St George's, University of London
St George's, University of London (legally St George's Hospital Medical School, informally St George's or SGUL), is a medical school located in Tooting in South London and is a constituent college of the University of London. St George's has its origins in 1733, and was the second institution in England to provide formal training courses for doctors (after the University of Oxford). St George's affiliated with the University of London soon after the latter's establishment in 1836.
|Type||Public research university|
|Chancellor||HRH The Princess Royal (University of London)|
St George Hospital Medical School was originally established in 1733 as part of St George's Hospital at Hyde Park Corner (now the site of The Lanesborough hotel), in central London. The medical school was relocated, together with St George's Hospital to Tooting, South London in 1980. A joint faculty with Kingston University, the Faculty of Health and Social Care Sciences, has increased the variety of allied healthcare courses offered at St George's, including Nursing, Physiotherapy, Paramedic Science and Radiography.
St George's was the first institution in the United Kingdom to offer a four-year graduate entry Medicine degree based on the programme from Flinders University, with which it has an exchange programme. The first intake was in 2000 with 35 students and the course has since been emulated by many other universities. Entry to the course is highly competitive with candidates being required to sit the GAMSAT as part of the application process.
In 2008, St George's announced that it planned to merge with Royal Holloway to form a single institution within the University of London. The merger was called off in a joint statement by the two colleges' principals on 25 September 2009. St George's intends to keep working with Royal Holloway in the field of health and social care along with its well-established Joint Faculty with Kingston University. St George's, Kingston University and Royal Holloway will continue to collaborate in the field of health and social care as part of the existing SWan (South West London Academic Network) healthcare alliance.
Teaching facilities at the campus include clinical skills laboratories and a simulation suite allowing students to practice based on real-life situations including surgical and medical emergencies. The university library houses approximately 42,000 books and subscribes to over 10,000 journals.
Previously, the Rob Lowe Sports Centre located at the St George's Hospital grounds provided sporting facilities to students and staff, including a sports hall, three squash courts, and weights and fitness rooms. However, the site has recently been decommissioned, with only the sports hall retained. Students have used other facilities instead, including the nearby Tooting Leisure Centre.
|Times / Sunday Times (2019)||80|
|British Government assessment|
|Teaching Excellence Framework||Bronze|
St George's offers foundation and undergraduate degrees at its site in Tooting in medical, biomedical and healthcare sciences, including: Biomedical Science BSc (Hons), Biomedical Science Foundation Degree, Healthcare Practice DipHE and BSc (Hons), Healthcare Practice Foundation Degree, Healthcare Science (Physiological Sciences) BSc (Hons), Medicine (four-year graduate stream) MBBS4, Medicine (five-year) MBBS5, and Medicine (six-year) MBBS6, Physician Associate Studies MSc.
In partnership with Kingston University, the joint Faculty of Health and Social Care Sciences also offers degrees in physiotherapy, paramedic science, nursing, midwifery, social work and diagnostic or therapeutic radiography.
St George's, in partnership with INTO University Partners, has also formed a joint venture, INTO SGUL, to offer a Foundation in Medical, Biomedical and Health Sciences for international students whose qualifications do not allow direct progression into Bachelors level study in the UK, and a six-year MBBS and a four-year graduate stream MBBS programme specifically for international students, with clinical placements overseas. The first student cohort on each international MBBS programme entered St George's in September 2012.
Outside of the UK, the MBBS4 is also offered in Nicosia, Cyprus, through a partnership between St George's and the University of Nicosia. The new programme was inaugurated and the first student cohort commenced in Nicosia in September 2011. The programme at the University of Nicosia features international clinical placements in Israel and the USA.
St George's also offers numerous research and taught postgraduate degrees.
