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MusicBrainz Picard, a tag editor

A tag editor (or tagger) is a piece of software that supports editing metadata of multimedia file formats, rather than the actual file content. These are mainly taggers for common audio tagging formats like ID3, APE, and Vorbis comments (for example Windows Media Player and iTunes), but can also be taggers for JPEG, PDF and TIFF metadata (for example iPhoto).

A common purpose of tag editors is to correct or update metadata and enable sorting and grouping of multimedia files, for example music collections. This often happens in a batch processing mode so that one doesn't have to manually edit every file on its own.

Contents

Audio files editing techniquesEdit

ManualEdit

 
DigiKam, an image tag editor

Media players such as iTunes, Foobar2000 or Winamp, as well as dedicated tag editing programs allow users to manually edit tag and song file information, including composer and release year. Dedicated tag editors may feature batch processing and creating tags from file names and vice versa.

Online music databasesEdit

One type of tag editor compares the existing metadata in an audio file's tags with the information from online music databases, such as Gracenote, Discogs, freedb, Zortam Music Internet Database (ZMLIMD) or MusicBrainz. Once a match is found, complimentary metadata information may be downloaded. This process is semi-automatic because more than one match may be found.[1]

Acoustic fingerprintingEdit

An acoustic fingerprint is a unique code generated from an audio waveform. Depending upon the particular algorithm, acoustic fingerprints can be used to automatically categorize or identify an audio sample. Practical uses of acoustic fingerprinting include broadcast monitoring, identification of music and ads being played[2], peer-to-peer network monitoring, sound effect library management, and video identification.

Hash functionEdit

In hash function, for audio identification, such as finding out whether an MP3 file matches one of a list of known items, one could use a conventional hash function such as MD5, but this would be very sensitive to highly likely perturbations such as time-shifting, CD read errors, different compression algorithms or implementations or changes in volume. Using something like MD5 is useful as a first pass to find exactly-identical files, but another, more advanced algorithm is required to find all items that would nonetheless be interpreted as identical to a human listener.

List of tag editorsEdit

The following is a list of tag editors. Media players generally have tag editing capabilities and are not included.

Audio filesEdit

  • Free and open-source:
  • Proprietary software:
    • File Explorer – has limited tag editing capabilities on supported file formats such as MP3 and WMA
    • Jaikoz – Commercial package, available for Windows, Linux and OS X that uses the MusicBrainz database for auto-tagging. Supports embedded album art and auto-lyrics.
    • Mp3tagFreeware for Windows. Supports FLAC, APE, MP3, MPEG-4, MPC, OGG, OptimFROG, TAK, WMA, WavPack.
    • TagScanner – freeware for Windows. Supports FLAC, MP3, MPEG-4, OGG, WAV, WMA and other formats. Can generate music tags from file names and vice versa.

Image filesEdit

Video filesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Quick Start - MusicBrainz Picard". picard.musicbrainz.org. Retrieved 2018-09-14.
  2. ^ "ISO/IEC 21000", Encyclopedia of Multimedia, Springer US, pp. 376–376, ISBN 9780387747248, retrieved 2018-09-15