Sydney Smith (Australian politician)

Sydney Smith (11 April 1856 – 21 February 1934) was an Australian politician. He began his parliamentary career in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly (1882–1898, 1900) and served as a government minister under Henry Parkes. He transferred to the new House of Representatives after Federation, representing the Division of Macquarie from 1901 to 1906. He served as Postmaster-General in the Reid government from 1904 to 1905.

Sydney Smith
Postmaster-General of Australia
In office
17 August 1904 – 5 July 1905
Prime MinisterGeorge Reid
Preceded byHugh Mahon
Succeeded byAustin Chapman
Member of the Australian Parliament
for Macquarie
In office
29 March 1901 – 12 December 1906
Preceded byNew seat
Succeeded byErnest Carr
Personal details
Born(1856-04-11)11 April 1856
Colyton, New South Wales
Died21 February 1934(1934-02-21) (aged 77)
Sydney
NationalityAustralian
Political partyFree Trade Party
OccupationGrazier

Early years

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Born in Colyton, near Penrith, west of Sydney, the son of a hotel keeper, Smith was educated at public schools before gaining work with the railways. Following his marriage in 1879, Smith turned to auctioneering and grazing before following his brother, Thomas Richard, into Parliament.

State politics

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Smith was first elected to the New South Wales Legislative Assembly in 1882, representing East Macquarie until its abolition in 1894 and then ran for nearby Bathurst. Described as "tall, spare and bearded" but "not renowned for his oratory skills", the non-smoking teetotaller was made Secretary for Mines by Henry Parkes in 1889 and the inaugural Secretary for Agriculture in 1890, in which position he founded Hawkesbury Agricultural College. He also found the time to serve as Mayor of Leichhardt Municipal Council from 1888–89.[1]

Smith lost his seat by 103 votes at the 1898 New South Wales election when he ran on what many considered to be an anti-federalist stance and ran unsuccessfully against Edmund Barton for Hastings and Macleay in the by-election later that same year,[2] before returning to the New South Wales Legislative Assembly in a by-election for Canterbury on 9 June 1900.[3] However, his victory (by five votes) was declared void,[4] and Smith was defeated at the subsequently reheld by-election on 28 July 1900.[1][5]

Federal politics

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Undated photo

While not a parliamentarian, Smith served on the executive of the Free Trade Party and began planning his campaign for a seat in the new federal parliament. He decided to contest Macquarie at the first federal election in 1901 but was given little chance of victory by observers and the local press, who pointed to his earlier anti-federal views and his recent electoral losses as proof that he exercised little influence amongst the electorate. Smith, however, gained the endorsement of the local branch of the influential Loyal Orange Lodge and the support of Free Trade Party leader George Reid—who enjoyed a large personal support amongst voters—and was elected. In 1903, he again won Macquarie, defeating William Sandford.

Smith served as a senior member of the Free Trade Party in opposition before helping to engineer the downfall of the Chris Watson government and its replacement by George Reid as Prime Minister. Widely considered Reid's most faithful henchman during his time in parliament, Smith was made Postmaster-General by Reid but retired from political life following his defeat at the 1906 elections.

Smith died in Sydney on 21 February 1934, preceded by his wife and youngest son, killed during the Gallipoli landings. Smith's eldest son, also named Sydney, served as president of the New South Wales Cricket Association from 1935–66.[6]

References

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  1. ^ a b "The Hon. Sydney Smith (1856–1934)". Former members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  2. ^ Green, Antony. "1898 Hastings and Macleay by-election". New South Wales Election Results 1856-2007. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 25 September 2020.
  3. ^ Green, Antony. "June 1900 Canterbury by-election". New South Wales Election Results 1856-2007. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 28 September 2019.
  4. ^ "The close contest at Canterbury: the election declared null and void". The Sydney Morning Herald. 17 July 1900. p. 8. Retrieved 12 September 2020 – via Trove.
  5. ^ Green, Antony. "July 1900 Canterbury by-election". New South Wales Election Results 1856-2007. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 28 September 2019.
  6. ^ Rutledge, Martha; Walsh, G. P. (1988). "Smith, Sydney (1856–1934)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. ISBN 978-0-522-84459-7. ISSN 1833-7538. OCLC 70677943. Retrieved 16 February 2010.

 

Parliament of New South Wales
Political offices
Preceded byas Secretary for Mines Secretary for Mines then
Secretary for Mines and Agriculture

1889 – 1891
Succeeded by
Preceded by Secretary for Mines and Agriculture
1894 – 1898
Succeeded by
New South Wales Legislative Assembly
Preceded by Member for East Macquarie
1882 – 1894
With: Combes / Shepherd / Tonkin
Succeeded by
District abolished
Preceded by Member for Bathurst
1894 – 1898
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member for Canterbury
1900
Succeeded by
Parliament of Australia
New division Member for Macquarie
1901 – 1906
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Postmaster-General
1904 – 1905
Succeeded by
Civic offices
Preceded by
Benjamin Robert Moore
Mayor of Leichhardt
1888 – 1889
Succeeded by
Benjamin Robert Moore