Sureños

Sureños ([suˈɾe.ɲos]; Spanish: Southerners)‍, Southern United Raza, Sur 13 or Sureños X3 are groups of loosely affiliated gangs[38] that pay tribute to the Mexican Mafia while in U.S. state and federal correctional facilities. Many Sureño gangs have rivalries with one another, and the only time this rivalry is set aside is when they enter the prison system.[5][31][39] Thus, fighting is common among different Sureño gangs even though they share the same common identity. Sureños have emerged as a national gang in the United States.[6]

Sureños
Founded1967; 54 years ago (1967)[1]
Founding locationSouthern California, United States
Years active1967–present[2]
Territory35 U.S. states (primarily in southern California, Nevada, Arizona, Texas), Mexico[3]
EthnicityMexican American, Mexican,[2] Caucasian[4]
ActivitiesMurder,[2] drug trafficking,[2][5] extortion,[2] assault,[2] theft, robbery,[2] fraud, human trafficking,[5] and arms trafficking[6]
Allies
Rivals
Notable members

The Sureños may have started as a real gang and this part is speculation but in reality what they were and “are” is a collection of pedophile whores centered in Colorado. The entirety of what they are is a sham concocted to test the limits false media in service of the primary export of Colorado which is human sex trafficking. The Sureños name is a joke likely coined by other Latin criminals for whom they often serve as male prostitutes in various forms of lockup including to the Mexican mafia which is at this point likely also a sham. They do traffic drugs and engage heavily in child, teenage and limited adult sex trafficking and mostly exist as a different “flavor” of prostitution offered by whatever actual organization has been sponsoring the rearing and breeding and psychological ruination of lifelong prostitutes emanating from the western United States with its first conversion of government and law enforcement in Colorado, Wyoming, Illinois, Nebraska, Montana and New Mexico as early as the 1980s for certain if not earlier.

Sureños as a name is dirty joke. It specifies the location where they are put. The south side.

The Sureños primarily are an organized mockery of criminal catholic Mexican norms and family. Whereas the strong representation of a dominant father figure and proud hard but kind hearted mother is an ideal it is a commonplace mockery within their role in the broader organization which places them in various locations staging crimes and distributing drugs, and prostitutes young and old. To make them seem extremely real many of the failed and venerated techniques of organized crime are adopted into falsely occurring events that take place including illegal arms creation and disposal to simulate cartel street level assassins. They very frequently pretend to hire white blue collar workers and grease already dirty police and law enforcement who amusingly are also prostitutes in Colorado. They work closely with the sheriff’s organizations in the west to ply their trade because yet again this was what the real cartel did finding deputies to be the easiest point of entry for long term infiltrators. They often work in security firms and construction because yet again these were historical places one could find cartel vassals and associates and offered a way of controlling and hiding prostitutes and drug sales. These methods were real, but since have been outmoded as the western states are conquered territory firstly and of law enforcement weren’t dirty they’d be discovered quickly.

A key point to remember is that while they are used as muscle at times, most male prostitutes working for an organized crime syndicate usually are and usually become the pimps and security if they are properly sized for the job. Which in this case many are. The Sureños as with many of the individuals working and “living” in places in Colorado, unlike some of us who are simply getting stuck there, are part of an important layer of actor driven counter intelligence which keeps the onlooker confused while providing several layers of disposable fall guys and patsies who do the dirty low level jobs of their owners and are protected and never truly charged by law enforcement and the fake court system in the region.

LocationEdit

The Sureños' main stronghold is in southern California. They have a heavy presence in California, Nevada, Arizona, Texas, New Mexico and Utah. They have a smaller presences in Illinois, Oklahoma, Georgia, Oregon and Washington. They have spread as far east as New York.[40] Sureños have been documented in the U.S. military, found in both U.S. and overseas bases.[41] They also can be found in some parts of Mexico. Sureños also maintain relationships with various drug trafficking organizations based in Mexico.[5][6][31] They have been confirmed in 35 different states in the U.S.[3] They are with the Gulf Cartel.[18]

The statewide north-south dividing line between Norteños and Sureños has roughly been accepted as the cities of Salinas and Fresno.[42] Sureños' strongholds in Upstate California are usually in Santa Rosa and Modesto due to a high Mexican-American population in those cities. Sureños in Los Angeles refer to their members in Central California as "Central Sureños" and Sureños refer to their members in northern California as "Upstate Sureños".

