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Thalir Thiran Thittam (TTT; Tamil: தளிர்த் திறன் திட்டம்; Gujarati: ટિમ ટિમ તારા, romanized: Tim Tim Tara; Hindi: टिम टिम तारे, romanized: Tim Tim Tare) is a life skills-based educational programme primarily designed for children and adolescents. With a motto of "Transformational Change Through Awareness, it was launched in 2008 by Madurai-based Aparajitha Foundations (the corporate social responsibility arm of Aparajitha Corporate Services. TTT has provided life skills education to 5,305,250 students at 39,498 schools in five Indian states (Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana and Madhya Pradesh) through the state education departments. Its objective is the development of life skills, essential to face the challenges of modern life, which are not provided in the regular school curriculum. The programme will help students realise their potential and adopt a wholesome approach to life.
|Type||Life Skills Education Programme|
|Bharath Krishna Sankar|
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines life skills as "abilities for adaptive and positive behaviour that enable humans to deal effectively with the demands and challenges of life." The United Nations' 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child defined the objectives of child education in sections (a) to (e) of article 29.[clarification needed] Aparajitha Foundations created TTT in 2008, based on these definitions.
Objectives, structure, and curriculumEdit
TTT was created with the following objectives:
- To equip students to make informed choices by providing them with skills needed to cope with issues and problems related to their survival and well-being
- To prepare students to become responsible, confident adults, enabling them to have self-esteem
- To make students fit for the real world in which they would be responsible citizens, contributing to themselves, their families and society at large
The programme has six stages: curriculum development, curriculum delivery, programme implementation, programme reinforcement, impact analysis and action research. Its curriculum is divided into 10 sections:
- 10 life skills, as listed by World Health Organisation (WHO):
- Values clarification
- Time management
- Goal setting
- Health and hygiene
- Gender sensitization
- Laws of the land
- Understanding the media
- Ecology and the environment
A pilot project was implemented in the 2008–2009 academic year at five higher secondary schools: two in Madurai, two government schools in Tirupathur in Sivaganga district, and one government school in Mallankinaru, Virudhunagar district. TTT was launched on 29 July 2008 at Government Higher Secondary School in Mallankinaru.
After the pilot project, TTT was extended to 2141 government-run high schools and 2018 government higher secondary schools in Tamil Nadu on 1 October 2009. In 2013, the programme was extended to government-aided schools. TTT for primary students has been provided at primary and middle schools run by the Madurai Municipal Corporation since 2015.
A memorandum of understanding was signed to implement TTT's Gujarati version, Tim Tim Tara, at 489 government-run schools and 6,769 government–aided schools in the 2011–12 academic year. Since the beginning of the 2018–19 academic year, the lessons have been telecast on EDUSAT.
Another MoU was signed in February 2016 to implement the Hindi version, Tim Tim Tare, at 71 Rajasthan government model higher secondary schools and 1,340 government higher secondary schools in the 2016–17 academic year. Since the 2018–19 academic year, life-skills education has been imparted on EDUSAT.
Tim Tim Tare (Hindi) was piloted at 270 schools in eight districts of Madhya Pradesh's Indore Zone during the 2016–17 academic year. The programme was extended to other schools in the zone during the 2017–18 academic year.
Analysis and researchEdit
Three studies have been undertaken to assess the programme's impact:
- Soft skills training to marginalised youth: issues and challenges – A study undertaken by Osheen Tripathi in 2013 for Rakshak, a Delhi–based organisation.
- Life Skills Program for the Young (Thalir Thiran Thittam) – A 2014 study by Professor Selvalakshmi of the Thiagarajar School of Management and two students
- An evaluation of Thalir Thiran Thittam by Dr. Preetha for her 2014 doctoral thesis at Bharathiar University
- Transformation Through Awareness : An organized approach in soft skills training, Aruna Raghuram, Parent Circle, April 2013, p. 24
- Seeds of Success, Thalir Thiran Thittam's Newsletter, Aparajitha Foundations, Madurai, October- December 2018 issue, p. 1.
- Dhalavai Sundaram, Pasanga Marittanga! (Children are different / Children have been transformed), Kumudam, Chennai, 8 December 2010, p. 126.
- Rhona Birrell Weisen and others, Life Skills Education in Schools, World Health Organization, Geneva, 1994 (Life skills are abilities for adaptive and positive behaviour that enable individuals to deal effectively with the demands and challenges of everyday life.) p. 1.
- Convention on the Rights of the Child : Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 44/25 of 20 November 1989 entry into force 2 September 1990, in accordance with article 49
- Thalir Thiran Thittam (A Transformational Change Through Awareness)
- Dr.S. Preetha, A Study on Evaluation of Thalir Thiran Thittam-A CSR initiative of Aparajitha Corporate Services in selected schools of Madurai district, Tamil Nadu, Bharathiyar University, Coimbatore, 2014 October, Page 36
- Selvalakshmi and others, Life Skills Program For The Young (Thalir Thiran Thittasm), Thiagarajar School of Management, Madurai, 2012
- Bharath Krishna Sankar and others, Thalir Thiran Thittam Life skills education: Teachers’ Handbook – Primary Schools, Aparajitha Foundations, Madurai, First edition (2017).
- Seeds of Success, Thalir Thiran Thittam Newsletter, Aparajitha Foundations, Madurai, January 2012 issue, pp. 7–8.
- Life Skills Development Programme at Government Aided Schools, The Hindu, Madurai, 13 July 2013,
- School Education (E2) Department, G.O.Ms. No.255, 1 October 2009.
- Proceedings of Madurai Corporation Education Officer, Ms. no A3/014652/15 (25 June 2015).
- Seeds of Success, Thalir Thiran Thittam Newsletter, Aparajitha Foundations, Madurai, January 2012 issue, p. 2.
- Seeds of Success, Thalir Thiran Thittam Newsletter, Aparajitha Foundations, Madurai, October- December 2018 issue, p. 7.
- Rajasthan Secondary Education Council, Government of Rajasthan, No.221/510, 5 February 2016.
- Rajasthan Secondary Education Council, Government of Rajasthan, No.7457, Date 12 October 2018.
- Seeds of Success, Thalir Thiran Thittam Newsletter, Aparajitha Foundations, Madurai, October 2017 issue, p. 6.
- Seeds of Success, Thalir Thiran Thittam Newsletter, Aparajitha Foundations, Madurai, October 2016 issue, p, 7.
- Seeds of Success, Thalir Thiran Thittam Newsletter, Aparajitha Foundations, Madurai, April 2018 issue, p. 3.
- WDI MAP Teams Help Partners with Operations, Strategy
- Multidisciplinary Action Projects (MAP)
- Article about TTT in Tamil Wikipedia
- TTT - An introduction
- Soma Basu, Lessons from outside the textbook, The Hindu, Madurai, 13-06-2012
- Aruna Raghuram, A recipe for success: Developing soft skills in children
- Thalir Thiran Thittam – Transformational Change through Awareness
- Thalir Thiran Thittam, transformational programme for adolescents - Video
- Enrichment Programs: Thalir Thiran Thittam