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Tenofovir alafenamide

Tenofovir alafenamide (trade name Vemlidy) is a nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor and a prodrug of tenofovir. It was developed by Gilead Sciences based on the protide technology of Chris McGuigan for use in the treatment of HIV infection and chronic hepatitis B, and is applied in the form of tenofovir alafenamide fumarate (TAF). Closely related to the commonly used reverse-transcriptase inhibitor tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF), TAF has greater antiviral activity and better distribution into lymphoid tissues than that agent.[2][3] Vemlidy was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in November 2016.[4]

Tenofovir alafenamide
Tenofovir alafenamide structure.svg
Clinical data
Trade namesVemlidy
Genvoya (with elvitegravir, cobicistat and emtricitabine)
Odefsey (with emtricitabine and rilpivirine)
Descovy (with emtricitabine)
Other namesGS-7340
License data
Routes of
administration
Oral (tablets)
ATC code
Legal status
Legal status
  • In general: ℞ (Prescription only)
Pharmacokinetic data
Protein binding~80%[1]
Elimination half-life0.51 hours
ExcretionFeces (31.7%), urine (<1%)
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
DrugBank
ChemSpider
UNII
KEGG
ChEBI
ChEMBL
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC21H29N6O5P
Molar mass476.466 g/mol g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
Tenofovir alafenamide fumarate, the salt used in drug formulations.

Gilead announced a Phase III clinical trial evaluating a single-tablet regimen combining tenofovir alafenamide with cobicistat, emtricitabine and elvitegravir[5] and developed a coformulation of the drug with cobicistat, emtricitabine and the protease inhibitor darunavir.[6][7][8] In a 48-week study comparing elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil (trade name Stribild) to elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (trade name Genvoya), the results showed the newer drug to be noninferior to the established agent, but at much lower dosages and with lower incidence of adverse side effects such as impaired kidney function.[9][10][11] The FDA approved the TAF-based treatment regimen for treatment of HIV-1 in November 2015.[12] Genvoya is the first TAF-based regimen to receive approval.[12]

Fixed-dose combinations containing tenofovir alafenamideEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "GENVOYA (elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide) Tablets, for Oral Use. Full Prescribing Information" (PDF). Gilead Sciences.
  2. ^ Eisenberg EJ, He GX, Lee WA (2001). "Metabolism of GS-7340, a novel phenyl monophosphoramidate intracellular prodrug of PMPA, in blood". Nucleosides Nucleotides Nucleic Acids. 20 (4–7): 1091–8. doi:10.1081/NCN-100002496. PMID 11562963.
  3. ^ M Markowitz, A Zolopa, et al. GS-7340 Demonstrates Greater Declines in HIV-1 RNA than Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate During 14 Days of Monotherapy in HIV-1 Infected Subjects. 18th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections 2 Mar 2011. Paper # 152LB
  4. ^ "FDA Approves Vemlidy (tenofovir alafenamide) for Chronic Hepatitis B in Adults". United States Department of Health and Human Services. 21 November 2016. Archived from the original on 11 October 2019. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
  5. ^ "Gilead Initiates Phase 3 Clinical Program for Tenofovir Alafenamide, a Novel Low-Dose Prodrug for the Treatment of HIV" (Press release). Gilead. 24 January 2013. Archived from the original on 11 October 2019.
  6. ^ "Gilead Sciences Finalizes Agreement with Tibotec Pharmaceuticals to Develop and Commercialize a Single-Tablet Regimen of Prezista with Emtriva, GS 7340 and Cobicistat". Gilead Sciences (Press release). 15 November 2011. Archived from the original on 11 October 2019. Retrieved 10 October 2019.
  7. ^ GS-7340 Packs Greater HIV Punch, Potentially Better Safety, Versus Viread Horn, Tim. 15 Mar 2012. AIDSmeds.com
  8. ^ Pharmacokinetics of a Novel EVG/COBI/FTC/GS-7340 Single Tablet Regimen. 13th International Workshop on Clinical Pharmacology of HIV Therapy. Barcelona, Spain. April 16–18, 2012.
  9. ^ Once-Daily Tenofovir Prodrug Combo Pill as Effective as Stribild. AIDSmeds.com 1 Nov 2012.
  10. ^ CROI 2013: New Pro-drug Tenofovir Alafenamide Appears Equally Effective but Better Tolerated. Highleyman, Liz. HIVandHepatitis.com. 6 March 2013.
  11. ^ Horn, T. et al. Tenefovir Alafenamide Fumarate (TAF) Sign-On Letter to Gilead. 13 June 2013. Treatment Action Group.
  12. ^ a b "U.S. Food and Drug Administration Approves Gilead's Single Tablet Regimen Genvoya (Elvitegravir, Cobicistat, Emtricitabine and Tenofovir Alafenamide) for Treatment of HIV-1 Infection" (Press release). Gilead. 5 November 2015. Archived from the original on 8 November 2015.
  13. ^ "Odefsey (emtricitabine, rilpivirine, and tenofovir alafenamide) Tablets, for Oral Use. U.S. Full Prescribing Information" (PDF). Gilead Sciences. Retrieved 2 March 2016.
  14. ^ "Descovy (emtricitabine and tenofovir alafenamide) Tablets, for Oral Use. U.S. Full Prescribing Information" (PDF). Gilead Sciences. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
  15. ^ "FDA approves second drug to prevent HIV infection as part of ongoing efforts to end the HIV epidemic". U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). 3 October 2019. Archived from the original on 11 October 2019. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
  16. ^ Mandavilli, Apoorva (4 October 2019). "F.D.A. Approves New H.I.V.-Prevention Drug, but Not for Everyone". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
  17. ^ "Symtuza Full Prescribing Information" (PDF). Janssen Pharmaceutical. May 2019.
  18. ^ "Comparison of tenofovir prodrugs: TAF vs TDF". DRUG R&D INSIGHT. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
  19. ^ Murakami E, Tolstykh T, Bao H, et al. (November 2010). "Mechanism of activation of PSI-7851 and its diastereoisomer PSI-7977". J. Biol. Chem. 285 (45): 34337–47. doi:10.1074/jbc.M110.161802. PMC 2966047. PMID 20801890.

External linksEdit