cohee, Robert W. Kerr
- 1925-1926 John F. Cohee, Ben Person
- 1926-1927 William E. Forbes
- 1927-1928 James F. Wickizer
- 1928-1929 H. Monte Harrington, Gene Harvey
- 1929-1930 Walter T. Bogart
- 1930-1931 Carl Schaefer, Charles Olton
- 1931-1932 Maxwell Clark
- 1932-1933 George Elmendorf
- 1933-1934 Robert K. Shellaby
- 1934-1935 F. Chandler Harris
- 1935-1936 Gilbert Harrison
- 1936-1937 Stanley Rubin. In 1970, Rubin recalled that in the middle 1930s, Max Rafferty, who served from 1963 to 1971 as California Superintendent of Public Instruction, had physically attacked him over controversial content in The Bruin. Rafferty dispatched a letter to The Los Angeles Times in which he described The Bruin as "one of the most prejudiced newspapers on the Pacific Coast" and complained that the "radicalism" of the publication "is not so funny if it keeps [students] from getting a job."
- 1937-1938 Roy Swanfeldt, Norman Borisoff
- 1938-1939 William T. Brown, Everett Carter
- 1939-1940 Sanford J. Mock, Richard K. Pryne
- 1940-1941 Bruce Cassiday, Jack Hauptli
- 1941-1942 Malcolm Steinlauf, Robert M. Barsky
- 1942-1943 Tom Smith, Robert Weil, Josephine Rosenfield
- 1943-1944 Adele Truitt, Charlotte Klein, Gloria Farquar
- 1944-1945 Pat Campbell, Helen Licht, Doris Willens
- 1945-1946 Hannah Bloom, Bill Stout, Anne Stern
- 1946-1947 Ann Hebert, Frank Mankiewicz
- 1947-1948 Paul Simqu, Elmer L. (Chally) Chalberg
- 1948-1949 Charles G. Francis, Grover Heyler
- 1949-1950 James D. Garst, Harold E. Watkins
- 1950-1951 Eugene Frumkin, Jerry Schlapik (acting), Martin A. Brower
- 1951-1952 Robert Myers, Peter Graber
- 1952-1953 Richard Schenk, Jack Weber
- 1953-1954 Albert Greenstein, M. E. Vogel
- 1954-1955 Martin D. McReynolds, Irv Drasnin
- 1955-1956 Martin A. Sklar, Clyde E. Rexrode
- 1956-1957 Joseph E. Colmenares
- 1957-1958 Edward B. Robinson
- 1958-1959 Thomas A. Welch
- 1959-1960 Martin A. Kasindorf
- 1960-1961 Morton L. Saltzman, Charles M. Rossi
- 1961-1962 Shirley Mae Folmer
- 1962-1963 Alan R. Rothstein
- 1963-1964 Lester G. Ostrov
- 1964-1965 Philip A. Yaffe
- 1965-1966 Joel E. Boxer
- 1966-1967 Neil Reichline
- 1967-1968 Brian Weiss
- 1968-1969 Mike Levett
- 1969-1970 John Parker
- 1970-1971 Ann Haskins
- 1971-1972 David Lees
- 1972-1973 Shelley Presser
- 1973-1974 Steve Ainsworth
- 1974-1975 Anne Pautler
- 1975-1976 Jim Stebinger
- 1976-1977 Alice Short
- 1977-1979 Joanne Eglash
- 1979-1980 Chris Cameron
- 1981-1982 Jesse Coronado
- 1982-1983 Andrew Schlei
- 1983-1984 Kim Cohn
- 1984 Katherine Jane Bleifer. Bleifer resigned under fire on Dec. 14, 1984, and was replaced in the interim by Jerry Abeles, the managing editor.
- 1985 William Rabkin
- 1985-1986 Peter Pae
- 1986-1987 Ronald Scott Bell
- 1987-1988 Penny Rosenberg
- 1988-1989 Nancy McCullough
- 1989-1990 Valarie De La Garza
- 1990-1992 Matthew Fordahl
- 1992-1993 Leila Ansari
- 1993-1994 Josh Romonek
- 1994-1995 Matea Gold
- 1995-1996 Roxane Marquez
- 1996-1997 Patrick Kerkstra
- 1997-1998 Edina Lekovic
- 1998-1999 Adam Yamaguchi
- 1999-2000 Andrea Perera
- 2000-2001 Christine Byrd
- 2001-2002 Timothy Kudo
- 2002-2003 Cuauhtémoc Ortega
- 2003-2004 Kelly Rayburn
- 2004-2005 Tyson Evans
- 2005-2006 Charles Proctor
- 2006-2007 Jeff Schenck
- 2007-2008 Saba Riazati
- 2008-2009 Anthony Pesce
- 2009-2010 Alene Tchekmedyian
- 2010-2011 Farzad Mashhood
- 2011-2012 Lauren Jow
- 2012-2013 James Barragan
- 2013-2014 Jillian Beck
- 2014-2015 Andrew Erickson
- 2015-2016 Sam Hoff
- 2016-2017 Tanner Walters
- 2017-2018 Mackenzie Possee
Awards and recognitionEdit
The Daily Bruin and its staffers earn honors at local, state, regional and national levels on an annual basis. Listed below are some of the prominent honors the Daily Bruin has received organizationally. Years noted represent the previous school year, unless otherwise noted.
