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Sukinda is a town in Jajpur district, Odisha, India. Odisha accounts for about 98% of the total proved chromite (chromium ore) reserves of the country, of which about 97% occur in the Sukinda Valley.[1] In September 2007, the Blacksmith Institute listed Sukinda as one of the 10 most polluted places in the world. Multiple local political figures and scientists disputed the listing, claiming that the Blacksmith Institute used outdated research.[2][3]

Sukinda is located in Odisha
Location in Odisha, India
Sukinda is located in India
Sukinda (India)
Coordinates: 20°58′0″N 85°55′0″E / 20.96667°N 85.91667°E / 20.96667; 85.91667Coordinates: 20°58′0″N 85°55′0″E / 20.96667°N 85.91667°E / 20.96667; 85.91667
Country  India
State Odisha
District Jajpur
Elevation 72 m (236 ft)
 • Official Odia
 • Major local language Ho language
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)



National Highway 200 passes through Sukinda. Sukinda is flanked by the Mahagiri range and the Daitari range, Sukinda Valley spreads over an area of 50 km2 from Kansa to Maruabil in Jajpur District. In the middle of this valley flows a natural stream, Damsala, and it joins river Brahmani at a point further from the valley.

Natural ResourcesEdit

Sukinda has an abundance of chromite, around 97% of India's total deposits.[4]

The valley is abundant in the deposits of chromite and has the largest open cast chromite ore mines in the world.[5] Around 12 mines operate in the area without proper environmental controls, and pollution caused by the mines is a major health hazard.[6][7] 60% of the drinking water contains hexavalent chromium at levels more than double international standards and as per an Indian health group estimations 84.75% of deaths in the mining areas — where regulations are non-existent — are due to chromite-related diseases. There has been virtually no attempt to clean up the contamination.[5] The city is also in the list of most polluted cities in the world[8]


  1. ^
  2. ^ "Report on pollution in Sukinda valley disputed". 27 February 2008 – via The Hindu.
  3. ^ "Geoscientists dub BI report on Sukinda Valley exaggerated". 27 February 2008.
  4. ^
  5. ^ a b Walsh, Bryan (2007). "The World's Most Polluted Places - Sukinda, India". Time. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  6. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 October 2007. Retrieved 10 December 2013. Pollution in Sukinda Page 7 and 9
  7. ^ Mining in Sukinda
  8. ^ "The Cleanest And The Most Polluted Cities In The World - SCGH". 22 June 2009.

External linksEdit