Terrell v Secretary of State for the Colonies

Terrell v Secretary of State for the Colonies [1953] 2 QB 482 is an English case concerning the tenure of colonial judges.

Terrell v Secretary of State for the Colonies
CourtHigh Court, Queen's Bench Division
Decided19 June 1953
Citation(s)[1953] 2 QB 482; [1953] 3 WLR 331
Court membership
Judge(s) sittingLord Goddard CJ

FactsEdit

In 1930, Terrell was appointed to be a puisne judge of the Supreme Court of Malaya. By a letter written on behalf of the Secretary of State for the Colonies, he was informed that his compulsory retirement age as judge was 62. In 1942, Malaya was invaded and occupied by Japan. As a result, the Secretary of State informed Terrell that his service was no longer required, and his appointment was terminated on 7 July 1942, 17 months before his mandatory retirement age.

Terrell contested the validity of his retirement. The case was referred to an arbitrator, who found against Terrell, who appealed to the High Court.

JudgmentEdit

Lord Goddard found that the termination of Terrell's appointment was valid. In particular, he rejected the contention that Terrell could only be removed by the Sovereign on presentation of addresses by both houses of Parliament, pursuant to the procedure set out in section 3 of the Act of Settlement. Colonial judges, unlike judges of English superior courts, held their offices at the Sovereign's pleasure, and could be dismissed at any time before their mandatory retirement age.

ReferencesEdit