Associated Collegiate Press – Pacemaker Awards
- Newspaper Pacemaker
- Online Pacemaker
- Magazine Pacemaker (for prime magazine)
- Winner: 2013, 2012
- Finalist: 2016
Society of Professional Journalists – National Mark of Excellence Awards
- Best all-around daily student newspaper
Society of Professional Journalists – Region 11 Mark of Excellence Awards
- Best all-around daily student newspaper
- Best affiliated website
California College Media Association – Excellence in Student Media Awards
- General newspaper excellence
- General website excellence
- Best overall design
California Newspaper Publishers Association – Campus Excellence in Journalism Awards
Los Angeles Press Club – SoCal Journalism Awards
- Best college newspaper
- Best news website
Awards last updated in May 2017
Daily Bruin Hall of FameEdit
- Class of 2000: William E. Forbes (1906?–1999), class of 1927, president of the Southern California Music Co. and a regent of the University of California.:20–21
- Class of 2001: Flora Lewis (1918–2002), class of 1939, foreign correspondent and columnist.:45
- Class of 2002: Stanley Rubin (1917-2014), class of 1936, Emmy award-winning screenwriter and producer.
- Class of 2003: Frank Mankiewicz (1924–2014), class of 1947, screenwriter, regional director of the Peace Corps, press attache for Sen. Robert F. Kennedy.:90–91
- Class of 2004: Harry Shearer (1943– ), actor and writer
- Class of 2005: Martin A. (Marty) Sklar (1934–2017), vice chairman and principal creative executive for Walt Disney Imagineering.:146
Other Notable Alumni (chronological)
- Ralph Bunche (1903 or 1904–1971), political scientist, diplomat and recipient of the 1950 Nobel Peace Prize.:14
- Gilbert A. Harrison (1915–2008), class of 1935, editor of the New Republic magazine.:44–45 and elsewhere
- Togo Tanaka (1916–2009), editor of the Rafu Shimpo newspaper, later sent to the Manzanar internment camp.
- Ben Shapiro (1984– ), class of 2004,conservative commentator, attorney, radio talk show host.
- Clancy Sigal (1926–2017), class of 1950, writer.:101 and elsewhere
- Bill Stout (1927–1989), KNXT-TV newsman.:73–74 and elsewhere
- Gene Frumkin (1928–2007), class of 1951, journalist, poet and professor.:101 and elsewhere
- Fredy Perlman (1934–1985), class of 1955, author, publisher and activist.:143, 152
- Jerry Farber (1935– ), English professor and author of The Student as Nigger.:146, 152
- Tony Auth (1942–2014), class of 1965, Pulitzer Prize-winning cartoonist for the Philadelphia Inquirer.
- David Shaw (1943–2005), class of 1965, Pulitzer Prize-winning writer for the Los Angeles Times who was known for his media criticism.
- Sondhi Limthongkul (1947– ), Thai journalist and opposition leader.
- Steve Hartman (sportscaster) (1958– ), sportscaster for KLAC Radio and KCBS Television
- Frank Spotnitz (1960– ), executive producer of the X-Files.
- Doug Chiang (1962– ), design director of Star Wars: The Phantom Menace and Star Wars: Attack of the Clones at LucasFilm. Academy Award winner 1993.
If not cited here, references can be found within the articles.
Notes and referencesEdit
- "Daily Bruin About Page". Daily Bruin. Retrieved 30 June 2016.
- "Daily Bruin About Page". Daily Bruin. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
- April 2014 "Daily Bruin Recruitment Website" Check
- Garrigues, George. Loud Bark and Curious Eyes: A History of the UCLA Daily Bruin, 1919–1955
- "This Month in History," UCLA History Project
- Ackerman, William C. (1969). My Fifty Year Love-in at UCLA. Los Angeles: Fashion Press. ISBN 978-0-86557-299-7.
- Filsuf,Darius (2005). "Daily Bruin". UCLA in the 1960s. Archived from the original on 2007-02-24. Retrieved 2007-04-07.
- Hurley, Christopher; Rajwani, Naheed (13 November 2013). "Future of UCLA Student Media uncertain due to shrinking budget". Daily Bruin. Retrieved 5 October 2016.
- Chiu, Evolet (6 May 2016). "Students approve all four referenda on USAC election ballot". Daily Bruin. Retrieved 5 October 2016.
- George Garrigues, Loud Bark and Curious Eyes, page 42
- George Garrigues, "Loud Bark and Curious Eyes," page 77
- FANUCCHI, KENNETH J. (24 January 1985). "Three Seek $500-a-Month Job : UCLA Board to Fill Bruin Editor's Post" – via LA Times.
- "UCLA Board Names New Bruin Editor". 3 February 1985 – via LA Times.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-07-05. Retrieved 2016-08-01.
- Woo, Elaine. "Togo W. Tanaka dies at 93; journalist documented life at Manzanar internment camp", Los Angeles Times, July 5, 2009. Accessed July 7, 2009.