Sydney Smirke(20 December 1797 – 8 December 1877) was a British architect.
|Born||20 December 1797|
|Died||8 December 1877 (aged 79)|
Tunbridge Wells, Kent
|Awards||RIBA Royal Gold Medal|
|Buildings||The circular reading room at the British Museum|
Smirke who was born in London, England as the fifth son of painter Robert Smirke and his wife, Elizabeth Russell. He was the younger brother of Sir Robert Smirke and Sir Edward Smirke, who was also an architect. Their sister Mary Smirke was a noted painter and translator.
He received the RIBA Royal Gold Medal in 1860. He became an associate of the Royal Academy in 1847 and was elected a full Academician in 1859. He served as RA Treasurer from 1861 to 1874, and was professor of Architecture from 1860 to 1865.
Personal life edit
Among Smirke's numerous apprentices was the successful York architect George Fowler Jones.
Smirke's works edit
Sydney Smirke's works include:
- Customs House, High Street, Shoreham-by-Sea (1830)
- Customs House (refronting), Quayside, Newcastle upon Tyne, (1833)
- The Custom House, Queen Square, Bristol (1835–57)
- Wellington Pit Surface Buildings (Whitehaven) (1840)
- The nave roof of York Minster (1840–44)
- Holy Trinity Church, Bickerstaffe, Lancashire (1843)
- The Carlton Club in Pall Mall, London (1845)
- The Custom House, Commercial Road, Gloucester (1845)
- The dome chapel of the Bethlem Royal Hospital, St George's Fields, Southwark (now housing the Imperial War Museum) (1846)
- The Frewen Mausoleum at St Mary's Church, Northiam, East Sussex (1846)
- St. James' Church, Westhead, Lancashire (1850)
- St Mary the Virgin's Church, Theydon Bois (1850)
- The Derby Hall, Derby Hotel and Athenaeum in Bury (1849–52; the latter two now demolished)
- The circular reading room at the British Museum (1857)
- King Edward's School, Witley, Surrey (1865)
- Exhibition galleries at Burlington House, home of the Royal Academy (1868)
- England, Select Births and Christenings, 1538-1975
- "Smirke, Sydney (1798–1877), architect". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. 2004. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/25764. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Burke, Edmund (1842). "The Annual Register of World Events: A Review of the Year".
- Historic England. "Old Town Hall (1027866)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 March 2021.
- Historic England. "Customs House (1325530)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 9 July 2020.
- "CUSTOM HOUSE AND ATTACHED REAR AREA WALL AND PIERS, Non Civil Parish - 1282153 | Historic England".
- Historic England. "York Minster (1257222)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 9 July 2020.
- "Sir Robert Smirke and Sydney Smirke in Cumbria - Visit Cumbria".
- Darlington, Ida (1955). "'Bethlem Hospital (Imperial War Museum)', in Survey of London: Volume 25, St George's Fields (The Parishes of St. George the Martyr Southwark and St. Mary Newington)". London: British History Online. pp. 76–80. Retrieved 9 July 2020.
- Historic England. "Parish Church of St Mary (1337290)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 February 2016.
- "British Museum - Reading Room". www.britishmuseum.org.
- "Toll House – Lower Sandgate Road – Folkestone, Kent UK". www.waymarking.com. 4 January 2012. Retrieved 22 December 2013.