Sulayman ibn Wahb

Abu Ayyub Sulayman ibn Wahb (Arabic: أبو أيوب سليمان بن وهب‎) (died July/August 885) was a senior official of the Abbasid Caliphate who served several times as vizier.

Sulayman ibn Wahb
سليمان بن وهب
Secretary of Caliph al-Ma'mun
In office
830s–831/832
Secretary of General Musa and Aytakh
In office
843 – 847
(under Caliph al-Wathiq)
Supervisor of Finances in Egypt
In office
Under al-Mutawakkil he served twice as ʿamil – (supervisor of finances) in Egypt
MonarchAl-Mutawakkil
Abbasid vizier
In office
870 – 21 June 870
MonarchAl-Muhtadi
In office
877–878
MonarchAl-Mu'tamid
Personal details
BornAbbasid Caliphate
DiedJuly/August c. 885
Baghdad, Abbasid Caliphate (now Iraq)
Cause of deathDied in Prison of Baghdad
ChildrenAyyub,
Ubayd Allah
FatherWahb
Residence

His family, the Banu Wahb, were originally Nestorian Christians from Wasit, and had produced secretaries in the caliphal administration since late Umayyad times.[1] Sulayman first appears as a secretary to Caliph al-Ma'mun (r. 813–833). Under al-Wathiq (r. 842–847), he forged ties with the powerful Turkish military, serving as secretary to the Turkish generals Musa ibn Bugha and Aytakh. Under al-Mutawakkil (r. 847–861) he served twice as ʿamil (supervisor of finances) in Egypt, during which time he reportedly made a fortune.[1]

As a senior court official, he distinguished himself as the patron of notable poets like Abu Tammam and al-Buhturi. He was first appointed as vizier—by then an almost powerless office due to the internal turmoil and increasing domination of the Turkish military—towards the end of the reign of al-Muhtadi (r. 869–870), and then again in 877 and 878 under al-Mu'tamid (r. 870–892), alternating with his rival al-Hasan ibn Makhlad al-Jarrah. His inability to counter the mounting financial crisis led to his permanent dismissal and imprisonment, dying in prison in May/June 885.[1]

Sulayman was the founder of a veritable administrative dynasty: his son Ubayd Allah, grandson al-Qasim, and great-grandsons al-Husayn and Muhammad all became viziers.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Bosworth 2002, pp. 33–34.

SourcesEdit

  • Bosworth, C.E. (2002). "Wahb". In Bearman, P. J.; Bianquis, Th.; Bosworth, C. E.; van Donzel, E. & Heinrichs, W. P. (eds.). The Encyclopaedia of Islam, New Edition, Volume XI: W–Z. Leiden: E. J. Brill. pp. 33–34. ISBN 978-90-04-12756-2.