In higher criticism, the Tendenz of a literary work is its drift or bias, sometimes also the actual authorial intent. Tendenzkritic is the analysis of a work to determine its aim or purpose. The term comes from the German for "tendency" (itself derived from English or French) and was coined in the 19th century. It is especially associated with the biblical criticism of F. C. Baur.
- Richard N. Soulen, R. Kendall Soulen (eds.), Handbook of Biblical Criticism, 3rd rev. ed. (Westminster John Knox Press, 2001), p. 187, s.v. "Tendenz Criticism".
- Jennifer Speake and Mark LaFlaur (eds.), The Oxford Essential Dictionary of Foreign Terms in English (Oxford University Press, 1999), s.v. "tendenz".