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The Sula River (Ukrainian: Сула́; Russian: Су́ла) is a left tributary of the Dnieper River with a total length of 365 km and a drainage basin of 19,600 km².[2][3][1][4]

Sula, Сула
Sula River in Ukraine.jpg
Location
CountryUkraine
Physical characteristics
Source 
 ⁃ locationSumy and Chernihiv Oblasts of Ukraine
Mouth 
 ⁃ location
Dnieper River
Length365 km (227 mi)
Basin size19,600 km2 (7,600 sq mi)
Discharge 
 ⁃ average29 m3[1]

The river flows into the Dnieper through the Kremenchuk Reservoir, with which it forms a large delta with numerous islands, on which rare kinds of birds live. An important tributary is the Uday River, smaller ones being Orzhytsya, Sliporid, Romen and Tern.

Large cities located on the river are Romny, Lokhvytsia, Chervonoazovske and Lubny.

The river's name evokes slow or muddy waters considering the words it is related to: Lithuanian/Latvian sulà "birch sap", Old Prussian sulo "curdled milk", Norwegian dialectal saula "dirt", Sanskrit súrā "spiritous liquor", and Avestan hurā "intoxicating drink, kumis".[5] Another etymology of the hydronym Sula is the Turkic suly, 'filled with water, wet'.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Сула (река, приток Днепра)" (in Russian). Большая Советская Энциклопедия. Retrieved 2019-04-28.
  2. ^ Izsák Tibor (2007). Ukrajna természeti földrajza (pdf) (in Hungarian). II. Rákóczi Ferenc Kárpátaljai Magyar Főiskola. p. 95. Retrieved 2019-04-28.
  3. ^ "NÉVJEGYZÉK-SZÓTÁR az UKRAJNA TERMÉSZETI FÖLDRAJZA tantárgyhoz" (pdf) (in Hungarian). II. Rákóczi Ferenc Kárpátaljai Magyar Főiskola. Retrieved 2019-04-28.
  4. ^ "Sula River". Encyclopedia of Ukraine. Retrieved 2019-04-28.
  5. ^ Orel, Vladimir. A Handbook of Germanic Etymology. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 2003: 320.
  6. ^ Yu.N. Drozdov, 2008, Türkic Ethnonymy Of European Peoples, Moscow, "Reliance", ISBN 978-5-904215-04-0, p.247

Coordinates: 49°33′19″N 32°45′16″E / 49.5553°N 32.7544°E / 49.5553; 32.7544