St George's uses the integrated approach which involves the use of both Case Based Learning (CBL), Problem Based Learning (PBL) and a traditional style of learning with the use of lectures and tutorials. The degree of PBL used in teaching varies between courses, for example, being a major part of the Medicine (Graduate Entry) course but not prominently within the Biomedical Sciences curriculum. Anatomy is taught at St George's through prosections and practical within the dissecting room, with anatomical dissection being optional as part of the Summer Dissection Programme.
In the medical curriculum, preclinical teaching (first and second year in the undergraduate stream, and first year in the graduate stream) is largely based on lectures and tutorials held at the St George's campus, with a few weeks worth of attachments to various hospital departments. The third year of the undergraduate stream and second year of the graduate stream, also known as Transitional (T) year, comprises three blocks of PBL with lectures and tutorials and three blocks of clinical placements in medicine, surgery and general practice. Subsequent clinical years of either course are spent on clinical placements of various specialities, with teaching occurring as lecture weeks prior to each placement block, or teaching which occurs at hospital sites led by clinical staff.
Clinical placements for students on Medical degrees are mainly at St. George's Hospital, and at other sites such as Kingston Hospital, Croydon University Hospital, St Helier Hospital and Epsom General Hospital. Other further sites, such as Frimley Park Hospital, St Peter's Hospital and Margate Hospital are sites for placements during the later years of medical school.
The St George's Students' Union (SGSU) organises various activities including fancy dress discos and a Rag Week, the annual series of fund-raising events. In recent years the Union has become more politically aware and shown greater interest in National Union of Students and British Medical Association activities.
Each new student at St George's is assigned a 'mum' or 'dad' in the year above. These 'parents' act as mentors for the new students, giving them advice about the course, often tutoring them when needed, as well as buying them drinks during Freshers' Week and beyond. Over the years the family expands to include siblings, uncles, aunts, grandparents etc., spanning all the years of the various courses.
St George's enters a team into the British television quiz programme University Challenge each year and has previously excelled through the competition, especially in the field of medicine - unsurprisingly.
Academic, cultural and religious societiesEdit
There are several societies run by students at St George's focussed on several different aspects of academia, ranging from the Henry Gray Anatomical Society, St George's Surgical Society, Clinical Neuroscience Society, Cardiology Society and Paediatrics Society. Several clubs and societies cater to different segments of the student population, including cultural groups such as the Association of Chinese and British University Students (ABACUS), Afro-Caribbean Society or Arab Society. Religious groups include the Islamic Society and the Christian Union
Many student groups at St George's produce yearly performances, mostly focused on dancing and singing. Some of these groups include the Diwali Show, Fashion Show, Tooting Show, St George's Revue, and the Musical Society.
St. George’s Hospital Medical School RFC is one of the oldest rugby clubs in the world having been founded in 1863.
St George's also has a number of other sports clubs including swimming, rowing, cheerleading, volleyball, fencing, football, netball, hockey and many others and participates in various competitions. As St George's is a member of the United Hospitals, the teams also compete in separate competitions with the five other medical schools within the University of London and that of Imperial College.
Halls of residenceEdit
The university runs a hall of residence, Horton Halls, a large modern site which first opened to new students in late September 2007, replacing St. George's Grove the old hall of residence.
1980s Student applications controversyEdit
In December 1986, it was discovered that a computer program used to process student applications at St. George's, written by Dr Geoffrey Franglen in 1979, had discriminated against non-Caucasians and female candidates by deliberately reducing their likelihood of being offered an interview. A Commission for Racial Equality inquiry found that this unfairly deprived 60 candidates a year, as well as finding that various senior academics were aware that the program was discriminatory several times between 1982 and 1986.
