Swapnastha (13 November 1913 – 23 October 1970) was a Gujarati poet and story writer. His works were influenced by communism.

Swapnastha
BornBhanubhai/Laxminarayan Ranchhodbhai Vyas
(1913-11-13)13 November 1913
Rajkot, Rajkot State, British India
Died23 October 1970(1970-10-23) (aged 56)
OccupationPoet, story writer

BiographyEdit

Bhanubhai/Laxminarayan Ranchhodbhai Vyas was born on 13 November 1913 in Rajkot (now in Gujarat). He matriculated and worked with Zandu Pharmaceutical Works Limited from 1936 to 1944. In 1948, he moved to Bombay (now Mumbai) and worked with Asopalav, Nootan Gujarat and Hindustan publications.[1] Later he worked as a translator with the Publicity Department of USLR.[1][clarification needed] He died on 23 October 1970.[1][2]

WorksEdit

Swapnastha was a pseudonym of Vyas. He was an experimental and progressive poet who was influenced by communism and Karl Marx.[1][3][4] He also came under the influence of Rabindranath Tagore. Love is the main theme of his poetry.[5]

He had written some epic poems.[1] His poems were imaginative and original.[3] Achala (1937) is an epic tragic poem in Shikharini metre. Another of his epic poems is Vinashna Ansho, Maya (1938). His other epic poem Dharati (1946) has a story of human civilization in total of 1038 stanzas in Prithvi metre.[1]

His Ajampani Madhuri (1941) has more than hundred sonnets, songs and metrical poems. His Ravanhaththo (1942) has poems influenced by bhajans and folksongs and depicts social inequality and exploitation. Lal Surya (1968) has influences of communism. Chirvirah (1973) was published posthumously.[1]

Dinrat (1946) and Dhunina Pan (1950) are his collections of short stories depicting poverty, exploitation and inequality. Shodh (1937) is a novella written under pseudonym Mohan Shukla. J'hanavi (1953) is a novel depicting a love story of a two communists in backdrop of 1942 Quit India Movement.[1]

Yugpurush Gandhi (1943), Poonamna Poyana (1953) and Palatato Jamano (1957) are his works of translation. He coedited two works on Marxism; Sahitya Ane Sanskar (1944) and Sahitya Ane Pragati I-II (1940, 1945). Marxvad Mool Ane Saratatva also has Marxist philosophy.[1]

RecognitionEdit

Swapnastha was awarded the Soviet Land Nehru Award for 1966.[2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Brahmabhatt, Prasad (2007). અર્વાચીન ગુજરાતી સાહિત્યનો ઈતિહાસ (ગાંધીયુગ અને અનુગાંધી યુગ) Arvachin Gujarati Sahityano Itihas (Gandhiyug Ane Anugandhi Yug) [History of Modern Gujarati Literature (Gandhi Era & Post-Gandhi Era)] (in Gujarati). Ahmedabad: Parshwa Publication. pp. 170–171.[ISBN missing]
  2. ^ a b The Indian P.E.N. 36. Bombay: P.E.N. All-India Centre. 1970. p. 343.
  3. ^ a b Natarajan, Nalini; Nelson, Emmanuel Sampath (1996). Handbook of Twentieth-century Literatures of India. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 116. ISBN 978-0-313-28778-7.
  4. ^ Indian Literature. Sahitya Akademi. 1991. p. 26.
  5. ^ Lal, Mohan, ed. (1992). Encyclopaedia of Indian Literature: Sasay to Zorgot. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi. pp. 4251–4252. ISBN 978-81-260-1221-3.