Tempo (Italian magazine)

Tempo (meaning Time in English) was an Italian language illustrated weekly news magazine published in Milan, Italy, between 1939 and 1976 with a temporary interruption during World War II.

Tempo
Logo Il Tempo giugno 1939 Mondadori.jpg
Copertina Tempo n1 giugno 1939 Mondadori.jpg
Cover of the first issue, June 1939
Former editorsAlberto Mondadori
Indro Montanelli
CategoriesNews magazine
FrequencyWeekly
Year founded1939
First issue9 June 1939
Final issue1976
CompanyMondadori
Palazzi
CountryItaly
Based inMilan
LanguageItalian
ISSN1128-2959
OCLC436686743

History and profileEdit

Tempo was first published on 9 June 1939,[1][2] being the first full colour illustrated Italian magazine.[3] The founding company was Mondadori.[2][4] The magazine was modelled on the American magazines Life[2] and Newsweek.[5]

Tempo was edited by Alberto Mondadori, son of Arnoldo Mondadori.[6][7] Indro Montanelli was the first editor-in-chief of the magazine.[6] From its start in 1939 to September 1943 Bruno Munari served as the art director for the magazine and for another Mondadori title, Grazia.[8][9] The early contributors for Tempo were Massimo Bontempelli, Curzio Malaparte,[10] Lamberti Sorrentino, and Salvatore Quasimodo.[11] The magazine also included the work by photographers John Philiphs who previously worked for Life, and Federico Patellani.[11]

The headquarters of Tempo was in Milan.[12] Major sections of the magazine included politics, news, literature and art.[3] Although it was modeled on Life, unlike it Tempo covered much more political topics.[3]

By 1942 Tempo had editions published in eight different languages,[2] including Albanian, Croatian, French, Greek, Rumanian, Spanish, German and Hungarian.[6] On 8 September 1943 the magazine stopped publication following the occupation of northern Italy by German army during World War II.[3][11] In 1946 Mondadori sold the magazine to Aldo Palazzi.[10] Then the magazine was relaunched and was both owned and published by Palazzi.[12][13] During this period it held a centrist political stance.[12]

Tempo sold 500,000 copies in 1955 making it one of the most read magazines in Italy.[14] In the 1960s the magazine frequently carried political and news articles with moderate and conservative tones.[15] In 1976 the magazine ceased publication.[16]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "1940s/1950s/Early 1960s Italian People's Magazines". Listal. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d Guido Bonsaver (2007). Censorship and Literature in Fascist Italy. University of Toronto Press. p. 234. ISBN 978-0-8020-9496-4.
  3. ^ a b c d Alessandro Colizzi (Spring 2013). "Milan's anarchic Modernist". Eye Magazine. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  4. ^ "Arnoldo Mondadori Editore S.p.A. - Company Profile". Reference for Business. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  5. ^ Adam Arvidsson (2003). Marketing Modernity: Italian Advertising from Fascism to Postmodernity. New York: Routledge. p. 23. ISBN 978-1138880023.
  6. ^ a b c Ignazio Weiss (May 1960). "The Illustrated Newsweeklies in Italy". International Communication Gazette. 6 (2). doi:10.1177/001654926000600207. Archived from the original on 9 April 2015.
  7. ^ David Forgacs; Stephen Gundle (2007). Mass Culture and Italian Society from Fascism to the Cold War. Indiana University Press. p. 103. ISBN 978-0-253-21948-0.
  8. ^ "Bruno Munari: art director, 1943-1944". Domus. 24 March 2012. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  9. ^ Joan Roman Resina (April 2011). "Magazines, Modernity and War (review)". Modernism/modernity. 18 (2): 460. doi:10.1353/mod.2011.0034.
  10. ^ a b Sanna Kristiina Salo. "The propaganda discourses used by Oggi and Tempo in Italy during the right-wing power consolidation 1950-1953" (PDF). University of Oulu. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
  11. ^ a b c "La Rivista Tempo". Romano Archives. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  12. ^ a b c Gabriella Ciampi de Claricini (February 1965). "Topical weeklies in Italy". International Communication Gazette. 11 (1): 12–26. doi:10.1177/001654926501100102.
  13. ^ J. H. Schacht (March 1970). "Italian Weekly Magazines Bloom Wildly but Need Pruning". Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly. 47 (1): 138–141. doi:10.1177/107769907004700119. S2CID 144061856.
  14. ^ Luisa Cigognetti; Lorenza Servetti (1996). "'On her side': female images in Italian cinema and the popular press, 1945–1955". Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television. 16 (4): 556. doi:10.1080/01439689600260541.
  15. ^ Laura Ciglioni (2017). "Italian Public Opinion in the Atomic Age: Mass-market Magazines Facing Nuclear Issues (1963–1967)". Cold War History. 17 (3): 205–221. doi:10.1080/14682745.2017.1291633. S2CID 157614168.
  16. ^ "Publishing in Milan". Storie Milanesi. Retrieved 25 April 2015.