Notable alumni of St George's include:
- Joseph Adams (1756–1818), English physician and surgeon
- Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie (1783–1862), English physiologist and surgeon who pioneered research into bone and joint disease
- Henry Vandyke Carter (1831–1897), English anatomist, surgeon, and anatomical artist most notable for his illustrations of the book, Gray's Anatomy
- Walter Butler Cheadle (1836–1910), English paediatrician
- Sir Francis Darwin (1848–1925), botanist, son of Charles Darwin
- Sir John William Fisher (1788–1876), English surgeon
- Henry Gray FRS (1827–1861), English anatomist and surgeon most notable for publishing the book Gray's Anatomy
- Harry Hill (born 1964), English BAFTA Award-winning comedian, author and television presenter
- John Hunter (1728–1793), Scottish surgeon and anatomist
- William Hunter (1718–1783), Scottish anatomist and physician
- Edward Jenner FRS (1749–1823), English scientist and the first doctor to introduce and study the smallpox vaccine
- Henry Bence Jones (1813–1873), English physician, described Bence Jones protein
- Francis Laking (1847–1914), Surgeon-Apothecary to Queen Victoria, Physician in Ordinary to King Edward VII and George V
- Christine Lee, emeritus professor of haemophilia in the University of London
- Henry Marsh (born 1950), world renowned neurosurgeon
- Keith McCarthy (born 1960), writer of crime fiction
- Caroline Moore, UK's first woman Professor of Urology, University College London
- George Pearson FRS (1751–1858), physician, chemist and early advocate of Jenner's cowpox vaccination
- Paul Sinha (born 1970), Rose D'Or winning broadcaster and stand-up comedian
- Mike Stroud (born 1955), English physician and eminent explorer
- Patrick Christopher Steptoe (1913–1988), English obstetrician, gynaecologist and pioneer of fertility treatment. Responsible for developing in vitro fertilization
- David Webb (born 1953), clinical vice-president, British Pharmacological Society; vice-president, Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
- Edward Adrian Wilson (1872–1912), English polar explorer, physician, naturalist, painter and ornithologist
- Thomas Young (1773–1829), English polymath
Principals / DeansEdit
- "2016/17 Students by HE provider, level, mode and domicile" (CSV). Higher Education Statistics Agency. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
- "Secretariat Office". Governance - St George's, University of London.
-  Archived August 16, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
- The University of London 1836-1986 by Negley Harte (1986), p.96
-  Archived February 7, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- St George's Council decision on merger - SGUL
- Lipsett, Anthea (2008-10-01). "London universities merge". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 May 2010.
- Joint statement from St George's and Royal Holloway, University of London, 25/9/09 
- RHSG St George's, University of London and Royal Holloway joint statement 25/9/09 
- "RHUL website 25/9/09". Rhul.ac.uk. 2009-09-28. Archived from the original on 2009-10-01. Retrieved 2010-04-29.
- R. Attwood 'Finance worries kill off medical school merger' Times Higher Education 1/10/09 
- "University guide 2013: St George's, University of London". The Guardian. 29 May 2012. Retrieved 20 July 2012.
- "University League Table 2020". The Complete University Guide. 1 May 2019.
- "The Times and Sunday Times University Good University Guide 2019". Times Newspapers.
- "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2018". Shanghai Ranking Consultancy.
- "World University Rankings 2019". Times Higher Education.
- "Teaching Excellence Framework outcomes". Higher Education Funding Council for England.
- "St George's undergraduate courses A-Z". St George's, University of London. Archived from the original on 21 July 2012. Retrieved 20 July 2012.
- "Programmes in Medical and Health Sciences for international students". St George's, University of London. Archived from the original on 2012-10-29. Retrieved 2012-12-04.
- Official website of University of Nicosia and St George's
- Lowry S; Macpherson G. "A blot on the profession". Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 296: 657–8. doi:10.1136/bmj.296.6623.657. PMC 2545288. PMID 3128356.
- Brian Randell (2 February 1987). "Computerised Discrimination (an update), 30 January 1987". The Risks Digest. ACM Committee on Computers and Public Policy. 4 (5).
- Brian Randell (1 March 1988). "'Computer Programmed In Predjudice' [RISKS-4.27 revisited], 29 February 1988". The Risks Digest. ACM Committee on Computers and Public Policy. 6 (34).