Sheba Medical Center
Chaim Sheba Medical Center at Tel HaShomer (Hebrew: המרכז הרפואי ע"ש חיים שיבא – תל השומר), also Tel HaShomer Hospital, is the largest hospital in Israel, located in the Tel HaShomer neighborhood of Ramat Gan, in the Tel Aviv District. In 2020, Newsweek ranked it as the 9th-best hospital in the world.
|Sheba Medical Center|
|Location||Tel HaShomer, Ramat Gan, Israel|
|Affiliated university||Tel Aviv University|
|Lists||Hospitals in Israel|
The hospital was established in 1948 as Israel's first military hospital, to treat Israeli casualties of 1948 Arab-Israeli War. It was founded in a cluster of abandoned military barracks from the Mandate era, and was originally known as Army Hospital No. 5. Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion had it renamed Tel HaShomer Hospital. In 1953, it became a civilian hospital, and Dr. Chaim Sheba became its director. Following Sheba's death, the hospital was renamed in his honor.
Situated on a 800-dunam (0.80 km2; 0.31 sq mi) campus in east Ramat Gan, Sheba operates 120 departments and clinics. It has 1,430 beds, about 1,250 physicians, 2,300 nurses and 1,500 other healthcare workers. Sheba also employs 1,700 other staff, and nearly 1,000 long-term volunteers, researchers and foreign interns.
It handles over 1,000,000.5 patient visits a year, including 200,000 emergency visits annually, and conducts more than two million medical tests of all types each year, on a $320 million (approximate) annual budget. Sheba is supported by donations from a network of philanthropists and friends from around the world.
Sheba includes an acute care hospital, a rehabilitation hospital (one of the largest rehabilitation hospitals in the world, with 800 beds and 14 buildings), a women's hospital, a children's hospital, an eating disorder clinic, a PTSD clinic for soldiers, a laboratory division, an outpatient division, and an academic campus.
The medical center is also home to the Israel National Center for Health Policy and Epidemiology Research (equivalent to the U.S. National Institutes of Health), the internationally acclaimed Israel National Center for Medical Simulation (MSR), the Israel National Blood Bank and Cord Blood Bank, and the Safra International Congenital Heart Center.
Other major centers at Sheba include the Sheba Cancer Treatment and Research Centers, the Sheba Heart Center that was donated by Lev Leviev, and the Tel Hashomer Medical Research, Infrastructure and Services Co. Ltd., which provides global consulting and training services  There is also a special rehabilitation hotel, the Shilev Hotel, for recuperating patients. It has 36 double rooms outfitted like ordinary hotels rooms, and a medical wing complete with a doctors office, nurses room, and treatment room.
The medical center also maintains a hotel for guests who wish to remain close to a patient, and two shopping malls.
Sheba provides services to patients from across the Middle East, including many patients (especially children) from the Palestinian Authority. It also provides guidance and mentoring in the planning, construction and operation of healthcare systems and hospitals around the world. Sheba has helped to found a multi-disciplinary clinic in Ukraine, an imaging Center in Uzbekistan, a medical center in the Republic of Equatorial Guinea, an oncology center in Mauritania, a polyclinic in the Ivory Coast, and more. Sheba has sent medical support to Kosovo, Armenia, Cambodia, Sri Lanka, and Rwanda. Many patients from the Palestinian Authority and the Arab world are treated at Sheba. Former Israeli prime minister Ariel Sharon was hospitalized at Sheba in May and November 2006.
A large proportion of clinical research in Israel is conducted at Sheba. It is the main clinical trial venue for human health scientific studies conducted by the Weizmann Institute of Science, Tel Aviv University and Bar-Ilan University. In 2011, Sheba topped the list of Israeli hospitals for revenue acquired through research, at NIS 42.4 million, but came second in 2012.
Scientific research at Sheba includes a study of pregnancy after transplantation of cryopreserved ovarian tissue in a patient with ovarian failure after chemotherapy; a study of alginate-based stem cell biomaterial injected into heart attack victims that may repair heart tissue; and a study showing that heavy cell phone users are subject to a higher risks of benign and malignant tumors of the salivary gland. The Israeli company Ventor Technologies developed a novel type of heart valve which can be implanted by catheterization rather than open-heart surgery at Sheba. This invention was sold to medical device maker Medtronic in 2009 for US$325 million, of which about 10% went to Sheba Medical Center.
