Thamarāt al Funūn (Arabic: Fruit of the Arts) was a Lebanese biweekly that was published between 1875 and 1908 in Beirut. It was one of the significant publications and the sole media outlet of the Lebanese Muslims during that period.
|Founded||20 April 1875|
|Ceased publication||20 November 1908|
History and profileEdit
Thamarāt al Funūn was launched in 1875, and the first issue appeared on 20 April 1875. The founding owner of the biweekly was Jamʿiyyat al-Funun (Arabic: Society of the Arts) led by Saad al Din Hamada. When the society was closed, Abdel Qader Qabbani bought the biweekly. He was also one of the editors-in-chief of the paper which was a supporter of the Ottoman Empire. Another editor-in-chief was Yusuf Al Asir who also edited Lisan Al Hal. Al Asir attempt to produce a synthesis between the East and West in Thamarāt al Funūn.
Contributors and contentEdit
In addition to Muslim contributors some significant Christian authors also published articles in Thamarāt al Funūn, including Adib Ishaq and Yaqub Sarruf. Frequent topics featured in Thamarāt al Funūn were women's status and education which were presented in a unique manner. However, from the 1890s the biweekly adopted a conservative Islamist approach and frequently featured the writings of the leading conservative figures such as Mohammad Abduh and Ahmad Tabbara. The latter replaced Abd al Qadir al Qabbani as the editor-in-chief in 1898.
Thamarāt al Funūn initially produced news based on the translations of the telegraph messages sent by the major news agencies such as Reuters and Havas. The paper was subject to censorship exerted by the Ottomans. For instance, the biweekly published news on the deaths of leading statesmen of the period such as French President Sadi Carnot, Qajar ruler Nasir al Din Shah and Italian King Umberto who were all assassinated without using the word assassination.
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