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Tabajara were one of the Tupi tribes of indigenous people who lived on the easternmost portion of the Atlantic coast of northeast Brazil in the period before and during Portuguese colonization. Their territory included portions of the modern states of Ceara, Paraiba, Rio Grande de Norte, and Pernambuco. The name means ''lord of the village'' from Tupi-Guarani taba village, and jara lord.
During the colonial period, populations of Indians, Tabajara among them, were decimated by being slaughtered by the colonists, driven inland, enslaved, dying of European introduced diseases and by intermarrying.
The Tabajara were allies of the French during their occupation of Maranhão Island (now the city and island of São Luis) in 1612-1615