In October 2020, the hospital piloted a rapid coronavirus test that detects protein portions of the virus and yields results within two to 15 minutes.
Training foreign studentsEdit
In 2011, the hospital signed agreements with St. George’s University in London and with the University of Nicosia (Cyprus) to train medical students for a fee of 25,000 euros per student and to award them MBBS degrees. Deans of several Israeli medical schools, including Yosef Mekori of the Sackler Faculty of Medicine at Tel Aviv University, and Rivka Carmi, president of the Ben-Gurion University, criticised the programme, which they say will hurt the quality of the medical education received by Israeli students and damage medical care in Israel.
In 2018, the Israeli Finance Ministry reported that some hospitals gave priority to medical tourists over Israelis and mentioned that Sheba Medical Center had earned 129 million shekels from medical tourists in the previous year.
Death of Omar Abu JaribanEdit
On 12 June 2008 at 11 a.m., Sheba Medical Centre discharged Omar Abu Jariban, despite still needing medical attention and being in a confused state, and handed him over to the police. Two days later, he was found dead by the side of Route 443, barefoot, still wearing a hospital gown, a catheter and a diaper. Abu Jariban, a Palestinian from Gaza, had allegedly stolen a car and was seriously injured in an accident on 28 May 2008. He was treated at Sheba Medical Centre, but discharged in very poor condition to the police. They first took him to Rehovot police station, but then dumped him by the side of a highway, barefoot and without food or water. He died from dehydration. After his body was identified, the police and hospital staff blamed each other for his death. In 2012, two Israeli police officers involved were convicted of negligent homicide and were sentenced to two and a half years in prison. Damages were paid to the family of the victim in the name of the police and the hospital.
Nurse suspended for Facebook postingEdit
In 2014, during the attack of the Israeli Army on the Gaza Strip (2014 Israel–Gaza conflict), a Palestinian nurse of the clinic posted on Facebook that “the Israel Defense Forces are war criminals, only killing innocent people, and the state is claiming [it is done] ‘by mistake and we are investigating the incident.’” Hospital director Zeev Rotstein suspended the nurse for two weeks, writing that the nurse’s statement constituted a “disciplinary offense”. In accordance with a labour court rule, the hospital revoked the suspension, while the nurse dropped the request for an injunction against the suspension and apologized in writing to the hospital management for the post on his Facebook page.
Psychiatric patient killed by guardsEdit
In 2020, Mustafa Younis, a Palestinian with Israeli citizenship, came to the clinic for a psychiatric examination. Inside the hospital, he threatened two people with a knife, but hurt nobody. Hospital security guards followed him and forcibly removed him from his car as he was about to leave. Younis stabbed one guard in the head, injuring him lightly. The guards disarmed and incapacitated him on the ground, then proceeded to shoot him five or six times and killed him. Only after several protests, the police opened an investigation into the killing.
- "Table 10: Listed Hospitalization Beds by Institution and Department – General Hospitalization Institutions". מיטות אשפוז ועמדות ברישוי [Hospitalization Beds and Licensing Counters] (PDF) (Report) (in Hebrew). Israel Ministry of Health. January 2020. p. 24. Retrieved November 9, 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Ayala Hurwicz (May 7, 2007). "Sheba – Largest Hospital in Israel" (in Hebrew). Retrieved September 14, 2007. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link),
- "The 10 Best Hospitals in the World". Newsweek. 3 March 2020. Retrieved 3 June 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Sheba History
- "Facts & Figures". Sheba Medical Center. Retrieved November 9, 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Supporting Sheba". sheba.co.il. Retrieved August 30, 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "The Rehabilitation Hospital". sheba.co.il. Retrieved August 30, 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "The Edmond and Lily Safra Children's Hospital". sheba.co.il. Retrieved August 30, 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Israel Center for Medical Simulation". Msr.org.il. Retrieved August 30, 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "The Sheba Cancer Research Center". sheba.co.il. Retrieved August 30, 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Lev Leviev Heart Center". Heart.sheba.co.il. Retrieved August 30, 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Sheba International". sheba.co.il. Retrieved August 30, 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Visitor Information
- Dr. Yitshak Kreiss: Reinventing Israel's bigegst hospital
- Linder-Gantz, Roni (February 11, 2013). "Record Income For Hospitals for Clinical Research: NIS 370 Million". TheMarker (in Hebrew). Retrieved February 12, 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Pregnancy after Transplantation of Cryopreserved Ovarian Tissue in a Patient with Ovarian Failure after Chemotherapy". New England Journal of Medicine. 353: 318–321. doi:10.1056/NEJMc055237. Retrieved August 30, 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Graber, Cynthia. "Can Seaweed Mend a Broken Heart". Sciam.com. Retrieved August 30, 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Heavy Cell Phone Use Linked To Cancer, Study Suggests". Sciencedaily.com. February 15, 2008. Retrieved August 30, 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Medtronic acquires heart valve startup Ventor Technologies for $325 million". Israelhealthcare.wordpress.com. February 24, 2009. Retrieved August 30, 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Two minutes to positive? Sheba trialing new antigen coronavirus test, Jerusalem Post
- Dan Even: Med Schools Rail as Sheba Plans to Prefer Foreign Interns Haaretz, 15 March 2011.
