The Tapti River (or Tapi) is a river in central India between the Godavari and Narmada rivers. It flows westwards over a length of 724 km (449.9 mi) before draining through the Gulf of Khambhat into the Arabian Sea. It flows through Surat, and is crossed by the Magdalla, ONGC Bridge.
|State||Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat|
|Cities||Nepanagar, Multai, Burhanpur, Bhusawal, Surat|
|Mouth||Gulf of Khambhat (Arabian Sea)|
|Dumas, Surat, Gujarat|
|Length||724 km (450 mi)approx.|
|⁃ location||Dumas Beach|
|⁃ average||489 m3/s (17,300 cu ft/s)|
|⁃ minimum||2 m3/s (71 cu ft/s)|
|⁃ maximum||9,830 m3/s (347,000 cu ft/s)|
The river Tapti rises in Satpura range, in Multai. Multai is located at 21.77°N 78.25°E location. It has an average elevation of 749 metres (2457 feet). Multai is the holy place and origin for river Tapti. The daughter of Surya, the Sun God, Mata Tapti is worshipped here in two different temples Prachin Mandir and Naveen Mandir. The Multai town is decorated on Akhad Saptami Tapti Janmotsav and an annual Mela is organized on this occasion.
At Khandwa-Burhandpur Gap the rivers Tapti and Narmada come close to each other. On 7 August 1968, before the construction of the Ukai Dam to bring its waters under control and provide hydroelectric power, the Tapti River overflowed its banks during heavy rains during the monsoon season. More than 1,000 people drowned in the flood, and the city of Surat was submerged beneath 10 feet of water for several days. After the floodwaters receded, at least 1,000 more people died in Gujarat state during a cholera epidemic from the contamination of the drinking water.
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