In Greek mythology and religion, Thalia or Thaleia (// or //; Ancient Greek: Θάλεια Tháleia "the joyous, the abundance") was one of the three Charites, referred to as the Gratiae (Graces) within ancient Rome, along with her sisters Aglaea and Euphrosyne.
Goddess of festivity and rich banquets
|Member of The Charites|
|Major cult centre||Boeotia|
|Parents||Zeus and Eurynome|
|Siblings||Euphrosyne and Aglaea|
Typically, they were the daughters of Zeus and Oceanid Eurynome. Alternative parentage may be Zeus and Eurydome, Eurymedousa, or Euanthe; Dionysus and Kronois; or Helios and the Naiad Aegle.
In art, they were usually depicted dancing in a circle. Thalia was the goddess of festivity and rich banquets and was associated with Aphrodite as part of her retinue. The Greek word thalia is an adjective applied to banquets, meaning rich, plentiful, luxuriant and abundant.
Thalia depicted with her sisters in Antonio Canova's sculpture, The Three Graces.
In popular cultureEdit
- Hesiod, Theogony, 907
- Cornutus, Compendium of Greek Theology, 15
- Nonnus, Dionysiaca, 15.87 & 48.530
- Pausanias, Description of Greece, 9.35.5
- Homeric Hymn 5 to Aphrodite, 58
- Homer, Iliad, 8.360-369
- Stephenson, Neal (1995). The diamond age or, Young lady’s illustrated primer. New York, NY: Bantam Spectra. pp. 240 & 283. ISBN 0-553-09609-5.
- "Thalia Grace". Rick Riordan. Retrieved March 24, 2020.
- Apollodoros, Library (I, 3, 1).
- Hesiod, Theogony (v. 907-909).
- Orphic hymns (LIX on the Charites).
- Pausanias, Description of Greece (IX, 35, 1).
- Pindar, Odes (Olympics, 14, str. 1-2).
- Grimal, Pierre, over&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false The Dictionary of Classical Mythology, Wiley-Blackwell, 1996, ISBN 978-0-631-20102-1. "Thalia" 2. p. 442.
- Smith, William; Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, London (1873). "Thaleia" 4.