Sum (administrative division)
In Inner Mongolia, a sumu (Mongolian: ᠰᠤᠮᠤ, сум, transliteration: sumu; Chinese: 苏木, pinyin: sūmù) is a township-level political/administrative division. The sumu division is equivalent to a township but is unique to Inner Mongolia. It is therefore larger than a gaqa (Mongolian: ᠭᠠᠴᠠᠭᠠ гацаа) and smaller than a banner (the Inner Mongolia equivalent of the county-level division). Examples include Shiwei, Inner Mongolia and Honggor Sumu, Siziwang Banner.
Sumu whose population is predominated by ethnic minorities are designated ethnic sumu – parallel with the ethnic township in the rest of China. As of 2010[update], there is only one ethnic sumu in China, the Evenk Ethnic Sumu.
A sum (Mongolian: сум, ᠰᠤᠮᠤ) is the second level administrative division below the Aimags (provinces), roughly comparable to a County in the United States. There are 331 sums in Mongolia. Each sum is again divided into bags.
- Ole Bruun Precious Steppe: Mongolian Nomadic Pastoralists in Pursuit of the Market. 2006- Page 68 "The historical administrative units of aimag, sum, and bag (Khotont constitutes one of nineteen sums in Arkangai aimag) still form the bases of "