TMA Cargo

Trans Mediterranean Airways SAL, styled as TMA Cargo (Arabic: الخطوط الجوية عبر المتوسط‎), was a cargo airline based in Beirut, Lebanon. The airline restarted operations in 2010, following a six-year hiatus. It suspended operations once again in September 2014.[2]

Trans Mediterranean Airways
الخطوط الجوية عبر المتوسط
TMA Logo.png
IATA ICAO Callsign
T2[1] TMA TANGO LIMA
Founded1953
Commenced operations1953-2004
2010-2014
Ceased operations2014
HubsBeirut Rafic Hariri International Airport
Fleet size1
Destinations15 (59 prior to February 2004)
HeadquartersBeirut, Lebanon
Key peopleMazen Bsat (CEO)
Ralph Nehme(CFO)
Websitehttps://web.archive.org/web/20050608081055/http://www.tma.com.lb/

TMA Cargo was a member of IATA and of the Arab Air Carriers Organization.

HistoryEdit

 
TMA old logo, used until 2004.

The airline was established and started operations in 1953 as a non-scheduled carrier operating cargo and passenger services. It was certified as the only Lebanese scheduled all-cargo carrier in 1959. It acquired its first Douglas DC-4 four-engine cargo aircraft in May 1959 and its first pressurized Douglas DC-6A freighter in March 1963.

Trans Mediterranean Airways (TMA) was the first all-cargo carrier to establish round the world services in both directions. However the Lebanese crisis adversely affected TMA growth and operation. In November 1996, following the Lebanese "Horizon 2000" reconstruction plan, the airline took measures to modernise its operations, restructure activities and increase capital to around $40 million. TMA is owned by Lebanese Air Investment Holding (99.9%) and private investors (0.1%).

 
TMA Cargo Douglas DC-4 freighter operating a service to London Heathrow Airport in 1962
 
TMA Cargo Douglas DC-6A at Manchester Airport in 1964
 
A damaged TMA aircraft at Beirut Airport in 1982 during the Lebanese Civil War

In 2000, TMA introduced a new livery to their fleet. The new livery featured a white body with a grey belly, green 'TMA' and yellow 'CARGO' titles across the fuselage and new green decals on the tail.[3]

In 2002, TMA leased an Airbus A310-304F from Islandsflug during April to November,[4] to operate their European routes as the Boeing 707's had been banned from Europe. The airline also planned a new passenger charter airline called TMA-Leisure which would have leased an Airbus A320 aircraft to operate for Lebanese tour-operators. However, this never happened. During 2002, TMA made a $11 million loss.[5]

TMA ceased all flights in February 2004 when the Lebanese Civil Aviation Authority (LCAA) pulled its Air Operating Certificate (AOC) citing safety concerns over its aging Boeing 707 fleet. The airline was in serious financial troubles and as a result was unable to modernize its fleet.

In September 2005, there were reports that TMA was planning to relaunch operations with a renewed fleet by acquiring medium-haul freight aircraft to replace their grounded 707 fleet, small freighter aircraft for feeder routes, and two Boeing 747-200F aircraft for long-haul freighter flights to the far east, this never happened.

In 2008, Mazen Bsat, Lebanese investor, owner and CEO of Med Airways (formally Flying Carpet), bought TMA for $1 in exchange of clearing the airlines $60 million debt.[6]

In October 2009, TMA launched renovated facilities and a new image, following this TMA also announced that they are to relaunch services.[7] They acquired an Airbus A300-600F for the new cargo operations.[8] In February 2010, the aircraft was painted in the new TMA Cargo livery.[9]

DestinationsEdit

TMA Cargo has resumed scheduled operations to 14 destinations from their hub in Beirut. As well as the 14 scheduled destinations, TMA Cargo has also introduced charter flights on special request to various countries throughout Europe.

Historic FleetEdit

 
TMA Cargo A300-600RF OD-TMA at Schiphol

In September or December 2014, its last aircraft was returned to lessor.[10] TMA Cargo operated the following aircraft as of December 2012:[11]

TMA Cargo Fleet
Aircraft In Fleet Comment
Airbus A300F4-622R 1
Boeing 767-300F 1 operated by euroAtlantic Airways

TMA Cargo plans to add more Airbus A300 freighters once they begin to expand.[12]

HistoricEdit

TMA operated the following aircraft before ceasing operations in 2004:

Incidents and accidentsEdit

TMA had 14 incidents and accidents, four of which had fatalities. The total fatality count during operations (1953–2004) was 20.

TMA had the following incidents and accidents until ceasing operations in February 2004;[13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "IATA - Airline and Airport Code Search". iata.org. Archived from the original on 25 December 2018. Retrieved 11 April 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ "Lebanon's iconic Trans Mediterranean Airways suspends operations". ch-aviation. Archived from the original on 11 April 2015. Retrieved 11 April 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ "Photos: Boeing 707-321C Aircraft Pictures". Airliners.net. 2002-07-13. Archived from the original on 2013-10-17. Retrieved 2013-10-16. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ "Photos: Airbus A310-304(F) Aircraft Pictures". Airliners.net. 2002-11-22. Archived from the original on 2013-10-17. Retrieved 2013-10-16. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ [1] Archived April 29, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ [2] Archived October 12, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ [3]
  8. ^ "Naharnet — Lebanon's leading news destination". Naharnet.com. Retrieved 2013-10-16. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  9. ^ [4] Archived July 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ "D-AZMO EAT Leipzig Airbus A300-600 - cn 872". planespotters.net. Archived from the original on 15 April 2015. Retrieved 11 April 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  11. ^ "Aircraft and Fleet Lists". Ch-aviation.ch. Retrieved 2013-10-16. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  12. ^ "Tma Cargo". Tma.com.lb. Archived from the original on 2013-10-11. Retrieved 2013-10-16. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  13. ^ "Aviation Safety Network : ASN Aviation Safety Database". Aviation-safety.net. Archived from the original on 2012-10-25. Retrieved 2013-10-16. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  14. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas DC-4-1009 OD-AEC Brindisi-Papola Casale Airport (BDS)". Aviation-safety.net. 1962-07-09. Archived from the original on 2013-10-17. Retrieved 2013-10-16. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  15. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas C-54A-15-DC OD-AEB Koh-i-Safid Mountains". Aviation-safety.net. Archived from the original on 2013-10-17. Retrieved 2013-10-16. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  16. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas DC-6A OD-AEL Mt Parnon". Aviation-safety.net. 1966-03-10. Archived from the original on 2012-10-25. Retrieved 2013-10-16. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  17. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 707-327C OD-AFX Beirut International Airport (BEY)". Aviation-safety.net. 1979-07-23. Archived from the original on 2013-10-17. Retrieved 2013-10-16. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

External linksEdit