Supreme Macedonian Committee chetas' action

The Supreme Macedonian Committee chetas' action in 1895 was an armed expedition of several chetas from Bulgaria into the Ottoman-ruled Macedonia in the period of June-August 1895.[1] Its aim was to provoke a general uprising in the area and to draw the attention of the Great Powers to non-compliance of the Treaty of Berlin (1878), and the provided reforms in European Turkey. The Supreme Macedonian Committee invited about 40 active and reserve officers from the Bulgarian army, as well as some old vojvodes from Macedonia.[2] Among them were Boris Sarafov, Toma Davidov, Mihail Apostolov, Yordan Venedikov, etc.[3] The number of the rebels was about 800 people, divided into four detachments. After invading Macedonia, the separate detachments headed to Strumica, Melnik and Dospat, respectively, but generally did not achieve much success. The failure of the action caused disagreements in the organization.[4] The Ottoman government took advantage of the attack of the Pomaks populated Dospat and spread information about the atrocities in the European press. The Great Powers did not react as expected to the raising of the Macedonian question and instead of putting pressure on the Ottoman Empire, they put pressure on the Bulgarian government.[5]

Appeal of the Supreme Committee to the Bulgarian officers about participation in the action of 1895 in newspaper "Pravo".


  1. ^ Елдъров, Светлозар. „Върховният македоно-одрински комитет и Македоно-одринската организация в България (1895 – 1903)“, Иврай, София, 2003, стр. 27 – 29.
  2. ^ Michael Palairet, Macedonia: A Voyage through History, Volume 2, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2016, ISBN 1443888494, p. 134.
  3. ^ Николов, Борис Й. Вътрешна македоно-одринска революционна организация. Войводи и ръководители (1893 – 1934). Биографично-библиографски справочник. София, 2001, стр. 83.
  4. ^ Билярски, Цочо. Княжество България и македонският въпрос, т.1. Върховен македоно-одрински комитет 1895 – 1905 (Протоколи от конгресите), Българска историческа библиотека, 5, Иврай, София, 2002, стр. 155.
  5. ^ Anna M. Mirkova, Muslim Land, Christian Labor: Transforming Ottoman Imperial Subjects into Bulgarian National Citizens, 1878-1939; Central European University Press, 2017, ISBN 9633861616, p. 139.

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