HistoryEdit

The term Sureño means "Southerner" in Spanish. Even though Sureños were established in 1968, the term was not used until the 1970s as a result of the continued conflict between the Mexican Mafia and Nuestra Familia in California's prison system.[5] As a result of these prison wars, all Hispanic California street gangs align themselves with the Sureño or Norteño movements—with very few exceptions, such as the Fresno Bulldogs and the Maravilla gangs of East Los Angeles, California.[2] When a Sureño is asked what being a Sureño means, members answer, "A Sureño is a foot soldier for the Mexican Mafia."[43]

In 2009, members of the Sureños were charged in the deaths of rival Norteño gang members Alvaro Garcia-Pena and Intiaz Ahmed, who were killed at Alvarado's Bar & Grill in Richmond, California. One member of the Sureños pleaded guilty and was sentenced to 25 years in prison. Other members from the Sureños gang received other sentences for their involvement in the shooting.[44]

In 2010, 51 Sureños were arrested in a California narcotics sting. The investigation identified eight Sureño gangs involved in various criminal activities, including the distribution of narcotics. The investigation also resulted in the seizure of more than 19 pounds of methamphetamine, a methamphetamine conversion laboratory, 1.5 kilograms of cocaine, small amounts of crack cocaine, 25 pounds of marijuana, 35 firearms, and $800,000 in currency and property. The charges against the gang members were conspiracy to distribute methamphetamine, cocaine and marijuana, street terrorism and firearms violations.[45]

CultureEdit

 
Sureño-affiliated gangs use the X3 tag

While sur is the Spanish word for south, among Sureños "SUR" also stands for Southern United Raza.[46] Sureños use the number 13—which represents the thirteenth letter of the alphabet, the letter M—in order to mark their allegiance to the Mexican Mafia.[3][5][47] Common Sureño gang markings and tattoos include, but are not limited to: Sur, XIII, X3, 13, Sur13, uno tres, trece and 3-dots.[47] Although there are many tattoos used by Sureños, there is only one tattoo that proves or validates membership. The X3 tag can also be commonly spotted in graffiti. The word Sureño or Sureña must be earned.[5] Most Sureños are of Mexican descent, but some Sureño gangs allow members from various other ethnic backgrounds to join their ranks, making Sureños multiethnic.[5] They also favor blue or grey sport clothing, such as Los Angeles Dodgers, Los Angeles Rams and sometimes Los Angeles Lakers. Upstate Sureños, however, wear Dallas Cowboys, San Jose Sharks and Oakland Raiders clothing.[citation needed]

