Teru Hasegawa

Teru Hasegawa (長谷川テル, Hasegawa Teru) (7 March 1912 – 14 January 1947) was a Japanese Esperantist,[1] also known by her Esperanto pen name Verda Majo (green May).[1][2]

Teru Hasegawa
Teru Hasegawa.JPG
Hasegawa Teruko

(1912-03-07)March 7, 1912
DiedJanuary 14, 1947(1947-01-14) (aged 34)
Other names“Verda Majo” (Green May)


Teru Hasegawa was born Hasegawa Teruko (長谷川照子) in 1912 as the second of three children. In 1929 she enrolled at the Women's College of Education in Nara prefecture. She became acquainted to leftist literary circles, and Esperantist circles. She married Liu Ren, who was from Manchuria, in 1936.[2] In April 1937 she went to China. She joined the Chinese resistance to Japan, where she made broadcasts aimed at the Japanese Army.[3]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b "Hasegawa Teru". Nihon jinmei daijiten+Plus (in Japanese). Kōdansha. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
  2. ^ a b Gotelind Müller (2013). "Hasegawa Teru Alias Verda Majo (1912-1947): A Japanese woman esperantist in the Chinese anti-Japanese war of resistance" (PDF). University of Heidelberg.
  3. ^ "Verda Majo – A Sincere Friend Dedicated to China". China.org.cn. 2005-11-18.

Further readingEdit

  • Barak Kushner (2006). The Thought War Japanese Imperial Propaganda. University of Hawai'i Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-2920-9.
  • Crossing Empire's Edge: Foreign Ministry Police and Japanese Expansionism in Northeast Asia By Erik Esselstrom Page 139

External linksEdit