- Ronny Linder: Medical Tourists Get Priority at Israelis’ Expense, Says Report Haaretz, 10 April 2018.
- Chaim Levinson: How Israeli Negligence Led to the Death of a Palestinian Car Thief Haaretz, 20 February 2012; David Grossman: למה מי מת? Haaretz, 24 February 2012; Israeli police convicted over Palestinian death BBC, 28 May 2012; Family of Palestinian who was left for dead wins damages Yediot Ahronot, 9 June 2012; Oz Rosenberg: Israel Court Sends Police Officers to Prison for Leaving Palestinian to Die by Side of Road Haaretz, 9 July 2012; Chaim Levinson: State Settles With Family of Palestinian Left to Die by Israel Police, Will Pay Damages Haaretz, 6 September 2012; Yonah Jeremy Bob: Court upholds conviction of police officers who left Palestinian to die Jerusalem Post, 25 February 2014; Rabbi Michael Lerner: The Devastating Impact of Israeli Insensitivity Tikkun Daily, 7 March 2012; Noam Leshem (2017): “Spaces of Abandonment: Genealogies, Lives and Critical Horizons”, in: Environment and Planning D : Society and Space 35.4, pp. 620–636, https://doi.org/10.1177/0263775816683189.
- Revital Hovel: Arab Nurse Suspended From Sheba for Facebook Post to Be Reinstated Haaretz, 1 July 2014; Or Kashti, Eli Ashkenazi, Nir Hasson: Workplaces Discipline Israeli Arabs for Facebook Posts Against Gaza Incursion Haaretz, 23 July 2014; Ricky Ben-David, Marissa Newman, Haviv Rettig Gur: US slams ‘indefensible’ Israeli strike; PA could press war crimes charges; PM says tackling tunnels 1st step to demilitarized Gaza Times of Israel, 31 July 2014; David Brinn: Don’t let dissent be stifled Jerusalem Post, 31 July 2014.
- Josh Breiner, Jack Khoury: Man Fatally Shot While Incapacitated Outside Israeli Hospital After Attempted Stabbing Haaretz, 14 May 2020; Tzvi Joffre: Man killed at Sheba hospital after stabbing guard Jerusalem Post, 14 May 2020; Leon Sverdlov: Clashes erupt in Wadi Ara over Sheba stabber's death Jerusalem Post, 15 May 2020; Jack Khoury: Ten People Arrested at Protest Over Death of Arab Man After Attempted Stabbing Haaretz, 14 May 2020; Jack Khoury: Dozens Protest Fatal Shooting of Mentally Ill Israeli Arab Who Stabbed Hospital Guard Haaretz, 18 May 2020; Sondos Saleh: Mustafa Went to Tel Aviv for Hospital Tests. He Was Shot Dead Haaretz, 18 May 2020; Guards who shot Sheba stabber to be interrogated under caution Jerusalem Post, 10 June 2020; Josh Breiner, Jack Khoury: Police Investigate Hospital Guards Who Killed Mentally Ill Israeli Arab Haaretz, 10 June 2020.