Symphony No. 3 (Nørgård)
In 1972, the Music Department of the Danish State Radio commissioned Nørgård to create a large-scale symphonic work. The Third Symphony was composed over the next three years, during which Nørgård was given the opportunity to test fragments of his composition with both small ensembles and a full orchestra. Though Nørgård does not normally test his compositions on any instrument, he considered it necessary to determine the limits of perceptible polyphony.
The compositional process resulted in a number of other works, including Lila, Libra, Turn, Spell, and Singe die Gärten. The last of these was incorporated into the symphony's second movement. The complete symphony was premiered in Copenhagen on 2 September 1976 by Herbert Blomstedt with the Danish National Symphony Orchestra.
The symphony has two movements:
The symphony is scored for three flutes (1st doubling alto flute, all doubling piccolo), two oboes and cor anglais, two clarinets (both doubling E flat clarinet), two bassoons and contrabassoon, four horns, three trumpets (1st doubling trumpet in D, 3rd doubling bass trumpet), three trombones, tuba, timpani, at least five percussionists (2 pairs of crash cymbals, sleighbells, tubular bells, crotales, glockenspiel, vibraphone, xylophone, marimba), descant recorder, one or two harps, piano, celesta, organ, strings, and two choirs.
- Jensen, Jørgen I. (1996). Booklet for Symphony No. 3 / Concerto In Due Tempi, Chandos Records.
- Nørgård, Per (1975). "Inside a Symphony," Numus West 12 (2).
- Kullberg, Erlin. "Symphony No. 3," pernoergaard.dk.
- Per Nørgård: Symphony No. 3 work information, G. Schirmer