It was constructed at the orders of emperor Minh Mạng in 1822-1823 for the purposes of ancestor worship of the past emperors of the Nguyễn Dynasty. It was modeled after the Taimiao in the Forbidden City of Beijing, China.
Nine dynastic urns (cửu đỉnh 九鼎) opposite of the Thế Miếu were also cast in 1822 and dedicated to the first nine Nguyen emperors. These urns are similar to the legendary Nine Tripod Cauldrons (Chinese jiǔdǐng 九鼎) of China's Xia, Shang and Zhou Dynasties.
Another temple nearby is the Triệu Tổ miếu.
- Frommer's Vietnam: with Angkor Wat Ron Emmons - 2012 "Visit the Hue Citadel, taking in some of its renovated buildings such as the Thai Hoa Palace and the Mieu Temple; this will probably occupy you for most of the day,"