Tempo (Italian magazine)

Tempo (Italian: Time) was an Italian language illustrated weekly news magazine published in Milan, Italy, between 1939 and 1976 with a temporary interruption during World War II.

Logo Il Tempo giugno 1939 Mondadori.jpg
Copertina Tempo n1 giugno 1939 Mondadori.jpg
Cover of the first issue, June 1939
Former editors
CategoriesNews magazine
First issue9 June 1939
Final issue1976
Based inMilan

History and profileEdit

Tempo was first published on 9 June 1939,[1][2] being the first full colour illustrated Italian magazine.[3] It was subtitled as Settimanale di politica, informazione, letteratura e arte (Italian: Political, informational, literary and art weekly).[4] The founding company was Mondadori.[2] The magazine was modelled on the American magazines Life[2] and Newsweek.[5]

The headquarters of Tempo was in Milan.[6] By 1942 The magazine had editions published in eight different languages,[2] including Albanian, Croatian, French, Greek, Rumanian, Spanish, German and Hungarian.[7] The German edition existed between 1940 and 1943 and was also published by Mondadori.[4]

On 8 September 1943 the magazine stopped publication following the occupation of northern Italy by German army during World War II.[3][8] In 1946 Mondadori sold the magazine to Aldo Palazzi.[9] Then the magazine was relaunched and was both owned and published by Palazzi.[6][10] During this period it held a centrist political stance.[6] In the 1950s Tempo was less sentimental and adopted a progressive and secular political stance.[11]

Tempo sold 500,000 copies in 1955 making it one of the most read magazines in Italy.[12] In the 1960s the magazine frequently carried political and news articles with moderate and conservative tones.[13] In 1976 the magazine ceased publication.[14]

Editors and contributorsEdit

Tempo was edited by Alberto Mondadori, son of Arnoldo Mondadori.[7][15] Indro Montanelli was the first editor-in-chief of the magazine.[7] From its start in 1939 to September 1943 Bruno Munari served as the art director for the magazine and for another Mondadori title, Grazia.[16][17] The early contributors for Tempo were Massimo Bontempelli, Curzio Malaparte,[9] Lamberti Sorrentino, and Salvatore Quasimodo.[8] In the late 1960s Pier Paolo Pasolini was the editor of an advice column named Il caos (Italian: Chaos).[18] The magazine also included the work by photographers John Philiphs who previously worked for Life, and Federico Patellani.[8]


Major sections of the magazine included politics, news, literature and art.[3] Although it was modeled on Life, unlike it Tempo covered much more political topics.[3]

The cover of its 22nd issue (dated 16–22 June 1946) became the symbol of the freshly-proclaimed Italian Republic. The photo, taken by the magazine's photographer Federico Patellani (1911–1977), features a smiling young woman holding an issue of Corriere della Sera newspaper with the headline "È nata la repubblica Italiana" (Italian: The Italian republic is born), with her head sticking out through the newspaper.[19] The woman was identified in 2016 as Anna Iberti (1922–1997), who at the time worked as a clerk in administration in the socialist newspaper Avanti!.[20][21]

In 1948 Tempo published the interview with the Italian bandit Salvatore Giuliano by the American journalist Michael Stern which was originally published in True magazine in 1947.[11]


  1. ^ "1940s/1950s/Early 1960s Italian People's Magazines". Listal. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d Guido Bonsaver (2007). Censorship and Literature in Fascist Italy. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. p. 234. ISBN 978-0-8020-9496-4.
  3. ^ a b c d Alessandro Colizzi (Spring 2013). "Milan's anarchic Modernist". Eye Magazine. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  4. ^ a b Anna Antonello (2016). "The Milan-Hamburg axis: Italy for German readers (1940-1944)". Modern Italy. 21 (2): 125–126. doi:10.1017/mit.2016.10. S2CID 148426427.
  5. ^ Adam Arvidsson (2003). Marketing Modernity: Italian Advertising from Fascism to Postmodernity. New York: Routledge. p. 23. ISBN 978-1138880023.
  6. ^ a b c Gabriella Ciampi de Claricini (February 1965). "Topical weeklies in Italy". International Communication Gazette. 11 (1): 12–26. doi:10.1177/001654926501100102. S2CID 220894320.
  7. ^ a b c Ignazio Weiss (May 1960). "The Illustrated Newsweeklies in Italy". International Communication Gazette. 6 (2): 169–179. doi:10.1177/001654926000600207. S2CID 144855215.
  8. ^ a b c "La Rivista Tempo". Romano Archives. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  9. ^ a b Sanna Kristiina Salo. "The propaganda discourses used by Oggi and Tempo in Italy during the right-wing power consolidation 1950-1953" (PDF). University of Oulu. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
  10. ^ J. H. Schacht (March 1970). "Italian Weekly Magazines Bloom Wildly but Need Pruning". Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly. 47 (1): 138–141. doi:10.1177/107769907004700119. S2CID 144061856.
  11. ^ a b Jonathan Dunnage (2022). "Sicilian Bandits and the Italian state: Narratives about Crime and (in)Security in the Post-War Italian Press, 1948 – 1950". Cultural and Social History. 19 (2): 188, 190. doi:10.1080/14780038.2021.2002500. S2CID 244294027.
  12. ^ Luisa Cigognetti; Lorenza Servetti (1996). "'On her side': female images in Italian cinema and the popular press, 1945–1955". Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television. 16 (4): 556. doi:10.1080/01439689600260541.
  13. ^ Laura Ciglioni (2017). "Italian Public Opinion in the Atomic Age: Mass-market Magazines Facing Nuclear Issues (1963–1967)". Cold War History. 17 (3): 205–221. doi:10.1080/14682745.2017.1291633. S2CID 157614168.
  14. ^ "Publishing in Milan". Storie Milanesi. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  15. ^ David Forgacs; Stephen Gundle (2007). Mass Culture and Italian Society from Fascism to the Cold War. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press. p. 103. ISBN 978-0-253-21948-0.
  16. ^ "Bruno Munari: art director, 1943-1944". Domus. 24 March 2012. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  17. ^ Joan Roman Resina (April 2011). "Magazines, Modernity and War (review)". Modernism/modernity. 18 (2): 460. doi:10.1353/mod.2011.0034. S2CID 143889463.
  18. ^ Emma Baron (2018). Popular High Culture in Italian Media, 1950–1970. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 55. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-90963-9_3. ISBN 978-3-319-90963-9.
  19. ^ Tempo 15-06-1946, Flickr, 30 December 2017, retrieved 30 July 2022
  20. ^ Bianca Petrucci (22 May 2021). "The mystery behind the girl of the Repubblica". Il Confronto Quotidiano. Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  21. ^ "Storia di Anna, la ragazza simbolo della Repubblica Italiana". La Repubblica (in Italian). 24 April 2016. Retrieved 30 July 2022.

External linksEdit