The Tanjaro (Arabic: نهر تنجيرو‎), also spelled Tanjero, is a river in the Kurdistan Region in Iraq. It arises near the city Sulaymaniyah through the confluence of the rivers Kiliasan and Kani-Ban and flows into the Darbandikhan Dam reservoir after 58 kilometers.

RegionKurdistan Region
Physical characteristics
SourceConfluence of Kiliasan and Kani-Ban
 • coordinates35°29′35″N 45°23′22″E / 35.49306°N 45.38944°E / 35.49306; 45.38944
 • elevation680 m (2,230 ft)
MouthDarbandikhan Dam
 • coordinates
35°16′35″N 45°51′9″E / 35.27639°N 45.85250°E / 35.27639; 45.85250
Length58 km (36 mi)

Neolithic site of BestansurEdit

Bestansur is an archaeological site on the left bank of the river occupied during the Neolithic period. A sherd dated to 6500-6200 cal BC with an imprint of a possible fishing net has been found there, indicating the exploitation of riverine resources.


Due to the discharge of untreated wastewater and industrial wastewater, as well as wild garbage dumps in the bank area, the river is heavily polluted by heavy metals and other pollutants.[1] Agriculture also suffers from water pollution because the water is no longer suitable for irrigating the fields.[2] In the Darbandichan reservoir, pollution from the Tanjero periodically leads to fish kill in Summer.[3]


  1. ^ Nigar A. Aziz, Sabah M. Salih, Nizar Y. Hama-Salh (2012), Universität Kirkuk (ed.), [Abstract online auf iasj.net (PDF; 775 kB) "Pollution of Tanjero River by Some Heavy Metals Generated from Sewage Wastwater [sic!] and Industrial Wastewater in Sulaimani District"] Check |url= value (help), Journal of Kirkuk University – Scientific Studies (in German), 12 (1)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ Hana Raouf (2011-08-26). "Polluted waterways could end agriculture around Sulaimaniyah, Iraqi Kurdistan". ekurd.net. Retrieved 2017-11-19.
  3. ^ "Darbandikhan Lake (S1)" (PDF; 582 kB). www.natureiraq.org. 2013-06-07. Retrieved 2017-11-19.