Tanganyika is one of the 26 provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Specified under Article 2 of the country's 2006 Constitution, Tanganyika was finally created in 2015 from the eponymous Tanganyika District, previously part of the pre-2015 Katanga Province. Its capital is Kalemie.
Province du Tanganyika
|Country||Democratic Republic of the Congo|
|• Governor||Zoé Kabila|
|• Total||134,940 km2 (52,100 sq mi)|
|• Density||22/km2 (58/sq mi)|
The new province's territory corresponds to the historic Nord-Katanga province that existed in the early period of post-colonial Democratic Republic of the Congo between 1962 and 1966.
Tanganyika province was the scene of a rebellion by the Luba-Katanga people against the independent state of Katanga. In 1961, it was reconquered by the Katanga state, only to be taken back by the Kinshasa government later that year. From July 11, 1962 to December 28, 1966, this area was known as the province of Nord-Katanga, but the administration of the province was taken over in 1966 by the central government, and it was finally merged into the restored Katanga Province by the Mobutu government, where it was administered as the Tanganyika District. In 2015, Tanganyika was restored to full provincial status.
In July 2006 that during the Second Congo War, Katanga province was divided by fighting between the Rally for Congolese Democracy – Goma (RCD-G) faction, supported by Rwanda, and the ex-government faction, supported by local Mai Mai troops. While the RCD-G and some Mai Mai militia have been subsumed into the Congolese army (FARDC), many Mai Mai elements remain outside of government control. According to UN forces (MONUC) in Kalemie, an estimated 5,000–6,000 Mai Mai militia were still active in the Tanganyika region and have strongholds around Nyunzu-Kabalo-Kongolo and the so-called "death triangle" of Manono-Mitwaba-Pweto. MONUC officials said at the time that the majority of these Mai Mai form small, unstructured units with no chain of command and have largely devolved into common bandits.
Presidents (from 1965, governors) of the former province were:
- 20 Oct 1960 – Mar 1961 Prosper Mwamba-Ilunga (1st time)
- 11 Sep 1962 – 27 Sep 1963 Prosper Mwamba-Ilunga (2nd time)
- 27 Sep 1963 – 15 Mar 1964 Jason Sendwe (1st time) (b. 1917 – d. 1964)
- 15 Mar 1964 – 21 Apr 1964 Fortunat Kabange Numbi (b. 1934 – d. 1964)
- 21 Apr 1964 – 18 Jun 1964 Jason Sendwe (2nd time) (s.a.)
- 22 Jun 1964 – Jul 1964 Ildephonse Masengo (b. c.1935 – d. 1969)
- (head of a provisional government for the whole Katanga province, in fact the territories occupied by the forces of the People's Republic)
- 22 Jul 1965 – 5 Nov 1966 Henri Ndala Kambola
- (administrator since Aug 1964?)
- "Congo (Kinshasa) provinces". Rulers. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
- Central Intelligence Agency (2016). "Democratic Republic of the Congo". The World Factbook. Langley, Virginia: Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
- "Constitution de la République démocratique du Congo: Article 2". Wikisource.
- U.S. Embassy Kinshasa, 06KINSHASA1080 North Katanga: The Weakest Security Link In The Volatile East?, 6 July 2006
- "Provinces of the Democratic Republic of Congo". Statiods.com.