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  1. For a biography article of an individual who has authored plant names, to provide the standard author abbreviation used for that individual.
  2. To create a footnote that links to the International Plant Names Index (IPNI) entry corresponding to that abbreviation, botanist "IPNI. C. Bab.[1]"

- - -(clicking on the standard abbreviation for the author in the footnote (i.e. C. Bab.) takes you to the author's search page on the IPNI with the heading "You searched on: Standard form = C.Bab. " and displaying the abbreviation and the full name of the author:C.Bab. - Churchill Babington 1821–1889
- - -Again, clicking on the abbreviation there takes you to the Author details page displaying "Babington, Churchill (1821–1899).[2]

  1. To add the Category:Botanists with author abbreviations

For the very rare cases where an individual has two separate author abbreviations, use {{Botanist2}}.


{{botanist|''author abbreviation''}} e.g. {{botanist|C.Bab.}} for Churchill Babington
{{botanist|''author abbreviation''|inline=yes}}
{{botanist|''author abbreviation''|border=0}}
{{botanist|''author abbreviation''|cite-mode=cs2}}

Note: Older versions required both the standard abbreviation and the full name,
e.g. {{botanist|C.Bab.|Babington, Churchill}}.
This is no longer required, but does not require any modification of this usage of the template on older pages.


The default is to present the information in a separate paragraph with a 2px wide gray border at the top and bottom of the text. To use inline, use the second form above, i.e. add |inline=yes. To use as a separate paragraph but without a border, use the third form above, i.e. add |border=0.


The template must be placed above the references section or the automated reference included in the template will not display and a cite error may be present on the article. Some authors prefer to place the template along with a list of the author's publications while others choose to put it near prose text about the author's botanical contributions. Placement, as long as it is above the references section, is mostly a stylistic matter.

When using this template, even in a stub article, you must also include a references section and one of the following: {{reflist}} or <references/>. See Help:Footnotes for more.

Citation style

By default, the template generates a citation to IPNI in citation style CS1 (periods/full stops between items). To use in an article which uses citation style CS2 (commas between items), add |cite-mode=cs2.

Author abbreviation

To encourage consistency the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICBN) recommends (Recommendation 46A.4, Note 1) the use of Brummitt & Powell's Authors of plant names (1992), where each author of a botanical name has been assigned a unique abbreviation.[3][4] These standard abbreviations can be found at the IPNI, Author Query page. For example, in:


The HTML markup produced by this template includes an hCard microformat, which makes the person's name parsable by computers, either acting automatically to catalogue articles across Wikipedia or via a browser tool operated by a reader, to (for example) add the subject to an address book. For more information about the use of microformats on Wikipedia, please see the microformat project.

To include a URL, use {{URL}}.


The hCard in this template uses at least some of these HTML classes:

  • agent
  • family-name
  • fn (required)
  • given-name
  • honorific-prefix
  • honorific-suffix
  • n
  • nickname
  • org
  • url
  • vcard

Please do not rename or remove these classes nor collapse nested elements which use them.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ IPNI. C.Bab.
  2. ^ Author Details: Babington, Churchill (1821–1889)
  3. ^ "International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (Vienna Code), Electronic version". International Association for Plant Taxonomy. 2006. Retrieved 2009-11-19.
  4. ^ Brummitt, R. K.; C. E. Powell (1992). Authors of Plant Names. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ISBN 1-84246-085-4.