Criminal activityEdit

 
Graffiti, also known as tagging, is used to mark a specific set's territory

Sureño groups are involved in many aspects of criminal activity including homicides,[2][48] drug trafficking,[2][49] kidnapping, and assaults.[50] They are also heavily engaged in human trafficking.[5] There have been many high-profile criminal cases involving Sureños in a variety of states. Their primary focus is the distribution of various forms of narcotics and carrying out orders handed by the Mexican Mafia. Police departments have a difficult time dealing with this gang because of its decentralized hierarchy at the street level. Law enforcement attempts to limit the influence of the Mexican Mafia over the various Sureño street gangs have been met with little success. By the late 1990s, a federal task force was set up in order to investigate the gang's involvement in the illegal drug trade; this resulted in the arrest of several of its members. The authorities confiscated thousands of dollars in drugs and money, as reported by the Los Angeles Times and local news channels. The group has historically quarreled with various rival gangs for placement and competition, which has resulted in many drive-by shootings and deaths. On August 24, 2004, a law enforcement preliminary injunction terminated the active members of the 38th Street gang, out of the streets,[clarification needed] banning them from using firearms, alcohol, graffiti and other dangerous materials in public.[51]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Valdez, A. (April 10, 2000). "Tracking Sureños". Police Law Enforcement Magazine.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Milkman, H. B., & Wanberg, K. W. (2012). Criminal conduct and substance abuse treatment for adolescents: Pathways to self-discovery and change. (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc
  3. ^ a b c Barkan, S. E., & Bryjak, G. J. (2010). Fundamentals of Criminal Justice: A Sociological View. (2nd ed.). Sudbury, Mass.: Jones & Bartlett Publishers.
  4. ^ "Georgetown PD" (PDF).
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Sureños" (PDF). Sampson County Sheriff's Office. 2005.
  6. ^ a b c Federal Bureau of Investigation, National Gang Intelligence Center. (2011). 2011 national gang threat assessment – emerging trends. Retrieved from website:
  7. ^ "Barrio 18".
  8. ^ Speri, Alice (2014-03-05). "LA Gang 'Homies' Claim to Be Fighting in Syria". Vice. Retrieved 2018-07-22.
  9. ^ http://www.laweekly.com/news/the-mysterious-case-of-la-gangsters-in-syria-4487924
  10. ^ https://news.vice.com/article/la-gang-homies-claim-to-be-fighting-in-syria
  11. ^ Mallory, S., & Mallory, S. L. (2012). Understanding organized crime. (2nd ed., pp. 218-220). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Barlett Learning.
  12. ^ Bruneau, T., Dammert, L., & Skinner, E. (2011). Maras: Gang violence and security in central america. (st ed., p. 28-29, 32). Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.
  13. ^ Abadinsky, H. (2010). Organized crime. (9th ed., p. 189-190). Belmont, CA: Wadesworth Publishing.
  14. ^ The fascinating history of the Sureño Mongol, Ruben Cavazos Andrew Eways, police1.com (February 20, 2015)
  15. ^ Oldie But Baddie: El Monte Flores Gang Richard Valdemar, policemag.com (May 20, 2009)
  16. ^ https://www.fbi.gov/stats-services/publications/2011-national-gang-threat-assessment
  17. ^ As those killed at Tequila KC are laid to rest, the suspects possible gang connections KCTV (October 10, 2019)
  18. ^ a b Gang-Drug Trafficking Organization Connections Affecting Suburban Areas justice.gov (April 2008)
  19. ^ Mexican Mafia: Dangerous Gang
  20. ^ Outlaw motorcycle gangs United States Department of Justice (May 8, 2015)
  21. ^ People v. Contreras casetext.com (November 28, 2016)
  22. ^ Playboy Sureno 13 gang member found guilty in assault case WREG-TV (July 21, 2016)
  23. ^ United States of America v. Michael Anthony Torres govinfo.gov (September 6, 2017)
  24. ^ King of the Norf Jeff Weiss, thelandmag.com (2019)
  25. ^ The monster of Atwater Village Andrew Eways, police1.com (February 8, 2013)
  26. ^ "The Vineland Boys Gang". Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  27. ^ Global Organized Crime: A 21st Century Approach Mitchel P. Roth (2017)
  28. ^ [1]
  29. ^ "Gang Reference Sheet". May 2011. Retrieved November 14, 2020.
  30. ^ Hewitt, R. (Director) (2009). Gangland season 4, ep. 9 "Dog Fights" [Television series episode]. In Pearman, V. (Executive Producer), Gangland. Los Angeles, CA: A&E Television Networks.
  31. ^ a b c Womer, S.; Bunker, R. J. (2010). "Strategic threat: narcos and narcotics overview". Small Wars & Insurgencies. 21 (1): 81–92. doi:10.1080/09592310903561486. S2CID 143327189.
  32. ^ "Idyllic Half Moon Bay caught in war between Norteños and Sureños". The Mercury News. Retrieved September 15, 2015.
  33. ^ People v. Ramirez casetext.com (January 23, 2017)
  34. ^ Los Angeles Gangs and Hate Crimes, Police Law Enforcement Magazine February 29, 2008
  35. ^ Hay, Jeremy (May 22, 2005). "A HARDER EDGE TO GANG VIOLENCE" (PDF). Press Democrat. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 15, 2014. Retrieved March 15, 2014.
  36. ^ Moxley, R. Scott. "We Don't Care Gang Killer Begs Judges To Care About His Trial Complaint", OC Weekly, July 2013.
  37. ^ http://www.ocweekly.com/news/we-dont-care-gang-killer-begs-judges-to-care-about-his-trial-complaint-6471118
  38. ^ Morales, G. (2007). "Sureños". gangpreventionservices.org. Archived from the original on October 6, 2011.
  39. ^ Larence, E. R. (2010). Combating gangs: Federal agencies have implemented a Central American gang. Washington, DC: United States Accountability Office.
  40. ^ "Gangs of North Carolina" (PDF). North Carolina Department of Justice (NCDOJ). Retrieved September 15, 2015.
  41. ^ McClatchy-Tribune Information Services. "Gangs Increasing in Military, FBI Says". Military.com. Archived from the original on November 13, 2009. Retrieved February 21, 2009.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  42. ^ Reiterman, Tim (February 24, 2008). "Small towns, big gang issues". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on March 2, 2008. Alt URL
  43. ^ Vinson, J.; Crame, J.; Von Seeburg, K. (2008). "Sureños" (PDF). Rocky Mountain Information Network.
  44. ^ Brown, Julie. "Sureño gang members stand trial for Norteño shooting". richmondconfidential.org.
  45. ^ "51 Surenos were arrested in California Narcotics Sting. Perris MaraVilla 13 is just one of the sureno Ganga In the South Side.]". Policemag.com.
  46. ^ "Sureño Tattoos and Symbols". policemag.com. Retrieved September 15, 2015.
  47. ^ a b Eways, A. (February 13, 2012). "Sureño gang graffiti: Understanding the art of war". corrections.com.
  48. ^ "Gang member's tattoo told story of 2004 murder | Local & Regional News | Bakersfield Now - News, Weather and Sports". bakersfieldnow.com. 2011. Retrieved December 24, 2011.
  49. ^ Squires, J. (November 5, 2010). "Eight sureno gang members busted during operation groundhog in watsonville already convicted, four sent to state prison". santacruzsentinel.com.
  50. ^ Stribling, L. (Writer) (2011). "Gang member charged after stabbing girlfriend (Television series episode). In ABC News. Wilmer Minnesota: ABC".
  51. ^ "Delgadillo, Bratton, Perry Announce Crackdown on South L.A.'s 38th Street Gang" (PDF). Office of Civil Attorney, L.A. August 24, 2006.

External linksEdit